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Ocd case study summary

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Music Genre Essays Essays and Research Papers. ? Genres of Music My favorite genre is RB. Study Summary. Every genre has their own unique twist to it but I . think what makes mine unique is the effect is has on people. Essay Questions For The. RB makes one want to move and dance to the beat of the music . It gives life to the ambience and it brings people to have a new personality. I personally find that it brings me up when I’m down.

I find it very similar to hip-hop but RB is a mixture of different genres which includes hip-hop in the mix. The artist that came to mind to associate. Classical music , Funk , Jazz 1383 Words | 4 Pages. Music : The Beat to our Mind, Body and Soul Music is summary, a powerful tool that has been scientifically proven to be useful and . harmful in what general of mercantilism many different ways. The interconnection between music and the physical and mental health of human beings has been researched for ocd case study centuries. Many people use music as a tool for brainstorming and motivation.

Some look at music as a hobby; for some music is their passion, while others pursue music as their career. It is british essay, essential to choose your music wisely because. Attention , Attention span , Classical music 942 Words | 3 Pages. ? Genre Analysis Proposal My proposition is for an essay based around the hypothesis that it is getting increasing difficult to . categorise music due to its evolution over ocd case summary, time. My essay is going to be split in to six main parts; the research, introduction/proposal, separate analyses of each genre , and a final conclusion. As this assignment is purely an study, aural assessment of each genre , each analysis section will remain separate, I will not be comparing genres or critically commenting on them. Three.

Bluegrass music , Blues , Country music 2157 Words | 6 Pages. single Riptide from her first full length album Enchanted, which was featured as itunes Single of the Week in essays netherlands October 2013 and achieved in excess of 150,000 . downloads. She describes her music as sparkly folk pop” ? She met long-time manager Bob James and started collaborating with different writers across multiple genres . Work included writing and performing on Britains got talent finalist Andrew Muir's debut album for which she wrote the lyrics to Can't Say That It's Over in study summary 2009. Soon after, ? It was. Album , Camera angle , Close-up 1257 Words | 11 Pages. Music Genres: The effects on a student's academic performance. ? Music Genres : Does it affect the student’s academic performance? An Investigatory Project Proposal Submitted to Teacher . Arabelle Baquiler of First City Providential College In Fulfilment Of the Requirements for what general characteristics of mercantilism the Course Research II by: Jhungie K. Tendero Fourth Year – Special Science Class October 2013 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study Nowadays, teens can easily listen to music because of the gadgets that are available everywhere. . Blues , Jazz , Music 792 Words | 3 Pages. Society with Music Kyle Klemz SOCS 185 DeVry 8/16/2012 Dr. Dominguez What does music mean to you? Do you think it’s . changed from the different styles of music and the way that music sounds from when it started?

Music can play a big part and ocd case study summary, role on society. Ict Coursework. There are many different types of music and music festivals in today’s society. Music has changed a lot within the past few decades. Music festivals have pretty much stayed the same. People can be judged on the type of music that they. Blues , Heavy metal music , Jazz 2717 Words | 7 Pages. ?What Genre of Music is Most Popular in Teens and Why? What makes music popular? Over 90% of responses have . said that 3 things make a good song. Those three factors are lyrics, a melody line and a catchy rhythm (, 2014).

My survey I created has reached a result to this question that most people said that the best type of music is the summary, one with the biomedical personal statement, most meaning. They said that the ocd case study, lyrics of the song make it good because they like that it has meaning and songs without meaning. Jazz , Music , Music genre 1740 Words | 5 Pages. Classical Music Passion and determination are leading forces that can aid in conquering anything. A true appreciation and what are some general, optimism arises when . one can express themselves deep within. The ability to connect what one feels through music is study summary, rewarding. Classical music has changed the perspective of an average individual. Netherlands. The genre is very different compared to other genres of music ; the music is elegant, expressive, and ocd case study, artistic. This genre of music is comparative literature, intricate, yet passionate and it shows a direct.

Art , Blues , Classical music 2376 Words | 6 Pages. How Different Genres of Music Effect Test Scores. Different Genres of ocd case study, Music Effect Test Scores Kathryn E. Baker Bowling Green High School Table of essay breadwinner, Contents Introduction pg. . 3-7 Procedure pg. 7 Results pg. Study. 8 Discussion pg. 8-9 Conclusion pg. 9-10 Acknowledgements pg.

10 References pg. 10-11 Introduction Although many research findings can be confusing or contradictory (Yehuda, 2011), it has been shown many ways and in many times that music affects the brain psychologically. Elliot, Polman, McGregor (2011) found that music only has. Disco , Jazz , Music 2209 Words | 7 Pages. The Influence of Electronics in Music Production. The Influence of Electronics in Music Production. The purpose of this essay is to provide an account of the metamorphosis of are some characteristics of mercantilism, . distortion and how it has impacted music , music culture and study, the world. A2 Level. Electronics have played a massive part in the transformation of music over the years. Study. There are many devices that we use today that have influenced music in some form or another.

One that could be the most influential is the Distortion Pedal, or Stompbox and distortion therein. This one concept is responsible. Bass guitar , Distortion , Electric guitar 2192 Words | 6 Pages. The Division/Classification Essay Essentially, a comic book is a graphic, animated, colorful booklet, which could be black and white as well, . and it also tells a story. (“Types of what general, Comic Books). As crazy as it may seem, music videos also have the same characteristics. If you think about it, music videos can be very graphic, animated, colorful or black and white, and study, they tell a story also. Of Mercantilism. Music videos can be divided into study three major genres according to comparative, the mood, style, and the fanzines, which usually. African American , Country music , Funk 1150 Words | 3 Pages. Music is a form of art among many different cultures and ranges of social context around the world. Music is not something you . Summary. need a lot of money for; or even very little money for.

They have free stations and apps with now day technology that allows you to enjoy music with no cost. It does not matter if you have no experience about essays rhythm, beat, or tone. Music is purely the entertainment of enjoying something that can bring us all together. There are many different genres of music and summary, it can be. Chris Martin , Debut albums , English-language films 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Chillwave: Is it a genre ? Throughout the history of music , there have been many trends in music that have . A2 Level. influenced future generations. Ocd Case Study. The way listeners respond to these trends allow them to review, categorize specific sounds with genres of music . One huge musical trend today, chillwave, is a genre of music that has received mixed emotions of its name by ocd case summary its artists and fans. In this paper, I will be presenting an intro into chillwave music as a genre and personal statement, how it is different from other genres . I also will. Blues , Music genre , Music genres 1997 Words | 6 Pages. Cause and ocd case summary, Effect Essay : Music Censorship Abstract: This cause and effect essay analyzes the lyrical content of . popular music recordings, cited as censored. Netherlands. Out of 60 articles from the music trade magazines, Billboard and Rolling Stone, 77 instances of censorship were recorded and analyzed.

The categories for evaluation were the year of citation, music style, and reason for censorship. Nineteen ninety was the year with the highest number of journal articles (21) covering music censorship. Rap. 1950s , Blues , Censorship 1213 Words | 4 Pages. 1 Music And The Effects It Can Have On A Person 1. ? Music and the effects it can have on a Person There are not a good construction. many different genres of . music , sentence runon the two genres I chose to contrast, no comma are gospel/inspirational and study, hip-hop music . I chose the two,comma not needed because I can relate to the both of them. I listen to both genres , so I know the effect they may have on a person and their action(s). I know how the lyrics in both types of british essay, music can alter my mood. Ocd Case Study. Do you have any other proof?: Before reading any. Andrae Crouch , Country music , Gospel music 1387 Words | 3 Pages.

Final Essay Compare and questions for the, Contrast COMM/155 Final Essay Compare and ocd case study summary, Contrast . COMM/155 Both Beyonce and Jay-Z have been in the music industry for well over twenty years now. They both had a childhood surrounded by music , which may have had an impact on what profession they chose to work in essay questions years later. Study. They are both well-known artist to today’s generation as well as others. A2 Level. Some individuals may look at the two and summary, think they have more similarities. Beyonce Knowles , Jazz , Kanye West 1208 Words | 4 Pages. The Fingerprints of Synth Pop as a Genre. Synth Pop as a Genre Synth Pop is a genre that uses synthesizers to recreate the are some general characteristics of mercantilism, sounds of real audio instruments without . actually having the ocd case, instrument there; or in some cases do not even try to sound natural but as computerized as possible. Synthesizers were first used in the 1960's by rock bands and in the late 1970's by punk bands. Also in the late 1970's going into the early 1980's, synth only bands began to come out and created a whole new style, genre and british essay, generation of music . In the 1960's. Gary Numan , Kraftwerk , Music genre 1167 Words | 3 Pages. from Run-DMC to now Lil Wayne and Drake.

Hip hop will always be hip hop but it has changed overtime. It is summary, different because of the message it sends . A2 Level. . Teenagers are heavily influenced by the messages in Hip Hop music .. Hip hop came from a mixture of different types of music genres . Hip hop was first rhyming and mixing different beats. The beats were for people to ocd case study summary, dance not to rap over. Disco and blues impacted hip hop help created hip hop in the 70’s. DJ Kool Herc from New York went. Disco , Funk , Hip hop 2217 Words | 7 Pages.

change of music over the past 100 years? How it began.. Music taste changes over comparative literature essays, the years, it always has and ocd case study summary, it always will. . The youth enjoys a certain style of music and they become the elderly after time. The 20th century has featured a huge range of different music styles, mainly because of the what general characteristics, huge technological advancements made during the century. These technological enhancements made music recording and broadcasting more accessible to most people, which in turn allowed music to spread. Bass guitar , Blues , Elvis Presley 953 Words | 3 Pages.

While world music is a genre , musical exoticism can be classed as a process in which musicians freely interpret attributes of the . Summary. music of essay, non-western culture and targeting specifically at ocd case study foreign audience. It is the direct perception of the british essay, western audience's view of non-western music tradition, not non-western perception of non-western exoticism, in other words not the true perception, only a concept. As exotica is only an imitation, the authencity of the music is often questioned, the lack. Blues , Contemporary classical music , Culture 1462 Words | 5 Pages. Listening to Music While Studying is Academically Beneficial Based on Scientific Fact. Summary. Joseph S. Caruso Murray High School I propose, as . a student, that listening to music while studying is academically beneficial based on scientific fact. Have you ever listened to biomedical research personal, music while studying? Maybe you hummed a song?

Well, it has been tested and shown that while listening to music students have a slower thought process, which inevitably has led to ocd case study, a slower, and a much higher understanding of each. Blues , Brain , Jazz 1526 Words | 4 Pages. Pop Music 73% of teens in America listen to popular music , which is also known as ‘pop’ music (Murray). There . are so many different music genres in biomedical statement the world and it’s amazing how pop music can capture 73 percent of the teen’s attention. Pop music offers an endless variety of styles and meanings to the listening audience. Ocd Case Study Summary. Although I listen to many other music genres , I listen to pop music a lot more often. And there are reasons why 73 percent of other teens do too.

Pop music is such a diverse genre. Jazz , Music genre , Music genres 1629 Words | 4 Pages. Music plays a vital role in my life. I love listening to questions for the, music and it’s become one of my hobbies since I’m in my primary school. . I had been exposed to music since I’m at kindergarten. I do a lot of performance that are related with music when I’m in my school age and ocd case study, I really enjoy it. I can say that music has become part of my life. Even in kindergarten, I had been taught by music such as ABC’s song, Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, Happy Birthday song, If You Are Happy and others. There are so many. 2007 albums , Emotion , English language 1505 Words | 4 Pages. Exploring Popular Music What is popular music ? Popular music is essays netherlands, defined as any genre of . music having wide appeal but usually only for summary a short time.(Popular music ) My definition of popular music is music mostly by one hit wonders or well established artists appealing widely for a short time. Popular music differs from comparative literature essays, other genres of music because with other genres of music they are constrained to that genre meaning that have to fit that group and study, really venture outside that box and still be.

Blues , IPod , Jazz 1286 Words | 4 Pages. ASSESSMENT ON DANCEHALL MUSIC Name: Samantha Stewart Subject: Communication Studies Territory: Jamaica Centre Number: 100005 . Registration Number: 100005 Teacher: Mrs. Dawes Table of Contents Content Page General Introduction 1 Preface 2 Reflective Piece 3 Analysis 7 General Introduction Music is used to relax the a2 level, mind and give comfort to the soul. All around the world, there are different types of music and in ocd case Jamaica. Beenie Man , Buju Banton , Dancehall 1842 Words | 6 Pages. Influence of Music Hannah Ferguson HUM/176 Influence of Music Music and radio has roots in American . culture and the way society is today. A2 Level Ict Coursework. The different types of music genres have shaped American culture and ocd case, social behavior of essay breadwinner, Americans.

Audio media has had a major affect and influence on the attitudes of Americans and ocd case study summary, especially today’s youth and a2 level, young adults. Music and radio has given American culture its values, the study summary, way that jazz, blues, and Ramp;B created rock amp; roll, music created. Blues , Culture , Jazz 827 Words | 3 Pages. Caribbean Music and british essay, the Influence It Has on study the Caribbean Music. African music and history of African music in netherlands the Caribbean; Identify and list some of the common African influences/features . found in ocd case study Caribbean folk and popular music . African music : music of the a2 level ict coursework, music of the study, Africa diaspora was refined and developed during the period of slavery.

Slaves did not have easy access to instruments, so vocal work to on new significance. General Characteristics. Through chants and work songs people of African descent preserved elements of their African heritage while inventing new genres of music. African diaspora , Atlantic slave trade , Caribbean 757 Words | 3 Pages. Effect of ocd case study, Music on Teenagers Every teenager who listens to music interprets the lyrics in essays netherlands a different way. Some people take out . a deeper meaning from the lyrics, even going to ocd case summary, the point of saying that music “saves their lives”.

Music holds a powerful effect on an individual because it can stimulate and british essay, provoke multiple responses—physiological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral. But, every genre of music gives its own message to teenagers. Some may enforce positive actions, while some condone. Blues , Funk , Jazz 1241 Words | 3 Pages. Arts, Music and Society in the Philippines. WORLD’S LONGEST SONG The current longest piece of ocd case study, music being recored is Longplayer. A2 Level. It has been recording for the last 11 years. And it is . due to end in 2999. Look it up at The longest recorded piece of music used to be by a noise band called Bull of Heaven, The Chosen Priest and Apostle of Infinite Space. It's more than 2 months long.

They also have other works that are multiple weeks long. They have however bested this with a song that is 50 000 hours in length, that's more. Blues , Folk music , Funk 1252 Words | 4 Pages. ‘Rebellion Through Music ’ by Heather Wendtland talks about the idea of youth, who through the listening and usage of music , are . able to mark out their identities. She expounds the ironies involved, the lyrical connotations in ocd case study particular, and a2 level ict coursework, how youth are still able to accept what’s perceived as ‘wrong’ and use it to their advantage. Music , to them, is like a double-edged sword, providing them with a taste of empowerment and exhilaration, yet being obnoxious to authority. Wendtland, a university. Alternative rock , Feeling , Gender 989 Words | 3 Pages. Concert Review Genre of study, a Concert Review A concert review describes a concert’s overall structure - including . its music , musicians, venue, time, and location - and attempts to place the concert in a larger context by comparing it to breadwinner, other concerts. For your readers to grasp the atmosphere and ocd case, quality of the concert, you should try to capture the entire scene in your review and also include your own evaluation. Actions to a2 level ict coursework, Take To write a concert review, you will need. Audience , Concert , Genre 753 Words | 2 Pages. Our everyday lives are affected by music . People listen to it in the car, while grocery shopping, in ocd case study the movies, at home, and practically . anywhere else possible.

There are many different types and comparative review essays, styles of music , the most influential being Hip-Hop/Rap music , followed by Rock and Roll. Music is often a mood-altering device used to make the listener feel a sense of belonging, happiness, or sorrow. The different genres of music can be used to describe a certain group of people, whether it be by clothing. Aesop Rock , Alternative hip hop , Cage 1330 Words | 4 Pages. Twentieth and study summary, Twenty-First Century Music. Twentieth and Twenty-first Century Music Music would forever be changed by the developments of the a2 level ict coursework, 20th and study, 21st . centuries and essays, through the study summary, invention of the internet, music has become a global median for all languages.

The twentieth and twenty-first centuries brought about major changes in the world of music as many people knew music up until then. Essays Netherlands. For centuries before, music was mainly made up of instrumental music from stringed and ocd case study summary, wind instruments with the exception of Operas. 20th century , 20th Century Fox , 21st century 975 Words | 3 Pages. Music has undergone many changes throughout and history and prehistory. These changes were always somehow connected to sociological movements . at the time.

Rock music evolved mostly out of a need by young people of the fifties to break away from so-cietal norms. America had just come out of the Korean War, and men looked to comparative literature review, settle down into a peaceful life. Also just prior this time period, Senator Joseph McCarthy ac-tively encouraged citizens to conform with his infamously false accusations of. Bass guitar , Blues , Buddy Holly 1518 Words | 4 Pages. Contrast Music in ocd case study the Late 90s and 2000s As all of us know, music is the universal language. It is the art of a2 level ict coursework, expressing and . interpreting an opinion or expression through the creation of sound; and it certainly has histories of many centuries and periods since the existence of human.

The question is- would you consider music as a necessity in study your daily life? Well, I would easily agree to essays netherlands, it; with more quotes popping up recently that are related to ocd case study summary, music , such as, ‘No Music , No Life’, and essay questions for the, ‘ Music is the. 1990s , Blues , Jazz 798 Words | 3 Pages. The Influence of summary, music on worker productivity. The Influence of music on worker productivity Convenience Sampling will be used for british essay my research paper to focus on ocd case study summary studying whether . Are Some General Characteristics Of Mercantilism. participants who are randomly available and study, open to british essay, contribute to the study. This study will generalize the ocd case, population because every person is effected by are some general music in one way or the other. I would focus on ocd case study summary having an open age group because I am interested to test the effects of music as well as binaural beats to a2 level, children all the way up to the elder population.

I. Blues , Country music , Emotion 1004 Words | 4 Pages. The Influence of Jazz on Modern Music. ? Jazz Music Developed in about 1900, Jazz music has been an study summary, influence in many . artist's work, from painting to other forms of general, music . Jazz is an American music form that was developed from African-American work songs. Jazz music was developed about ocd case study summary 1900 by black Americans. It possesses an biomedical research statement, identifiable history and ocd case study, describable stylistic evolution. British Essay. European classical music , American blues, and South American songs and rhythms came together to form what became.

African American , Bebop , Blues 1186 Words | 4 Pages. ?Some Personality Correlates of ocd case, Music Preferences Malvika Arora Dr. Shobhana Abhyankar, Dept of Psychology, Fergusson College, Pune . British Essay. Abstract The present study is aimed at studying some personality correlates of Music Preferences. A sample of 175 individuals, aged 18-28 and living in study urban settings was surveyed on two inventories, namely, ‘Short Test on research statement Music Preferences-Revised (STOMP-R)’ and ‘NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)’. STOMP-R rated individuals’ music preferences on four broader ones. Big Five personality traits , Factor analysis , Music genre 1058 Words | 5 Pages. ?Daniel Music and ocd case study, its Deception Year after year various artists release new music . With every new year comes more and . more aggressive and provocative music than the previous year. In today’s culture and society we find youth rebelling, choosing a less successful route to pursue.

In the blog “ Music and the Influence on Society” by essay for the breadwinner Kandi, she states that music doesn’t have a direct influence on today’s violence or teen behavior. Whether music is a direct or indirect factor, it is ocd case study, obvious. Adolescence , Boogie Down Productions , Eminem 2727 Words | 7 Pages. Semiotics of Music : Analysis of White Room by Cream Introduction In western today, there are two major types of ict coursework, music that . prevail. On the one hand, there is classical music , choir music generally performed by solo artists.

On the other hand, there is popular music or rock music performed by rock groups. This article provides a detailed semiotic analysis of “white room” by ocd case summary Cream in the 1968. The period, after the 1940-1950 eras, was when rock’ n roll began to take shape (Anthony Gribin amp;. Jazz , Music , Music genre 2303 Words | 7 Pages. Music does have an ict coursework, Effect on Peoples Moods, Emotions Actions Music has an study summary, exceptional way of research, transcending feelings, . emotions, and information across the world. It is a beautiful, yet powerful force is composed of feeling, abundance, and raw emotion and influences our way of dress, our dialect and even our own moral fiber. Summary. It can be as simple as the essays netherlands, beat created by walking on the planks of ocd case study, a deck, or as intricate as a twelve part symphony. This thesis will examine how music as a whole, effects. Blues , Drug addiction , Emotion 1596 Words | 4 Pages. ?However, when music is so explicit and is easily presented to the youth, it could cause changes in their behavior and way of thinking about . things.

It is like this because, for the most part, teenagers like to act just like their favorite artists (Galeb). Research conducted by psychologists Jason Rentfrow and Sam Gosling suggests that knowing the review, type of music you listen to can actually lead to surprisingly accurate predictions about your personality. Research also states that men are more likely. Blues , Death Row Records , Dr. Dre 1415 Words | 6 Pages. History of African American Music. Yasmin Gonzalez Mrs. Herrera Junior English 1 March 2012 History of African American Music “In less than a minute, the death wail went up . out of every cabin in the Quarters, and ocd case, Brother Ezekial began the death chant: Soon one morning, Death come knocking at characteristics of mercantilism my door…. Ocd Case Study Summary. Oh, my lord, What shall I do” (Walker 17)? Death was common for slaves.

They routinely died from disease, beatings and accidents on the plantation, and for the breadwinner, they expressed their sorrow in the form of song. “I see death around the corner. African American , African American music , Blues 1264 Words | 4 Pages. ? Elements in Music - What are the different elements of music ? It doesn’t matter what country or race you belongs to, there . Summary. must be an appreciation or love for some genre of music . Questions For The. When we listen to our favourite style of summary, music it definitely has some physical and essays, emotional effect on us. But do we take time to identify the summary, different components that exist in a2 level all the ocd case, different styles of music we listen to? The music we love listening to has special pack of ingredient which is referred to as musical. Blues , Jazz , Music 1918 Words | 6 Pages. The Culture that I will focus on is Spanish Culture. Spanish Culture has a lot of factors and history ranging from music all the way to are some of mercantilism, food . and holidays.

Spanish Culture has a lot of stuff that is able to ocd case summary, separate them from other cultures and a2 level, countries around the world. The languages that are used mostly in Spanish culture are Spanish and Latin. The majority of Spanish countries talk in either one or both of these languages. The next biggest idea of Spanish culture is food. Most families for. Al-Andalus , Cinco de Mayo , Culture 904 Words | 3 Pages. Jazz's Influence on Popular American Music. Popular Music Today Purpose: To inform my audience about Jazz’s influence on summary today’s popular music Thesis: The basic jazz . elements of instrumentation, syncopation, and essay questions breadwinner, improvisation have influenced today’s popular music . Introduction: Everyone close your eyes and imagine your favorite band or singer.

Get your favorite song in your mind and sing it in your head. If you knew what elements to listen for, it wouldn’t take you more than 10 seconds to recognize some element of jazz in that music . Jazz. Blues , Drum kit , Funk 1049 Words | 3 Pages. Variations of study summary, Caribbean Music Today. Music is the pulsating heartbeat of biomedical research statement, life in the Caribbean.

Caribbean Music involves sounds and study summary, rhythms that evoke a sense of . hope for the future. The diverse sounds of the general, musical genres such as Reggae, Dancehall, Soca and Chutney are classical examples of the growing art forms that distinguish Caribbean Music today. The musical genre , Reggae is a long-established art form that has a huge influence on Caribbean culture and summary, other musical styles. Reggae was first developed in the island of. Calypso music , Chutney music , Jamaica 746 Words | 3 Pages. How Music Influences Our Identity Music is present everywhere, at stores, malls, weddings, funerals and parties just to name . a few.

Since music is constantly surrounding us we all respond to it differently and are affected differently by it. For me, music is essay breadwinner, a very positive thing. I enjoy listening to ocd case, it and a2 level ict coursework, I do daily. Ocd Case Study Summary. Personally, I have never heard about anyone ever having a bad experience from what characteristics, listening to music other than just not liking a song. Music shapes ones identity through emotion. Alternative rock , Emotion , Love 1591 Words | 4 Pages. Rap Music Effects amp; Youth What do half naked women, cocaine and millions of dollars in jewelry have in common with each other?

They are . all common components in rap music songs. Since the beginning of time music has impacted history and culture all over ocd case study summary, the world. Over the years many genres of breadwinner, music have been developed, varying from Soca to Jazz and everything in between. Summary. The most popular genre in America today is Hip-Hop, which also consists of what characteristics, many subgenres. Ocd Case. The most popular subgenre among. Crime , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 1245 Words | 4 Pages. Music plays a very important role in our life. Literature Review. We can almost hear music anywhere. Different music serves different . functions in ocd case our life.

Why is music important to many people? Can you imagine any type of dance without music ? Dance steps are created according to the rhythm and beats of literature, different types of ocd case summary, music . Operas, plays and musicals all revolve around music . While watching different dance forms and musicals, you also enjoy the music that is a part of it. Dancing and music cannot be. Emotion , Jazz , Ludwig van Beethoven 1043 Words | 3 Pages. people get depressed, and music overcomes that” Sir Peter Maxwell Davies is an iconic, English composer and conductor who is currently . Master of the ict coursework, Queen’s music . This essay shall discuss his greatest works, achievements and highlights of his career, focusing mainly upon his earlier works. Davies is noted to study, be one of the most significant figures in post-war European music , rising to prominence in the late 60s with his haunting, electrifying musical theatre pieces. His music is universally acknowledged. Contemporary classical music , Harrison Birtwistle , Jazz 1528 Words | 5 Pages. English 131 W 2010. Jan. 28 Genre Conversation Although genre is commonly regarded as a tool for conventional assortment, . it is necessary to recognize that a genre is not defined by a2 level ict coursework its formal features, but by its situational factors.

The contextual identification of a genre is highlighted by summary Carolyn Miller, who describes genres as the “typified rhetorical ways of acting in recurring situations” (qtd. in Bawarshi 7). The word “situation” is crucial in her definition because writing results. Communication , Creative writing , Genre 1445 Words | 5 Pages. borrowed from other genres of music and also has lent itself to other genres of music .” Herbie . Hancock makes it clear that jazz has been an evolving form of art. And just as simple as the notion that music can change the a2 level, world, music changes in itself.

Jazz once evolved into something we call swing. Back in the roaring twenties people got up and danced to summary, this kind of music . However, these simple and essays netherlands, playful melodies that everyone were accustomed to study, transformed into intricate music with a different. Bebop , Blues , Charlie Parker 1336 Words | 4 Pages. Music is a part of people’s lives from all around the world. It has been around for at a2 level least 50,000 years and most likely originated in Africa . (Wallin, et al. 1).

There are several distinct genres of music . The most recognized forms in ocd case summary the western hemisphere are: classical, jazz, rock and folk, as well as others which are essentially branches from the four previously mentioned. Many career options exist for those wishing to pursue music , many of british essay, which require one or more scholastic degrees. In music. Clarinet , Classical music , Jazz 1610 Words | 5 Pages. for me the soundtrank is important, the music creates a sence of athmosphere, its improoving the film, bolsters the drama. Here I missing this. Ocd Case Study Summary. . Despite, Hunger Games is essays, thought-provoking and has a significant social and moral message. So this is for ocd case study summary me because I like thinking and find ansvers for my own questions;) It is a must-see movie which will withstand the test of the time. My favourite style of music Well if I have to choose which style of british essay, music is my favourite maybe I would say that is. A Little Bit Longer , Classical music , Jazz 1744 Words | 4 Pages. How does music affect your heart beat?? activity or according to study, our hypothesis, music . A2 Level. Music has an arousal effect which is related to its frequency and study, tempo.

Slow or . meditative music can induce a relaxing effect and thus put the psychological sense in rest. Music may be used as an alternative technique of essay, relaxation or meditation. Recent research suggests slow music influences a person's relaxation, and that musical pauses modulate heart rhythms (in a good way). The researchers found that music with faster tempos resulted in increased. Blood , Heart , Heart rate 1189 Words | 5 Pages. THE GREAT POWER OF MUSIC What is music ? According to Oxford Advance Learner’s Dictionary, music is defined as a . sounds that are arranged in study summary a way that is pleasant or exciting to listen to.

Music has great power as it provides mental benefits to for the, human. These benefits are emotional benefits, educational benefits, and ocd case study summary, health benefits. First mental benefit of music to biomedical research personal statement, human is emotional benefit (Adjemian, 2006; Changizi, 2009). According to summary, Adjemian (2006), people can get better mood when listen. Better , Classical music , Emotion 837 Words | 3 Pages. ?People V.S Electronic Dance Music Electronic Dance Music , more often referred as EDM, is a selective genre of comparative literature review, . music , which centers in Trance, House, Progressive and Techno, its audience being among ages 11 to 25. Focusing in study the art of a DJ performing a continuous DJ set, progressing from one record to the next. Since early 1980s it has been popularizing more and more from characteristics of mercantilism, time to time, becoming now, one of the biggest music genres in the world.

From what it was being bedroom DJs and only getting. Drug addiction , Electronic dance music , Electronica 1031 Words | 3 Pages. International Friendship Day and Music. Music Assalamualaikum and study, a very good afternoon to my fellow friends, teachers and judges. Today, on this fine afternoon, I would like . to present to you a public speech about ‘ Music ’. Music . We hear it every day. No matter where we are, music will always be played either on the radio or just by essays humming a tune. Did you know that music started as early as the Paleolithic era?

So music is about 200 000 years old. Wow! It’s so old. Still people enjoy listening to this ‘old’ art for. Brass instrument , Friendship , International Friendship Day 2043 Words | 7 Pages. Do different types of music affect the study, thinking and behavior of teenagers? Do different types of music affect the thinking and a2 level ict coursework, behavior of teenagers? RATIONALE Nowadays, music is considered one of the . top means to convey a message to someone whom you want to express your feelings to. Ocd Case. Teenagers love to listen to music and relate almost every single thing that is happening in essay questions for the their life to it. I, myself, am very fond of ocd case study, music and love to listen to music according to the moods and ict coursework, situations.

Music of a certain kind acts like a driving force and motivates people to push.

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Add a citation and study create a bibliography. Before you can create a bibliography you need to have at least one citation and source in your document that will appear in your bibliography. If you don't have all of the information that you need about a source to create a complete citation, you can use a placeholder citation, and then complete the source information later. Note: Placeholder citations do not appear in the bibliography. Add a new citation and source to a document.

On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click the personal statement arrow next to Style . Click the style that you want to summary, use for the citation and source. Essays! For example, social sciences documents usually use the MLA or APA styles for citations and sources. Click at study, the end of the ict coursework sentence or phrase that you want to cite. On the study References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Insert Citation . Do one of the a2 level ict coursework following: To add the source information, click Add New Source , then begin to fill in the source information by clicking the arrow next to Type of source . For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. To add a placeholder, so that you can create a citation and fill in ocd case, the source information later, click Add New Placeholder . British Essay! A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. Fill in the bibliography information for the source. To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box. Now you can create your bibliography.

If you choose a GOST or ISO 690 style for your sources and ocd case study summary a citation is not unique, append an alphabetic character to the year. For example, a citation would appear as [Pasteur, 1848a]. If you choose ISO 690-Numerical Reference and your citations still don't appear consecutively, you must click the ISO 690 style again, and then press ENTER to correctly order the citations. Essay For The Breadwinner! Add additional citations from summary, a previously used source. A2 Level Ict Coursework! You can easily access citations you added previously.

In fact, you can reuse them throughout your document. It's simple. Place the cursor where you want to insert a citation, and click References Insert Citation . Find the citation by ocd case summary, the Author or Tag name , and questions for the select the study summary citation. Tip: You can insert a placeholder if you need to look up a citation later. Click References Insert Citation . Click Add New Placeholder , and create a unique Tag name . Find the Placeholder in your content, and click the british essay text to Edit Source details. Now that you’ve inserted one or more citations and sources in your document you can create your bibliography. Click where you want to ocd case summary, insert a bibliography, usually at the end of the document. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Bibliography . Click a predesigned bibliography format to insert the bibliography into the document. The list of literature, sources that you use can become quite long. At times you might search for a source that you cited in another document by using the Manage Sources command.

On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . If you open a new document that does not yet contain citations, all of the study sources that you used in previous documents appear under Master List . If you open a document that includes citations, the sources for those citations appear under Current List . British Essay! All the sources that you have cited, either in previous documents or in the current document, appear under Master List . To find a specific source, do one of the following: In the sorting box, sort by author, title, citation tag name, or year, and summary then search the resulting list for the source that you want to find. In the Search box, type the title or author for the source that you want to find. The list dynamically narrows to a2 level ict coursework, match your search term. Note: You can click the ocd case Browse button in Source Manager to select another master list from which you can import new sources into your document. For example, you might connect to a file on a shared server, on a research colleague's computer or server, or on a Web site that is hosted by a university or research institution. What Characteristics! On the References tab, in ocd case study summary, the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . In the questions breadwinner Source Manager dialog box, under Master List or Current List , select the source you want to edit, and then click Edit . Ocd Case Study Summary! Note: To edit a placeholder to add citation information, select the literature essays placeholder from Current List and click Edit . In the Edit Source dialog box, make the changes you want and click OK . Occasionally, you may want to create a placeholder citation, and then wait until later to fill in the complete bibliography source information. Any changes that you make to a source are automatically reflected in the bibliography, if you have already created one. A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . Under Current List , click the placeholder that you want to study summary, edit. Biomedical Personal Statement! Note: Placeholder sources are alphabetized in Source Manager, along with all other sources, based on the placeholder tag name.

By default, placeholder tag names contain the word Placeholder and a number, but you can customize the placeholder tag name with whatever tag you want. Begin to ocd case summary, fill in the source information by clicking the what characteristics arrow next to Type of source . For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. Fill in the bibliography information for the source. Ocd Case! To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box.

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essays hook The Hook: Scene Transitions in Classical Cinema. How do movies carry us from ocd case summary, scene to scene? The question is comparative literature review simple, but not many people have explored it. I’m especially interested in how transitions are managed in study, mainstream, mass-audience movies, but I’ll have some things to biomedical say about other traditions too. I’ll also be talking a lot about unity, which can make the study summary, whole exercise seem fairly old-fashioned and Aristotelian. Yet examining how films create internal patterns reminds us that those patterns are almost always aimed at general characteristics, the audience. We’re supposed to register those patterns, consciously or not, and they prompt us to react in particular ways.

As so often, when we talk about form we’re actually talking about the psychology of spectators. If we want to know how mainstream movies take us from scene to scene, I suggest we start by acknowledging three different levels of architecture. First, we can consider our film as having large-scale parts. Call this macrostructure the way those biggish parts fit together. We might treat reel lengths as the salient parts, as silent filmmakers and Hong Kong filmmakers sometimes did.

More recently, we’re urged to think of the summary, large-scale parts as acts , either three in the current Hollywood advice books or four, as Kristin Thompson and british essay I have suggested. But these more or less material divisions tally up with phases of the story action. So, for example, the traditional conception of three-act structure depends on the main characters choosing goals, being blocked in achieving them, and at the climax decisively achieving them or not. In National Treasure (2004), Benjamin Gates is searching for the treasure of the Knights Templar. He’s kept from achieving this goal by conflicts, obstacles, and delays.

In the film’s first part, he and his assistant Riley learn that directions to the treasure are inscribed on the back of the US Declaration of Independence. But Ben’s former backer Ian is ocd case summary also on personal statement the trail of the map, so our heroes acquire another goal: to protect the Declaration. At the turning point of the first part, Ben decides that the ocd case study summary, only way to achieve his goals is to steal the Declaration. In the biomedical research personal statement, second part, Ben and Riley make off with the document, picking up archivist Abigail along the way. The third part consists of study summary following the trail of clues laid out in essay questions, the coded message, as our three are pursued by Ian’s gang and by the FBI. The film’s fourth part constitutes a climax. The trail leads to Manhattan, where Ian takes our heroes hostage and they plunge into a lair underneath a church.

The treasure is study discovered, Ian is defeated, and in an epilogue the protagonists are rewarded. For more on macrostructure, see the essay, “Anatomy of the Action Picture” elsewhere on for the breadwinner this site. At a lower level, we can think of the film as having midsize parts, usually called scenes or sequences . These parts, usually 30 to 50 in a modern feature, are tied together in particular ways. Typically the scenes develop and connect through short-term chains of cause and effect. Characters formulate specific plans, react to ocd case summary changing circumstances, gain or lose allies, make appointments, act under deadlines, and otherwise take specific steps toward or away from their goals.

Part of the comparative literature, screenwriter’s craft is to find ways to fit the short-term actions into the overarching movement toward resolution. In National Treasure , for example, the first large-scale part consists of concrete actions that flow naturally out of the goals. To find the treasure, Ben and Riley and their opponents need the ocd case summary, map. The map is on the Declaration of Independence. Ian will try to steal it, so Ben tries to alert the british essay, FBI, but he’s considered a crank. He tries to ocd case summary get permission to look at the Declaration, but that effort fails too. So he is obliged to protect it from Ian by ict coursework, stealing it himself. This cascade of choices, actions, and ocd case study summary reactions flows logically out of his double goals: to find the treasure and to protect the Declaration. This second level of structure isn’t quite as linear as I’ve made it out, since well-constructed plots interweave various elements from earlier scenes into the development of later scenes. Appointments and deadlines illustrate this strategy.

So does a causal chain that’s left unresolved in one scene. Kristin and I have called this device the dangling cause , and a2 level it is very common in Hollywood dramaturgy. Study Summary! For example, in National Treasure , when calling on Abigail to seek permission to research personal statement examine the Declaration, Ben notices a folder advertising an archive reception. Several scenes later we learn that that reception will be the occasion on which Ben and Riley pull off their heist. Because of ocd case study this weaving of biomedical statement causes and ocd case study effects, we might best call this midlevel architecture the level of plot coherence : each scene is designed to advance the action but also to develop or tie off lines of activity set off earlier. A third, still finer-grained level of organization is what I’ll call microstructure . Essay Questions For The! This is the tangible, moment-by-moment texture, conceived as a pattern of images and sounds. For example, within a scene, we often find patterns of study summary cuttingan establishing shot, reverse angles, close-ups, and so onmeshed with the essay breadwinner, developing dialogue. The audiovisual patterning carries the story along bit by bit, and these bits we take in and assemble into larger patterns of intelligibility, such as Ben and Riley fail to persuade Abigail to let them study the Declaration . Likewise, in action sequences, cutting, composition, point of view, sound-image interaction, and the like carry the discrete developments of the action, which we intuitively pull into a larger unit, such as Ben, Riley, and Abigail escape Ian and ocd case summary keep custody of the Declaration . Global macrostructure, midlevel plot coherence, and audiovisual texture or microstructure: we can study a film’s narrative at any of these levels.

Usually we hop back and forth among them, searching for patterns that yield significant effects on the viewer’s experience. I’ll try to convince you that transitions play an important role in those patterns. Most scene transitions facilitate the comparative review essays, first and second levels of unity. Ocd Case Study! In many films, a fade-out marks the end a discrete “act.” At the midrange level of a2 level coherence, the ocd case summary, end of one scene and literature the beginning of another will often be marked in a conventional way, by a disjunctive cut or a burst of music. Usually, however, the immediate blow-by-blow action of scene A and its audiovisual texture aren’t linked directly to that of study summary Scene B. Take an example from National Treasure . Kicked out by the FBI, Riley says that they have no one to british essay turn to, but Ben says that they need someone who’s “passionate.” Cut to the exterior of the National Archives building, then a close-up of the flyer for the gala that will be so important in study summary, the second part. After several more shots, Ben and Riley are ushered in to meet Abigail. The first part of the scene has left the causal line of the men’s search dangling in order to wedge in the motif of the reception brochure. British Essay! Now their hunt for a helper resumes.

But suppose things were presented differently. Summary! Suppose that after Ben says they need someone passionate, we cut directly to the close-up of Abigail on the phone. That would be an example of the sort of transition that most interests me in this essay: The hook. In our book The Classical Hollywood Cinema , we called it that, and nowadays some screenwriters use the term too. 1 Here the comparative literature, audiovisual texture links a specific causal element the end of summary one scene to that at ict coursework, the very start of the next. The second, in a concrete way, completes the element we see or hear at the end of the first scene. At a later point in National Treasure , driving away from the scene of their robbery, Ben mentions the clues in “those letters.” “What letters?” asks Abigail, over a shot of the van. Cut to an extreme long shot of the van parked, Ben pacing outside it. Abigail is saying, “You have the original Constance Dogood letters.” Scene A ends with a question; scene B opens with the answer.

This is a common way a hook is used, though we’ll see that principles of continuity or contrast can work as well. But first, let’s map the ocd case summary, possibilities. Confining ourselves for the moment to sound cinema, we can ask: What can hook to what? There are four simple possibilities. 1.) A sound can hook to a2 level another sound. Typically, a line of dialogue at the end of scene A links directly to a line at the start of scene B. That’s what happens in the Constance Dogood instance. Here’s another example from study, National Treasure . Riley is insisting that the Declaration is impossible to steal. Netherlands! On the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, he says, “Let me prove it to you.” Cut to the dome of the Library of Congress.

At the visual level, this might seem not to be a tight link; isn’t it like the exterior shot of the National Archives in ocd case, the default example? What creates the hook is the essays netherlands, second shot’s use of ocd case Riley’s voice, which says that he has brought Ben to the Library of Congress to convince him to “listen to Riley.” This is the proof he proffered in comparative literature review essays, his final line of the previous scene. So this first type of hook is easy to ocd case study test for. Just ask: Would it work on radio? 2.) A sound can hook to an image. Usually the sound is a line of dialogue. In CHC , we called this a “dialogue hook.” Lewis Herman, in his indispensable book on screenwriting, calls it a “dialogue transition.” 2.

This is the most common sort of hook in National Treasure , and it provides some clever transitions. When Ben and Abigail are trying to bring out the cipher on the back of the Declaration, they squeeze on lemon juice and blow fervently on the paper. The image clarifies. Ben: “We need more juice.” Abigail: “We need more heat.” Cut to a bowl of lemons, then to a drawer opening to reveal a hair dryer.

Ben and Abigail proceed to coax the code out of the paper. This is a double dialogue hook, “juice” answered by the lemons and “heat” answered by british essay, the dryer. The double entendre adds a nice twist, for the scene captures the study summary, erotic energyjuice and heatBen and Abigail share in making a historical discovery. 3.) An image can hook to an image. This is rarer than the questions for the breadwinner, first two types, but the first hook in National Treasure illustrates the ocd case, possibility. Questions! In the prologue, as a boy Ben learns of the Templars’ treasure from his grandfather. Study! Grandpa Gates asks him to take on british essay the duty of ocd case summary protecting the essay, treasure and the family name. Summary! “I so swear.” The young Ben raises his head as the music starts to rise as well. Cut to Ben, now a man, raising his head as he and Ian drive across the biomedical research, arctic wastes to study summary find the buried ship, the british essay, Charlotte . The match-on-action across years is driven home by a rhythmic shift in the score and a new, urgent brass theme.

The image-based hook is somewhat more common in the 1920s and 1930s, I think. Ozu uses it a lot, and here is an example from Fritz Lang’s You Only Live Once (1937). We dissolve from a cluster of study summary parcels in an office to the same parcels, now opened at home. Lang, as we’ll see below, is one of the essays, early masters of the hook. 4.) An image can hook to ocd case study summary a sound. This seems to essays netherlands be the rarest sort of ocd case study audiovisual transition, and ict coursework pure examples are hard to find. Imagine a shot of a commander signing an ocd case summary, order for a prisoner to be shot by a firing squad. Cut to darkness and the sound of a fusillade; fade up to show the prisoner lying dead against biomedical personal, the wall. I don’t find an ocd case summary, instance in National Treasure , but Kristin suggests one example from Groundhog Day . Phil the weatherman has already been through one day’s repetition of events. He tests whether tomorrow will be the same by breaking a pencil and putting the pieces on his bedside table. He lies there propped up and watching the digital clock face.

He evidently intends to stay up all night to see what happens around six o’clock. Cut to an extreme close-up of the clock face changing to 6:00 and the tune, “I’ve Got You Babe.” Cut to Phil, who has fallen asleep, snapping bolt upright. Although the shot of the clock indicates a new scene, the basic logic of the british essay, transition moves us from an image posing a question to a crucial sound that answers the question. After all, 6:00 AM comes every day, but “I’ve Got You Babe” doesn’t, thankfully. Director Harold Ramis could just as easily have cut to a black frame and simply let us hear the tune, and we’d know that Phil’s fears are now confirmed. Interestingly, we don’t see the pencil at ocd case study summary, first; it’s the sound that tells us that the day is repeated, and the restored pencil confirms it. Playing games and finding functions.

This catalogue is merely a first effort to pick out the general characteristics, possibilities. But we need to recognize that the hook need not be literal or on the nose. It can be ironic or nugatory, metaphorical or misleading. We find a deflationary negative hook in study summary, one episode of The Simpsons . Homer: “I predict that this is the ict coursework, last we’ll be hearing about prohibition.” Cut to enraged women chanting: “We want prohibition!” National Treasure creates a playful narration by means of some misleading hooks. Riley is parked outside the National Archives, checking on some video installations he’s made that will monitor Ben’s theft. When he finds they work, he says, “Game on.” Cut to a digital readout counting down from 3 to End . A timer in his equipment? Nope; a microwave oven in which Ben is study preparing lasagna before he settles down to studying plans. What we took as a continuity cut within a scene was a hook between scenes. A similar effect arises in for the breadwinner, a transition from Donnie Brasco , pointed out by Jeff Smith.

Lefty is headed out of his apartment, knowing he’ll be killed. Cut to a black frame. Over the black frame we hear a gunshot. Cut to ocd case study a target on a shooting range, then to Donnie firing. It’s a rare case of an what of mercantilism, image/sound hook, but it’s made ambiguous by the two ways we can take the pistol shot.

The sound of the study summary, shot indicates Lefty’s death, although it is retrospectively linked to the firing range (it sounds the same as the other rounds Donnie fires). Metaphorically, of course, it underscores the fact that Donnie is a2 level responsible for Lefty’s death. And hooks can be combined and embedded. We’ve already seen one instance in National Treasure , the double hook on ocd case summary juice and heat. Here’s another from the ict coursework, same movie.

Sadusky, the FBI officer, is questioning Ben’s father and study summary assures him, “Don’t worry, Mr. Gates. We’ll find your carand your son.” Cut to the Cadillac hood ornament, and essays tilt up to summary show Ben driving. The two dialogue elements, car and son, have been linked to the visual ones, and in that order. With the redundancy characteristic of Hollywood, Riley, dozing in the back seat, murmurs, “Your dad’s got a sweet ride.” We’ll consider some other complicated cases later, but we should have enough examples to begin to ask about british essay functions. What purposes are fulfilled by the hook?

Why should we have the study summary, hook at all? Lang, who used sound/sound hooks extensively in M (1931), explained two reasons behind his choice. What Characteristics Of Mercantilism! First, breaking off a line and completing it with another in the next scene “not only accelerates the tempo of the film but also strengthens the dramaturgically necessary association of ocd case study thoughts between two successive scenes.” 3 So we gain pacing, an impression of rapid narration, as if there were no time wasted on establishing shots and other padding. We also gain emphasis: the core motifs of a scene can be brought directly to the viewer’s attention. In many cases, however, this second condition isn’t met; in comparative literature review, many of the National Treasure examples, the study, hooking elements are peripheral to the scene (the lasagna, the Cadillac).

An implication of Lang’s point is british essay that hooks create a more overt narration. They address the audience more or less directly, letting us put the scenes together without benefit of summary character exposition. Essay Questions For The! This sort of direct address can work in ocd case summary, classical films because the beginnings and endings of scenes are typically the biomedical personal statement, most overt portions. (Some theorists have claimed that Hollywood storytelling is “transparent,” but this quality actually fluctuates across the film and across individual scenes.) This overt narration can build up a sense of cleverness or resourcefulness or sophistication. In some of the more complex cases, the hook also functions as useful disorientation. It provides a bump, asking us to be alert and ocd case study find a fresh way to fit together what was just said or shown. One of the most interesting functions of the hook is that the strong audiovisual cohesion it yields can give the impression of british essay a tightly unified film. Ocd Case Summary! This could be valuable in the case of a movie that lacked plot coherence or a balanced macrostructure. That is, clever hooks can mask a weakly plotted movie. Essays Netherlands! You might argue that the strong local connections among scenes in study summary, National Treasure distract us from the massive improbabilities of the review essays, action. Most rarely, I think, reliance on hook-transitions can feed into a larger strategy of narrational manipulation. The key example would be, again, You Only Live Once . I must speak generally so as not to spoil the film if you haven’t seen it.

Here the hooks are part of a larger system of ellipses between scenes. At first those ellipses don’t conceal important story information, but at a crucial point they do. Ocd Case Summary! Lang trains us to see the hooks as innocent, if flamboyant, gestures, but in fact they lull us into trusting this narration, which brutally betrays us. Where, finally, did the hook come from? We can find it in literature, although exact analogies are complicated.

Certainly hooks are common in british essay, today’s popular fiction; I append some examples at the end of this essay. Study Summary! But did the device originate in the nineteenth-century novel? I leave that for literary researchers to determine. In cinema, it’s clearly a device of classical filmmaking. It flourished in the 1930s, not only in You Only Live Once but in Penthouse (1933) and The Case of the Lucky Legs (1935; discussed in The Classical Hollywood Cinema ). It can be seen in Hitchcock’s The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934) as well, and of course Welles makes much of hook tactics in what he called the “lightning mixes” of Citizen Kane (1941). How far back can we trace it? Noël Burch argues that Lang in effect invents the hook in Dr. Mabuse der Spieler (1922), especially in the way that intertitles work with the images that precede and follow them. 4 When the biomedical research personal, police inspector von Wenk speculates that all the mysterious men might be the same person, we cut to Mabuse in his laboratory; the summary, shot confirms von Wenk’s hypothesis. But we ought to note that the “hooking” transitions in Mabuse tend to occur not between scenes but between two crosscut threads of a single long sequence.

Silent films were typically built out of long sequences, often crosscut ones that trace parallel lines of action. When talkies came in, sequences grew shorter and more numerous, and crosscutting was chiefly assigned to situations of suspense. In any case, before Mabuse , other films were using the sort of hooks that Lang did. For instance, in The Penalty (1920), the essays, cops discuss Blizzard, the gangster played by Lon Chaney, and the dialogue hooks are aligned with shots identifying him. Other examples can be found in study summary, The Whispering Chorus (1919) and what A Delicious Little Devil (1919).

Granted, these passages are not quite as crisp and ocd case summary curt as Lang’s juxtapositions, but they might be considered intermediate steps toward what Lang would do. In the Penalty passage, it isn’t difficult to see that you could cut straight from the dialogue title to a close shot of Blizzard interrogating his minion. Changes in stylistic history can arise from tightening up a schema, making it less redundant. Lang applied the general of mercantilism, tighter version to M , and it’s likely that that film was influential in popularizing these practices for Hollywood in the 1930s. Filmmakers of the sound era started to take audiovisual texture very seriously, and ocd case study summary as scenes became shorter, cohesion tactics became more valuable. Hooks are today written into the script, even if they aren’t used or are replaced by different ones. 5 A remark of biomedical personal Elmore Leonard’s about writing screenplays confirms the importance of transitions in modern cinema. Ocd Case! “I like to add scenes, but then when it comes to the transitions you’re in big trouble. You can’t just stick a scene in because you feel like it.” 6. Because the hook is a classical device, we might be inclined to expect that other traditions don’t make use of comparative essays it. This belief isn’t wholly wrong.

Maurice Pialat asked a would-be editor: “Do you like films in which the guy says, ‘Let’s go to the sea,’ and the next scene is on ocd case summary the seashore?” 7. It isn’t hard to find films outside the mainstream that deny us such hooks. A notable example is Michael Haneke’s 71 Fragments of a2 level ict coursework a Chronology of Chance (1994), in which each scene is separated off from the others by black leader and silence, refusing the ocd case study, forward tug of the action. But more interestingly, we find that “art movies” use hooks too. Bresson does it in essays netherlands, an effort to be laconic. At the beginning of Au hasard Balthazar (1966), Marie’s father refuses to buy the donkey, but in the next shot we see him leading it off. Hooks can also be comic, as in Tsai Ming-liang’s What Time Is It There? (2001). What we get is study summary a process not of simple refusal but of borrowing and transformation, schema and revision.

A lot of art cinema takes Hollywood devices and british essay repurposes them. This isn’t to ocd case study summary say that classically constructed films don’t revise their inherited devices too. This can sometimes occur in those virtuoso moments so beloved of contemporary Hollywood. Ict Coursework! One last time, consider National Treasure . Ben, Riley, and Abigail are in a mall shop when they realize the import of a clue issuing from the Declaration. It steers them to the clock tower on Independence Hall, which is represented on ocd case the hundred-dollar bill. Research Personal Statement! Ben realizes that the clock and the time indicated on it point to ocd case summary the next clue in the hunt.

But today, they believe, the biomedical research personal statement, appointed hour has passed. But Riley reminds them that daylight savings time began after the revolutionary period, so as per summary, the clue’s dictates, they have an extra hour today. The couple rush off and call out the name of the man who first suggested daylight savings time: “Benjamin Franklin!” Cut to Ian, offering a hundred-dollar bill to the little boy who had helped Riley crack the clue leading to Independence Hall. In a movie that relies so heavily on hooks, this transition intertwines them in felicitous ways. Essays! The mall scene ends with Ben and Abigail calling out ocd case study Franklin’s name. Comparative Review! This is an oblique sound/ image hook to study summary the second shot in the following scene, when a reverse angle picks up the biomedical research personal, bill and summary Franklin’s portrait on it. It’s not irrelevant that our hero’s full name is Benjamin Franklin Gates. Even more subtly, earlier in the first scene, Ben’s optical point-of-view shot underscored the clock motif as he began to understand the clue. (The framing of Ben and the bill will be mirrored by essays, a reverse shot of Ian, his adversary.) The clock motif is picked up in the initial shot of the following scene, as the little boy examines the bill. But Ian is blind to the significance of the clock that is literally staring him in the face.

He will soon have to resort to the duffer historian’s tool, a Yahoo! search. As a storytelling device, the study, hook affects both narrative design and research stylistic patterning. Studying it helps us grasp some basic mechanics of classical storytelling. Just as important, these devices display tacit knowledge and decisions on ocd case the part of filmmakers, who adapt traditions to are some general the needs at hand. And filmmakers’ tacit knowledge corresponds to that of audiences, the ocd case study, skills you and I exercise unawares. We can follow the corrugations of sound/ image organization because we know about the world outside cinema, we know how conventions reshape that world, and we’re alert for narrative and audiovisual organization. Analyzing how movies are put together helps us understand how we experience them. Appendix: The hook in essay breadwinner, literary texts. George Pelecanos, The Night Gardener (New York: Little, Brown, 2006).

Scene change within Chapter Twenty-Five, p. 231: “Let’s get a beer or something,” said Holiday. “Drop me at my car,” said Ramone. “C’mon, Ramone. How often do we see each other? Right?” Ramone looked over the bench at Cook. He seemed small, leaning against the door in the front seat of the car. Ramone was finishing his third beer as Holiday returned from the bar with three more and some shots of ocd case study summary something on a tray. Elmore Leonard, Unknown Man #89 (New York: Harper, 2002). End of Chapter 12, p. 144:

Ryan saw the manager. The manager said he had just talked to the police. Who was this girl, anyway? What’d she do? She certainly hadn’t worked for Uncle Ben.

Maybe not, but for some reason she had used the address. She was around, somewhere. That was on a Monday. Chapter 13[p. 145]: Wednesday afternoon, Ryan was sitting in netherlands, a bar on Saginaw Street in Pontiac. Ian Rankin, The Naming of the Dead (New York: Little, Brown, 2007). Scene change within Chapter 3, p. 62:

Rebus finished the call, decided to ocd case summary check for messages. There was only the netherlands, one. Steelforth’s voice had gotten just a dozen words out before Rebus cut it off. The unfinished threat echoed in his head as he crossed to the stereo and filled the room with the Groundhogs. Don’t ever try to ocd case outsmart me, Rebus, or I’ll “break most of the major bones,” Professor Gates was saying. He gave a shrug. “Fall like that, what else can you expect?” 3 : “Fritz Lang on essays netherlands M: An Interview,” Criterion DVD booklet for study M (1998), trans. from Gero Gandert interview in Fritz Lang: M-Protokoll (Hamburg: Marion von Schroeder, 1963). 4 : Burch discusses these matters in several places. General Characteristics Of Mercantilism! See “Fritz Lang: German Period,” In and summary Out of Synch: The awakening of a Ciné-Dreamer (Aldershot, England: Scolar, 1991), 331; “Notes on Fritz Lang’s first Mabuse ,” In and Out of Synch , 205227; and “De ‘Mabuse’ à ‘M’: Le travail de Fritz Lang,” in Cinéma: Théories, lectures , ed. Questions! Dominique Noguez (Paris: Klincksieck, 1973), 227248.

5 : A late script draft of ocd case National Treasure , dated 9 April 2003 by Cormac and Marianne Wibberley, includes some intriguing hooks that were not used in the final film. have comments about the state of this website? go here.

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