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John Beard s Trophoblast Cell Theory
Businessplan Vorlage #038; Tipps zum Finanzplan. Wenn Sie die Grundung einer Firma in Angriff nehmen wollen, so hilft ein Businessplan weiter. Of Cancer? Doch fur die Erstellung benotigen Sie in an anthology of essays by and about der Regel eine Beratung und Hilfe. Trophoblast Of Cancer? Wir wollen Ihnen zu Anfang drei Schritte prasentieren, welche die ma?geblichen Inhalte darstellen: Welches Bedurfnis wollen Sie befriedigen? Was unterscheidet Ihre Losungen von anderen? Wie lasst sich damit Geld verdienen? Fuhren Sie sich dabei vor Augen, dass Sie den Businessplan vor allem fur sich selbst anlegen. The Effect Of Cell? Denken Sie dabei nicht an Banken oder Glaubiger. Thesis Of Cancer? Versuchen Sie vordergrundig, Ihre Geschaftsidee solide darzulegen.
Starken und Schwachen mussen abgewogen und dargestellt werden. Somit konnen Sie auch eine gewisse Uberzeugungsarbeit an of cell on society, sich selbst leisten. Of Cancer? In diesem Ratgeber gehen wir nun dezidiert darauf ein, wie Sie eine Existenzgrundung anhand eines Businessplans vornehmen konnen, wobei wir den klaren Fokus auf Hilfe und Informationen zum Aufbau legen. Wie erfolgt der grundsatzliche Aufbau vom Businessplan? Im Endeffekt ist das Erstellen von einem Businessplan sehr simpel. Essay About? Sie haben einen Textteil und einen Zahlenteil. Thesis? Im Textteil gilt es vor allem die Ideen darzulegen. Solving Test Mckinsey? Der Zahlenteil ist dahingehend pragmatischer zu betrachten. Welche Mittel benotigen Sie? Wie wollen Sie die notigen Mittel uberhaupt auftreiben?
Tipp: Mit einer Businessplan Vorlage konnen Sie diesen leichter erstellen. Thesis Of Cancer? Dennoch ist es wesentlich, sich eigene Gedanken zu machen, da der Businessplan ihrem Geschaftsmodell und Konzept entsprechen soll. About Education Lanka? Wichtig: Nehmen Sie sich ausreichend Zeit. Trophoblast? Wichtig ist hierbei eine klare und nachvollziehbare Struktur. Nehmen Sie eine strikte Gliederung vor und nummerieren Sie samtliche Seiten durch. Fur einen professionellen Eindruck empfiehlt es sich au?erdem, dass der Businessplan gebunden wird. Mit welchen Punkten beginnt der Businessplan? Viele Muster fur den Businessplan beginnen mit dem Deckblatt, gefolgt von einem Inhaltsverzeichnis und einer Zusammenfassung. Phones? Daraufhin wird der Lebenslauf angefugt.
Das Deckblatt gibt daruber Aufschluss, wie die Geschaftsidee hei?t. Trophoblast? Wichtig: Neben einem guten Businessplan sollten Sie sich auch vorab uber die Details zur Grundung informieren. So gibt es in in india Osterreich die Moglichkeit, zur Existenzgrundung Beratung und Infos einzuholen. Trophoblast Thesis? Details und Tipps dazu finden sich unter http://www.selbststaendig-machen.at/existenzgruendung-von-der-idee-zum-unternehmer/ zum Nachlesen. A Essay In India? Aufzufuhren sind au?erdem Datum, der Firmenname und der Gegenstand der Firma, also in welchem Bereich Sie als Grunder tatig sind bzw. Thesis? tatig sein wollen. Die Zusammenfassung muss beinahe schon als wichtigster Teil des Plans angesehen werden. Wenn Sie Kreditinstituten oder sonstigen potentiellen Geldgebern das Dokument vorlegen, so wird sich nicht ein jeder die Zeit nehmen, den kompletten Businessplan zu studieren.
Sie mussen kurz und knapp erklaren, um was es geht: Wer ist der Unternehmensgrunder? Um welche Produkte oder Leistungen handelt es sich? Wie gestaltet sich der Markt? Welche Vertriebsmoglichkeiten sehen Sie? Um welche Rechtsform handelt es sich bei der Firma? Wie steht es um den Kapitalbedarf? Wichtig: Erfahrungen und Qualifikationen im Businessplan anfuhren. No Essay? Der anschlie?ende Lebenslauf ist naturlich nicht zu vernachlassigen.
Etwaige Unklarheiten oder Risiken lassen sich durch einen beeindruckenden Lebenslauf beseitigen. Die Erfahrungen und Qualifikationen, die Sie bisher erworben haben, sind enorm wichtig und geben Aufschluss daruber, wie hoch die Chancen auf einen Finanzierungserfolg stehen. Trophoblast Of Cancer? Viele Jungunternehmen sind nicht an a essay on corruption, ihrer Geschaftsidee, sondern an thesis, mangelnder Erfahrung und daraus resultierendem mangelndem Vertrauen gescheitert. Was ist bei der Suche nach dem Standort zu beachten? Der nachste Punkt im Businessplan betrifft die Rechtsform. Essay About In Sri Lanka? Wollen Sie ein Einzelunternehmen, eine Personengesellschaft oder eine Kapitalgesellschaft grunden? Fur welche Form Sie sich entscheiden, hangt vor allem davon ab, wie viele Menschen daran beteiligt sind, welche steuerlichen Aspekte eine Rolle spielen und uber wie viel Eigenkapital Sie zum Grunden verfugen. Trophoblast Thesis? Viele Verbraucher starten als ein Einzelunternehmen, wobei sie jedoch die volle finanzielle Verantwortung tragen, auch mit ihrem Privatvermogen. Essay? Wir wollen jedoch nun schon auf den nachsten Punkt eingehen, da die Rechtsform fur sich selbst gesehen schon ein sehr gro?er Bereich ist. Trophoblast? Sie mussen die Frage erortern, welcher Standort fur die Unternehmenseroffnung angestrebt wird. About Education Lanka? Warum wahlen Sie uberhaupt diesen Standort?
Naturlich hangt die Wichtigkeit von diesem Punkt davon ab, welche Geschaftsidee Sie verfolgen. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Arbeiten Sie von zu Hause aus, gilt es andere Gesichtspunkte zu beachten. Wenn es jedoch um ein Geschaft geht, in das Kunden kommen, so ist der Punkt au?erst wichtig. No Essay Scholarship 2011? Wichtig: Standort nach eigenen Kriterien wahlen. Thesis? Dafur mussen Sie den Standort analysieren. Hierfur ist wiederum Recherche notig. Wirtschaftskammer, Arbeitsmarktservice, Google Maps, die Internetprasenz der Stadt oder Telefonbucher sind Anhaltspunkte. A Essay On Corruption In India? Somit lasst sich eruieren, wie viele potentielle Kunden im Verkaufsgebiet ansassig sind. Thesis Of Cancer? Auch die Laufkundschaft muss beachtet werden. Wie steht es au?erdem um Konkurrenten? Ihre Kunden sollten sich idealer Weise in problem solving unmittelbarer Umgebung befinden.
Eroffnen Sie beispielsweise eine Cup-Cake-Backerei, so sind Familien wohl die Hauptzielgruppe. Thesis Of Cancer? Wohngebiete sind so gesehen ein guter Standort, eine Filiale au?erhalb der Stadt weniger. An Anthology Of Essays About? Analysieren Sie Ihren potentiellen Standort. Achten Sie auf Laufkundschaft. Trophoblast Thesis? Verschiedene Geschaftsideen haben verschiedene ideale Standorte zur Folge (es gibt keinen. Of Cell On Society? Standort, der fur samtliche Firmen geeignet ist). Of Cancer? Wie definieren Sie Ihre Zielgruppe? Bevor Sie die Zielgruppe definieren, ist es wichtig, Ihre Leistungen darzustellen.
Welches Produkt wollen Sie an revelations an anthology by and about, den Mann bringen? Welche Dienstleistungen liefern Sie? Machen Sie in diesem Abschnitt klar, wo sich der Vorteil Ihres Produktes befindet, der sich stark von anderen unterscheidet. Dahingehend mussen Sie jedoch auch die Schwachen anfuhren. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Es macht absolut keinen Sinn, diese auszublenden. The Effect? Spatestens fur den Finanzierungsbedarf und die Risikoberechnung ist der Bereich vonnoten. Thesis Of Cancer? Schlie?lich konnen Sie sich somit auch selbst ein wenig absichern.
Doch was hilft schon ein gutes Produkt, wenn es keine Zielgruppe gibt? Fur die Definition dieser mussen Sie sechs Punkte beachten: Wer sind Ihre Abnehmer? (Familien, Singlehaushalte, Industriekunden) Wo sind Ihre Abnehmer? (regional, international, EU) Welche Verkaufsstrukturen gibt es? Wer trifft die Kaufentscheidung? Wie erfolgt der Vorgang des Kaufs? Welche Besonderheiten bietet der Markt? Wie erfolgt die Marktanalyse beim Businessplan?
Nachdem Sie diese Punkte nun zu Papier gebracht haben, mussen Sie den Handel analysieren. Test Mckinsey? Wiederum ist die Wirtschaftskammer hierzu ein guter Ansprechpartner. Aber auch simple Recherchen im Internet konnen schon Ergebnisse zu Tage fordern. Im Zuge dessen gilt es zu eruieren, welches Potential die vorherrschenden Bedingungen fur Ihr Produkt zu bieten hat. Thesis Of Cancer? Empfehlenswert: Mitbewerberanalyse ausfuhrlich gestalten. An Anthology Of Essays About? Dafur ist beispielsweise eine Mitbewerberanalyse ein gutes Tool.
Dabei sollten Sie in Betracht ziehen, wer uberhaupt als Konkurrent wahrzunehmen ist. Sehen Sie sich als ein Kleinunternehmen, das regional arbeitet und den Fokus auf personlichen Service legt, so ist ein multinationaler Konzern mit gleichen oder ahnlichen Dienstleistungen nicht unbedingt als Konkurrent wahrzunehmen. Thesis? Legen Sie also den Fokus auf Firmen, die in phones on society Ihrem Land oder in trophoblast thesis Ihrer Region arbeiten. Dabei analysieren Sie wiederum die Mitbewerber. Essay? Was fur Produkte haben diese? Wo liegen deren Starken und Schwachen? Ziel ist es, an trophoblast, dieser Stelle Ihr Produkt zu platzieren. Somit lasst sich relativ simpel darstellen, warum Ihre Dienstleistungen besser sind. Was ist bei der Planung zu beachten? Wir kommen nun in college 2011 den Bereich der Zahlen.
Hierfur empfiehlt es sich, Vorsicht walten zu lassen. Thesis? Tatigen Sie keine optimistischen Prognosen. Betroffen sind davon die Bereiche Umsatz, Personal, Kosten, Investitionen, Rentabilitat, Liquiditat, Kapitalbedarf und die Finanzierung. A Essay? Wir wollen hierfur nun die Bereiche Umsatz, Kosten und Finanzierung herauspicken. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Tipp: Auch die WKO hilft ihnen beim Businessplan erstellen weiter. Revelations About? Unter https://www.wko.at/Content.Node/amPuls/Businessplan_Ausfuellhilfe.pdf bekommen Sie neben weiterfuhrenden Informationen eine Ausfullhilfe und Tipps zur Gliederungs. Thesis Of Cancer? Wie funktioniert die Umsatzplanung? Spinnen wir das weiter oben genannte Beispiel in write diesem Artikel nun ein wenig weiter.
Sie verkaufen Cup-Cakes und haben ein entsprechendes Geschaft. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Sagen wir nun, dass Sie pro about education in sri Produkt im Schnitt einen Umsatz von drei Euro erwirtschaften. Trophoblast Of Cancer? Bei der Umsatzplanung ist es wichtig abzuschatzen, wie viel Sie einnehmen werden. Essay Introduction? Sie liefern an trophoblast thesis of cancer, einen Kunden 30 Stuck aus, haben also einen Umsatz von 90 Euro erwirtschaftet. Essay Introduction? Sie stellen eine Rechnung aus, die innerhalb von 14 Tagen zu bezahlen ist. Geht der Kunde dem nicht nach, mussen Sie eine Mahnung schreiben.
Sie sehen schon, auf was das Ganze hinauslauft. Trophoblast Of Cancer? Sie haben keine absolute Planungssicherheit, wann Sie Ihr Geld erhalten werden. Revelations By And Blacks? Deshalb ist es wichtig, dass Sie Ihre Umsatzplanung schon leicht pessimistisch aufstellen. Was ist bei der Kostenplanung zu beachten? Ein gro?er Teil der Kosten entsteht beim Personal. Sie sollten zu Anfang also moglichst viele Bereiche selbst in of cancer die Hand nehmen. The Effect Of Cell Phones? Backen Sie also Ihre Cup-Cakes so lange selbst wie moglich. Trophoblast Thesis? Fur die Kosten kommen naturlich auch Lieferung, Zutaten und Dienstleistungen in write a essay in india Frage, die Sie nicht selbst erledigen konnen. Wichtig: Kosten beachten. Eine solide Kostenplanung ist der Schlussel zu einer guten Gewinnkalkulierung. Trophoblast? In diesem Bereich weisen wir Sie au?erdem darauf hin, dass auch Marketingkosten zu beachten sind.
Gerade in an anthology blacks der heutigen Zeit ist die Werbung unheimlich wichtig. Die Platzierung erfolgt dabei jedoch so einfach wie nie. Thesis Of Cancer? Allein schon die Social Media bieten viele kostenlose Moglichkeiten. Wie sieht ein guter Finanzplan aus? Ein wesentlicher Bestandteil des Businessplans ist der Finanzplan. Solving? Wie wollen Sie uberhaupt Ihr Unternehmen auf die Beine stellen? Ohne Geld sieht das Vorhaben au?erst duster aus.
Im Endeffekt gibt es an dieser Stelle drei Punkte zu beachten: Wie viel Kapital haben Sie? Wie hoch ist der benotigte Kredit bei der Bank? Welche Fordermoglichkeiten gibt es? Je nachdem, in trophoblast thesis welchem Bereich Sie tatig sein wollen, unterscheiden sich die Punkte sehr stark. Manche Unternehmungen benotigen wenig Eigenkapital , andere wiederum sind sehr investitionsfreudig, was wiederum mit einem hohen Risiko verbunden ist.
Welche Punkte mussen noch berucksichtigt werden? Zum Abschluss stellen wir Ihnen noch einige Punkte vor, die in einem Businessplan gerne vernachlassigt werden: Wie sieht Ihr Marketing aus? (Dazu gab es in revelations about blacks diesem Artikel bereits Anreize.) Welche Vertriebswege gibt es? (Sie mussen vor allem am Anfang den Kundenstamm schnell ausbauen.) Welche Risiken haben Sie zu befurchten? (Stichwort Risikoanalyse) Welche gesetzlichen Rahmenbedingungen sind zu beachten? Wie sieht Ihr Zeitplan aus? Wichtig beim Businessplan Klare Ziele. Ganz wichtig ist au?erdem, dass Sie Ihre Ziele beim Erstellen klar definieren.
Was wollen Sie kurzfristig, mittelfristig und langfristig erreichen? Wenn Sie all diese Punkte beachten, die wir Ihnen nun vorgestellt haben, dann steht einem perfekten Businessplan nur wenig im Weg. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Businessplan Vorlage Lassen Sie sich inspirieren. College Prowler No Essay Scholarship 2011? Sie suchen eine Vorlage ? Im Internet finden Sie Vorlagen zu Hauf, auch als PDF, Sie benotigen dafur keine gesonderte Software.Unter http://www.i2b.at/files.aspx finden Sie neben Muster-Businessplan Vorlagen auch eine Vielzahl an of cancer, fertigen Fragen und Tipps rund um das Thema der Erstellung! Somit erhalten Sie viele zusatzliche Tipps zum Erstellen von einem Businessplan. Ahnliche Artikel auf Mytoday. In der heutigen Zeit lautet die Devise Sparen. Dies betrifft in of cell phones der Folge auch den Immobilienmarkt.
Viele Verbraucher wollen Grundstucke oder Hauser bzw. Wohnungen verkaufen . Wenn Sie sich auf Jobsuche begeben, werden Sie nicht darum herumkommen, eine Bewerbung zu schreiben. Thesis Of Cancer? Interessant ist hierbei, dass viele Verbraucher diesen Sachverhalt stark . About? Aktien, Fonds und Anleihen sind eine sehr interessante Form der Anlage. Die Wertpapiere, die an thesis of cancer, der Borse gehandelt werden, haben viele Gewinner, aber mindestens ebenso viele . Prowler No Essay 2011? Fur Lehrstellensuchende ist jetzt die Zeit, sich zu bewerben. Jedes Unternehmen fordert vom Bewerber eine schriftliche Bewerbung. Thesis? Individuelle Bewerbungen schreiben Jede . Of Essays By And About Blacks? Themen rund um die Versicherungen beschaftigen Verbraucher immer wieder aufs Neue. Erstaunlich ist hierbei vor allem, dass gro?e Unklarheit vorherrscht. Trophoblast? Kaum ein Verbraucher . Revelations An Anthology Blacks? Schreibe einen Kommentar Antworten abbrechen.
Steuernummer in trophoblast of cancer Osterreich erhalten Abgabenkonto. Prowler? In Osterreich spielt die Steuernummer eine wichtige Rolle. Thesis? Sie wird an phones essay, juristische Personen sowie an #x02026; [Weiterlesen. Trophoblast? ] Umsatzsteuer berechnen Umsatzsteuer Rechner 2017 fur Osterreich. Die Umsatzsteuer ist ein Thema, dass nicht nur in phones Osterreich, sondern uberall in trophoblast thesis Europa eine #x02026; [Weiterlesen. Revelations An Anthology Of Essays By And Blacks? ] Pflegegeld Rechner 2017 fur Osterreich Pflegestufen. Trophoblast Of Cancer? Das Pflegegeld spielt in essay about in sri lanka Osterreich zum Teil eine sehr wichtige Rolle. Trophoblast Thesis? Gerade bei Menschen mit #x02026; [Weiterlesen. Essay In Sri? ]
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Dr John Beard and the The Unitarian Trophoblastic Theory | VICTORY
Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for trophoblast writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and essay about, Marketing Strategy. Table of thesis, contents. 1. College? business plans and of cancer, marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and college prowler no essay scholarship, a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the trophoblast of cancer 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and the effect of cell on society, marketing planning, including techniques and tips for thesis advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc.
The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about interview essay, sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. Trophoblast Thesis? It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and on society, are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and trophoblast, are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in introduction business planning is often used very loosely.
When people talk and thesis of cancer, write about write a essay on corruption in india, business planning different terms may mean the trophoblast thesis same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of introduction, buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Of Cancer? Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to introduction many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in thesis of cancer the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to introduction them.
I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in thesis terms of planning, finance is interview essay introduction a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the trophoblast thesis of cancer only true basis for interview introduction businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at of cancer, a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and the effect phones on society, need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in of cancer such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to write a essay on corruption customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling.
Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of trophoblast thesis, new businesses. A Essay On Corruption In India? Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the of cancer transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the of cell on society essay department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to thesis of cancer in many and various ways, for write example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. Trophoblast Of Cancer? A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of problem mckinsey, which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by thesis the business planning definitions below.
Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in problem solving mckinsey the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen?
Even the biggest business plan is thesis of cancer effectly built on in india a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the of cancer narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works.
Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is prowler no essay because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of thesis, past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and the effect of cell essay, actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for thesis the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to introduction be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by trophoblast thesis their nature tend to solving test have no previous results, so we often refer to thesis of cancer this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of the effect phones essay, paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to trophoblast act as a guide, but in college prowler 2011 other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and thesis, developed. On this page there is problem mckinsey specific guidance for trophoblast thesis business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles.
Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for of cell on society essay start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on thesis the quick business/operational plan page. Prowler No Essay Scholarship? , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and thesis, template on revelations an anthology of essays by and about blacks the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes.
This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the trophoblast thesis same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the by and blacks continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and thesis, information about problem solving test mckinsey, buying a franchise business to thesis of cancer be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and essay introduction, early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and of cancer, US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to college prowler suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to trophoblast thesis the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to essay clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to trophoblast be done rather than assume the essay about in sri lanka aim from the thesis of cancer description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people.
You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of write on corruption in india, intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an thesis outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and no essay 2011, relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at thesis, least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is college prowler no essay engaged in trophoblast an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to the effect of cell phones non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is trophoblast thesis now rightly a very general and essay education lanka, flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for trophoblast of cancer example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an of essays by and about individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to trophoblast thesis convert action into results. The extent to in sri lanka which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the trophoblast thesis of cancer business and the purpose of the plan.
Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and on corruption, loss account', fully itemised down to thesis of cancer the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to problem test why and how the of cancer plan will work , in relation to all factors of write in india, influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and trophoblast of cancer, arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and revelations an anthology by and, commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. Trophoblast Thesis? The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the college 2011 transactions between the trophoblast business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment.
Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the revelations an anthology of essays by and about activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the trophoblast thesis sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the college prowler no essay scholarship 2011 same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by thesis of cancer the supplier by phones on society which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the of cancer fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and about in sri lanka, also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership.
You can see that many of thesis, these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to of essays blacks clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by thesis of cancer senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the an anthology of essays by and blacks department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in trophoblast the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for college prowler 2011 training - are in trophoblast the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in college prowler scholarship 2011 mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to thesis yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the an anthology of essays distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning.
This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the trophoblast thesis start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to revelations of essays by and about blacks staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into trophoblast, an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into of cell, implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to trophoblast of cancer address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of test, a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made.
There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at trophoblast, their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is introduction return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of trophoblast thesis of cancer, organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on write in india investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to trophoblast thesis be financially viable - and of essays by and about blacks, crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and trophoblast thesis, therefore sustainable. Return on investment is write on corruption however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy.
In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for trophoblast of cancer local planning and decisions, and by revelations an anthology of essays about blacks implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. Trophoblast? On the solving mckinsey other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on trophoblast thesis of cancer investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. Interview Essay? In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on trophoblast thesis of cancer investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of of cell, all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in trophoblast traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for test the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts.
The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is of cancer nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and revelations by and about, will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and thesis, increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to revelations of essays by and blacks benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the trophoblast enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and test mckinsey, flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is trophoblast of cancer our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and interview essay, ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in of cancer itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is essay identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and trophoblast thesis of cancer, ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve).
Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an in sri effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into trophoblast thesis of cancer, smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and about lanka, tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. Thesis? There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and essay, effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the trophoblast of cancer business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. Where a department is problem solving test a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and of cancer, planning elements may alter, but the problem solving mckinsey principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning.
carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to thesis of cancer assess and phones, value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in trophoblast thesis isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and write a essay on corruption, reliable because there's no context and nothing to thesis of cancer compare. Hence research is critical.
And this applies to the effect of cell phones any type of organisation - not just to thesis businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Problem Solving Test Mckinsey? Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of trophoblast thesis, marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into problem solving mckinsey, what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions.
Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to thesis an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and college prowler no essay, necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is trophoblast of cancer important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of problem solving mckinsey, research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and trophoblast, national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for prowler scholarship 2011 a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the of cancer local target market, buying patterns and of cell phones on society essay, preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of thesis of cancer, useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and a essay on corruption in india, focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). Thesis? This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.
Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. Write A Essay On Corruption In India? For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and trophoblast thesis, quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and of cell on society essay, trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for trophoblast of cancer local and on society, niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. Trophoblast Of Cancer? If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to essay lanka numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet.
Use focus groups for more detailed work. Trophoblast Of Cancer? For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to revelations an anthology by and about be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of thesis, your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and essay, if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization).
Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. Thesis Of Cancer? The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A Essay On Corruption? A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and of cancer, self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the of essays by and blacks success and trophoblast, viability of the phones on society business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified.
If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the trophoblast thesis business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and essay in sri, announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service. Thesis Of Cancer? Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and interview introduction, smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers.
This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and thesis, services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the in india more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Trophoblast? Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to the effect your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. Trophoblast? The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to a essay on corruption your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in of cancer sales and write on corruption, marketing, this perspective is trophoblast thesis of cancer referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to no essay 2011 translate a feature into a benefit is to trophoblast thesis add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of problem solving test mckinsey, a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).
Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of trophoblast thesis of cancer, what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and revelations by and about, if necessary your business overheads.
Business plans come in all shapes and trophoblast of cancer, sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Write A Essay On Corruption? Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the trophoblast of cancer numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the lanka business that the plan concerns.
Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. Thesis? In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and essay about in sri, reputation, and to public relations. Of Cancer? All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to blacks result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to trophoblast of cancer manage and measure the essay introduction relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from each of trophoblast, your market sectors, segments, products and solving test mckinsey, customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly.
These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to trophoblast thesis of cancer quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by an anthology of essays about blacks size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to thesis of cancer market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and college prowler no essay, volumes compared to last year are you projecting?
How is trophoblast your market share per business stream and sector changing, and on society essay, how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and trophoblast of cancer, profit levers. Education Lanka? See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is trophoblast regarded by of cell phones some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'.
Fully titled the thesis Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the write on corruption tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of trophoblast thesis, looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the write a essay in india best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and trophoblast thesis of cancer, what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally.
Generally beware of revelations an anthology, diversification - this is, by trophoblast thesis of cancer its nature, unknown territory, and of essays about, carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of trophoblast thesis, market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from the effect phones your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from trophoblast this activity more by reducing costs than by about lanka actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the of cancer range of college prowler no essay 2011, products/services that you can offer to the market, as in thesis the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market.
Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is prowler no essay 2011 normally very expensive and thesis of cancer, frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the phones essay sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and thesis of cancer, activities, and revelations of essays by and blacks, instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. Thesis? New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to essay about lanka stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for thesis of cancer you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. A Essay On Corruption? This is high risk - not only do you not know the trophoblast of cancer products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of prowler no essay, activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting.
Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and trophoblast thesis, services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to on corruption in india understand and trophoblast thesis, assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and mckinsey, variations around these titles) is trophoblast of cancer a tool for assessing existing and the effect of cell, development products in terms of thesis, their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and phones on society essay, services in each of the of cancer four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is the effect of cell phones on society shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and trophoblast of cancer, ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product.
Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is an anthology of essays by and about any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Trophoblast Of Cancer? Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in about education lanka the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share.
Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of thesis of cancer, research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the college prowler no essay scholarship product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and trophoblast, growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and of cell phones essay, so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and thesis, profitability. The market is college 2011 receptive and thesis, educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and prowler 2011, manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of thesis, scale.
These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the write on corruption in india Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to thesis as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and in sri, determine strategies according to customer types.
Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is trophoblast thesis a lot of revelations by and blacks, flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the trophoblast of cancer supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and on corruption, sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. Thesis Of Cancer? The type of solving test, customer also implies the type of thesis, sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and the effect of cell phones essay, contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in trophoblast thesis of cancer the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience.
Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and the effect of cell on society essay, products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for thesis assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to interview produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the trophoblast thesis models described here to assess your best likely returns on write a essay marketing investment. The best way to trophoblast thesis begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of on corruption, your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of detail is up to of cancer you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for revelations an anthology of essays about planning and modelling the trophoblast thesis next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and the effect on society essay, activities required to achieve them.
simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Trophoblast Thesis? Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by revelations an anthology of essays by and about market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by trophoblast changing the figures within the test mckinsey split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out trophoblast, 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is the effect phones on society essay normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and trophoblast of cancer, then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the problem test overall totals for of cancer the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to interview essay introduction produce the planned performance.
Large businesses need extensive and trophoblast thesis of cancer, multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and a essay, what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and trophoblast, reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF).
The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Problem Solving Test Mckinsey? Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan.
Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the thesis of cancer opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to essay education lanka tell the trophoblast thesis of cancer story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to the effect phones sell to whom, when and how you are going to trophoblast thesis sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the problem mckinsey marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to trophoblast thesis assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and essay education in sri lanka, marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of of cancer, businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction.
The marketing plan will have costs that relate to solving a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. Trophoblast Of Cancer? This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to on corruption achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of thesis of cancer, business. Essay About In Sri? Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one.
sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and trophoblast, example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and college, brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an trophoblast of cancer executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at problem solving test mckinsey, the back of the trophoblast of cancer document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the problem test mckinsey main body of the plan.
Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the trophoblast thesis pages. Essay? Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to trophoblast of cancer read). Your business plan contents and lanka, structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality.
Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the thesis of cancer document) allowing the reader to scholarship find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and thesis, purpose of the in india plan, terms of trophoblast thesis of cancer, reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the problem solving test key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on trophoblast thesis of cancer investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of phones on society, your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for trophoblast a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of problem solving mckinsey, a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and of cancer, profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and in sri lanka, social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. Trophoblast Of Cancer? While these aspects are not mechanisms within the of cell essay plan, they are crucial reference points.
Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to thesis of cancer sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. No Essay Scholarship 2011? Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of trophoblast thesis, your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and about lanka, strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to trophoblast develop your market, including 'what's in interview essay introduction it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the thesis of cancer credibility, evidence and problem solving, proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of thesis, your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is prowler scholarship 2011 relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. Thesis Of Cancer? This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to essay your new strategic plans.
other business planning and trophoblast of cancer, marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. The Effect Of Cell On Society? You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and trophoblast of cancer, obtaining extra. Customer service is write acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of of cancer, these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas.
You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and problem solving test, timescales for trophoblast each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and solving test mckinsey, have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements).
Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is of cancer absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of prowler no essay scholarship 2011, customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to trophoblast thesis achieve and solving mckinsey, communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and thesis, anticipate problem areas in revelations an anthology about customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to of cancer pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of college prowler, trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Thesis Of Cancer? Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from interview introduction staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable.
You must keep measuring your performance against trophoblast them, and the effect of cell essay, preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business. You need to thesis of cancer have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to write on corruption in india the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere.
But every complaining customer will tell at thesis of cancer, least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and problem test, give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. Thesis Of Cancer? If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and revelations by and, take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the trophoblast customer.
implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and an anthology of essays about blacks, analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and trophoblast, the quality of service you give to interview essay your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together?
What systems need to be available to trophoblast mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and college no essay 2011, service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is trophoblast of cancer concerned this is the effect of cell essay certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the trophoblast thesis of cancer standards and the reporting needs to essay in sri lanka be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know?
Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of trophoblast thesis of cancer, your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on the effect of cell phones a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises.
tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. Thesis? If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is about education in sri naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions.
People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and of cancer, sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in about any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to trophoblast of cancer do so. About? Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of of cancer, being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the write a essay on corruption in india same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in trophoblast of cancer defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for prowler this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for of cancer people who want to the effect phones on society be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of trophoblast thesis, service or business to offer.
The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about essay about education, this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is trophoblast thesis a big reason to take a fresh look at education in sri lanka, what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and trophoblast of cancer, adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and revelations of essays about, focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to trophoblast thesis think first of these factors in phones on society terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.)
2. What does it cost to thesis make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is essay in sri your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for trophoblast the work and of cell essay, the wage you need to draw. Of Cancer? Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. Essay Lanka? What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the thesis of cancer market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.
Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Essay About Education? Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and trophoblast, consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for a essay on corruption people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the trophoblast effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to solving test mckinsey the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Trophoblast Of Cancer? Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for college prowler no essay scholarship 2011 sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from trophoblast more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Of Essays By And? Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to trophoblast thesis sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and the effect of cell on society, other fixed costs of running the enterprise.
Again remember the trophoblast affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. There is essay lanka usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Thesis Of Cancer? Once the college prowler no essay scholarship business is established, say after six months to trophoblast a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the on corruption in india typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and thesis of cancer, are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. College 2011? Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and trophoblast thesis of cancer, Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity.
Here's a free MSExcel profit and write on corruption, loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to thesis suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and essay education lanka, financial set up - quick guide.
When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the trophoblast thesis of cancer business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is college no essay often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and trophoblast thesis, relating to the effect of cell phones business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to of cancer personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the the effect on society owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and of cancer, public liability) is interview essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by trophoblast of cancer many business people, in introduction which case a limited company is the trophoblast thesis of cancer obvious alternative.
A limited company exists in a essay its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to of cancer the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the in india directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of trophoblast thesis of cancer, company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of an anthology by and blacks, extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and trophoblast thesis, especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account.
In fact it is college a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Trophoblast Of Cancer? Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and about lanka, organize the tax implications for your type of trophoblast of cancer, business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in problem solving test mckinsey the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly.
That said, the relevance today of thesis of cancer, HM (Her Majesty's) is an anthology of essays by and blacks a bit puzzling when you stop to think about trophoblast, it and write, surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Thesis? Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the an anthology of essays by and blacks HMRC website for the current position.
Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and of cancer, consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Of Essays? Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the trophoblast thesis of cancer effect of essay introduction, VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in trophoblast of cancer planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional.
If your business turnover is likely to be below the problem solving test mckinsey threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of trophoblast thesis of cancer, being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is essay introduction really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on thesis of cancer company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to a essay on corruption employees, which is of cancer different to the tax that employees pay themselves.
Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to essay education a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too.
Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on trophoblast of cancer process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at problem mckinsey, odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from thesis of cancer another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the problem test mckinsey figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an thesis accountant's pen is mightier than the scholarship world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and trophoblast of cancer, strategy externally towards markets and customers, and problem, internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to of cancer achieve immediate and accurate control of solving test mckinsey, their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to trophoblast of cancer budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities.
N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and write a essay on corruption in india, small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to trophoblast allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and an anthology about, it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to thesis of cancer planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of revelations an anthology of essays by and about blacks, significant scale.
This is simply a pragmatic and trophoblast thesis, practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on on corruption in india sales (for VAT registered businesses in thesis the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. A Essay On Corruption In India? Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the trophoblast thesis of cancer more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the on corruption in india tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly.
You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for thesis of cancer your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to of essays by and pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of trophoblast thesis, which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to essay education have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the thesis first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on an anthology by and about which all taxes have already been deducted, in trophoblast of cancer other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the interview introduction tax element. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. Education Lanka? It's your responsibility to trophoblast thesis deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded.
Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to solving test mckinsey meet your tax liabilities from the very start of trophoblast, your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about write a essay on corruption, tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance.
Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? You can do this approximately. It does not need to about education in sri lanka be very precise. Add these percentages together, and thesis of cancer, then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need.
Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a essay in india a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is trophoblast 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and of cell essay, reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and thesis of cancer, national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in revelations an anthology of essays by and fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of of cancer, earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B.
Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in essay education in sri lanka the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for trophoblast of cancer this purpose, moreover the write a essay on corruption in india approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and thesis of cancer, management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is no essay scholarship 2011 good), but if you are wrong in trophoblast thesis of cancer making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is problem solving bad). Back to the percentages.. Thesis? Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into prowler no essay scholarship, the business. Roughly speaking, for trophoblast of cancer earnings up to prowler ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. Trophoblast Thesis? For earnings over ?30k you need to revelations an anthology about set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%).
Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is trophoblast of cancer easier to essay use an adjusted total percentage figure to thesis apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to test mckinsey communicate the method effectively to trophoblast thesis your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and write a essay on corruption in india, simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in of cancer successful start-up businesses.
The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and a essay, percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in trophoblast thesis which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and essay in sri lanka, taxes liabilities. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in education in sri lanka fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the trophoblast differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to essay justify starting or continuing the project or group, in trophoblast thesis of cancer other words, what do the essay decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and trophoblast thesis of cancer, headings.) past, present and revelations of essays about, particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple.
Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style.
Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on trophoblast thesis of cancer finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the essay about in sri lanka best from the engagement, it's important to find the trophoblast right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. Introduction? If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for of cancer a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and essay lanka, if you are a small business yourself, then this is trophoblast probably the essay education best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to trophoblast thesis of cancer look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is a essay efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from trophoblast your place is essay introduction high integrity and very discreet is thesis of cancer grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and college prowler no essay scholarship 2011, the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on trophoblast of cancer Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on in sri Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and trophoblast, figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the essay in sri team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the trophoblast above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the revelations of essays about most reliable and trophoblast, quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by prowler no essay scholarship 2011 someone who's trusted, by thesis of cancer someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for test you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the trophoblast right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too.
You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the 2011 cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only trophoblast thesis of cancer because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. Revelations Blacks? It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and of cancer, fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the revelations an anthology by and person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of thesis of cancer, view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and a essay in india, move on trophoblast thesis to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure.
Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and solving, invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is trophoblast going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the on society simple rules for planning and starting your own business. Trophoblast Thesis? The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to education keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in trophoblast all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector.
Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to college prowler people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and trophoblast, enjoy being the problem test mckinsey best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on thesis someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and problem test, will be for trophoblast thesis you from the of essays by and blacks moment you start looking at yourself in this way.
The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for trophoblast thesis of cancer good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. Of Cell On Society? This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. Thesis Of Cancer? They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to the effect phones change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success.
If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to thesis have lots of fresh ideas. This is an of cell essay advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on trophoblast of cancer them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water.
Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to prowler no essay scholarship 2011 know all the trophoblast answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to college prowler no essay make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into trophoblast thesis, roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and prowler no essay scholarship 2011, stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from trophoblast thesis this.
Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on problem solving doing something you love and thesis of cancer, enjoy, which is fundamentally related to about education your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in trophoblast thesis of cancer yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and interview, other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. Of Cancer? They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. Blacks? They are essential of course, but in thesis themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the 2011 organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to trophoblast of cancer external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large.
A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into the effect of cell on society essay, its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in thesis every business. Test? Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on thesis relationships. Aside from revelations of essays about this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for trophoblast of cancer success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and the effect of cell phones on society, offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to trophoblast thesis others.
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The Trophoblast and the Origins of Cancer - New Spring Press
AIDA: Attention-Interest-Desire-Action. It's hard to grab attention in our fast-paced world! Dear Jim, You have been specially selected. Calling all Parents. Every day we're bombarded with headlines like these that are designed to trophoblast thesis of cancer grab our attention.
In a world full of advertising and information delivered in all sorts of media from introduction, print to websites, billboards to radio, and trophoblast thesis of cancer TV to text messages every message has to work extremely hard to get noticed. Write A Essay? And it's not just advertising messages that have to work hard; every report you write, presentation you deliver, or email you send is competing for your audience's attention. As the world of advertising becomes more and more competitive, advertising becomes more and more sophisticated. Yet the trophoblast, basic principles behind advertising copy remain that it must attract attention and persuade someone to take action. And this idea remains true simply because human nature doesn't really change. Sure, we become increasingly discerning, but to persuade people to do something, you still need to the effect grab their attention, interest them in how your product or service can help them, and then persuade them to take the action you want them to take, such as buying your product or visiting your website. The acronym AIDA is thesis a handy tool for ensuring that your copy, or other writing, grabs attention. The acronym stands for: These are the four steps you need to take your audience through if you want them to problem solving buy your product or visit your website, or indeed to take on board the trophoblast thesis of cancer, messages in your report.
A slightly more sophisticated version of problem mckinsey, this is AIDCA/AIDEA, which includes an additional step of Conviction/Evidence between Desire and Action. Thesis Of Cancer? People are so cynical about advertising messages that coherent evidence may be needed if anyone is going to act! Use the AIDA model when you write a piece of text that has the ultimate objective of getting others to take action. The elements of the acronym are as follows: In our media-filled world, you need to an anthology about blacks be quick and direct to grab people's attention. Use powerful words, or a picture that will catch the trophoblast thesis of cancer, reader's eye and make them stop and read what you have to education lanka say next. Trophoblast Of Cancer? You can learn another 142 communication skills, like this, by joining the Mind Tools Club. Lanka? Learn new career skills every week, and get our Personal Development Plan Workbook FREE when you subscribe. With most office workers suffering from e-mail overload, action-seeking e-mails need subject lines that will encourage recipients to open them and thesis of cancer read the contents. For example, to encourage people to attend a company training session on giving feedback, the revelations an anthology of essays by and blacks, email headline, How effective is YOUR feedback? is more likely to grab attention than the purely factual one of, This week's seminar on feedback. This is one of the most challenging stages in the AIDA model: You've got the attention of a chunk of your target audience, but can you engage with them enough so that they'll want to spend their precious time understanding your message in more detail? Gaining the reader's interest is a deeper process than grabbing their attention.
They will give you a little more time to do it, but you must stay focused on their needs. This means helping them to pick out the trophoblast of cancer, messages that are relevant to them quickly. So use bullets and college subheadings, and break up the trophoblast thesis of cancer, text to make your points stand out. For more information on an anthology by and about, understanding your target audience's interests and expectations, and the context of your message, read our article on of cancer, the Rhetorical Triangle. The Interest and Desire parts of the AIDA model go hand-in-hand: As you're building the write a essay on corruption, reader's interest, you also need to help them understand how what you're offering can help them in a real way. The main way of doing this is by appealing to their personal needs and wants. So, rather than simply saying Our lunchtime seminar will teach you feedback skills, explain to the audience what's in it for them: Get what you need from other people, and save time and frustration, by learning how to give them good feedback.
A good way of trophoblast, building the reader's desire for your offering is to link features and benefits. Hopefully, the significant features of interview introduction, your offering have been designed to give a specific benefit to members of your target market. When it comes to the marketing copy, it's important that you don't forget those benefits at this stage. When you describe your offering, don't just give the facts and trophoblast features, and expect the audience to work out the benefits for themselves: Tell them the benefits clearly to create that interest and desire. Example: This laptop case is made of no essay, aluminum, describes a feature, and leaves the trophoblast of cancer, audience thinking So what? Persuade the audience by adding the benefits.giving a stylish look, that's kinder to your back and a essay shoulders. You may want to take this further by appealing to of cancer people's deeper drives. giving effortless portability and a sleek appearance and that will be the envy of your friends and co-workers. As hardened consumers, we tend to be skeptical about essay education marketing claims. It's no longer enough simply to say that a book is a bestseller, for example, but readers will take notice if you state (accurately, of course!), that the trophoblast thesis of cancer, book has been in the New York Times Bestseller List for 10 weeks, for example. So try to use hard data where it's available. When you haven't got the hard data, yet the product offering is sufficiently important, consider generating some data, for example, by prowler no essay 2011 commissioning a survey.
Finally, be very clear about what action you want your readers to take; for example, Visit www.mindtools.com now for more information rather than just leaving people to work out what to do for themselves. AIDA is a copywriting acronym that stands for: Using the AIDA model will help you ensure that any kind of writing, whose purpose is to get the reader to do something, is as effective as possible. Thesis Of Cancer? First it must grab the target audience's attention, and engage their interest. Then it must build a desire for the product offering, before setting out how to take the action that the writer wants the audience to take. This site teaches you the skills you need for a happy and the effect of cell phones on society essay successful career; and this is just one of many tools and resources that you'll find here at trophoblast thesis of cancer Mind Tools. Subscribe to write our free newsletter, or join the Mind Tools Club and really supercharge your career! Sign-up for a month's trial of the Mind Tools Club by midnight, October 12 and of cancer get the problem solving test, Make Time for Success workbook FREE! Learn new career skills every week, and get our Personal Development Plan Workbook FREE when you subscribe. Sign-up for of cancer a month's trial of the Mind Tools Club by midnight, October 12 and get the Make Time for Success workbook FREE!
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essay fiction books The Research Paper Factory. Name Professor Subject Date Blending Fiction and Non Fiction The Repossession Mambo is an of cancer interesting book based on fiction. The book itself is entertaining, highlighting a harsh reality that may be possible in an anthology of essays by and the future. In this book, a person can live virtually forever with the help of artificial organs (artiforgs). These artiforgs are sold by a large corporation named the trophoblast thesis of cancer, Credit Union and introduction they are extremely expensive. While almost anyone with credit can qualify for trophoblast these expensive. Words: 2074 - Pages: 9. Regional Southern Fiction Regional southern fiction writers focused on the dialect, characters, customs, and setting of revelations an anthology of essays about a specific region when they wrote their stories (Campbell 2010). Dialect and detailed descriptions of the of cancer, region were integral to of cell on society essay the story to make the characters authentic to trophoblast thesis of cancer the region and for readers to understand the region in which the revelations of essays, characters lived. The descriptions of the land and the accents of the characters are what separated the south from the north.
In Eudora. Words: 2399 - Pages: 10. The world today has faced many trials and tribulations. It is quite similar to the two short stories ‘Young Goodman Brown” and “The Lottery.” In these stories, characters are faced with situations beyond their own imagination and to of cancer makes things worse is how they are tested. They will encounter people and lanka other things that are unjust. These stories bring a lot of comparisons such as the setting of the stories, but mostly there are contrasts such as the symbolism within the stories and the. Words: 1037 - Pages: 5. Humanities 135/Theater 102 FILM NOIR VIEWING ASSIGNMENT A. The film title is thesis, Pulp Fiction, the release year is 1994, the director is Quentin Tarantino, and the production company is problem test mckinsey, Miramax Films. B. The stories of two mob hit men, a boxer and trophoblast a pair of dinner bandits intertwine in four tales of violence.
C. Solving Mckinsey? Some of the thesis, Mise-en-scene that I noticed in the film was many street lights including neon lights indoor and. Words: 259 - Pages: 2. format. Interview Essay? (If you completed ENGL 101 with Liberty University, this information will be in the Prentice Hall Reference Guide. Otherwise, acquire a good Handbook that details proper format for essays. You also will find sample literary essays in your textbook, Literature: An Introduction to trophoblast of cancer Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and of cell essay Writing. Compact Interactive Edition) Each essay is double-spaced, with ragged right edge (justify off) with a one-inch margin on all four sides including the bottom margin. Words: 2080 - Pages: 9. Renia Creative Writing 3/1/12 Flash Fiction She listened so effortlessly. I felt our connection through the eye contact she maintained to keep even when I shamefully dropped my head.
It was from that moment I knew she had become more than a life time friend. She unwilling became my partner in crime. This secret that was burning a hole in thesis my conscience would finally be extinguished. You see, about the effect phones essay five years ago I got into some trouble with the Mafia. Nothing major though. Just a few.
Words: 389 - Pages: 2. Most Dangerous Game vs. Young Goodman Brown Fiction Essay Outline COURSE # and Title: English 102: Literature and Composition SEMESTER OF ENROLLMENT: Summer B16 2012 NAME: Serena Bostick ID#:L23079418 Writing Style Used: APA Serena Bostick Professor Spring Zuidema English 102-B16 20 May 2012 The Most Dangerous Game vs. Young Goodman Brown I. These are two well-known short stories, “The Most Dangerous Game” and trophoblast of cancer “Young Goodman Brown”, these stories both depict evil in their. Words: 294 - Pages: 2. 1 English 103 Date: May 28th, 2008 Fiction into Film Even tough the film “Smooth Talk” amp; Joyce Carol Oates’s short story “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been” are supposed to be the education in sri lanka, same story, one can only trophoblast of cancer wonder if the same message is actually being presented. Through extensive research on the criticisms of both the story and the film, I have come to the realization that the overall moral amp; the characters of the story have been changed so much for an anthology by and about the film version that at the. Words: 2012 - Pages: 9.
Fiction versus Reality CJS/220 02/13/2011 Crystal l. Wagoner This will be my final project for this class and it will be on Fiction versus Reality in the court room. Thesis? This final project is due no later than February 13, 2011. In this project I will be explain the difference between television perspectives (fiction) about how. Words: 1638 - Pages: 7. Fiction Essay Angel M. Braxton Liberty University Online Abstract Short stories can be exciting, dramatic, suspenseful or even educational. I enjoy reading my daughter’s short stories because they are filled with so much imagination. The story “The Most Dangerous Game, Sanger Rainsford, the in sri lanka, main character is quite disturbing as a person because of the comments made throughout the story. The story is an inversion of the big-game hunting safaris in thesis Africa and South America that were fashionable. Words: 866 - Pages: 4.
Fiction Essay Graham Greene’s “The Destructors” and D. H. Lawrence’s “The Rocking Horse Winner” are very different stories, but both have similarities. “The Destructors” and “The Rocking Horse Winner” were both written by British authors and set in a post war Great Britain. Both stories were written after a World War, so the living conditions were still depressed. Problem Test? I will compare and contrast the authors’ choice of thesis themes and problem solving test characters, emotions, materialism, use of suspense, and trophoblast of cancer setting. Words: 1113 - Pages: 5. effect on children. Retrieved from http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/tcom/faculty/ha/tcom103fall2003/gp14/ University of Montreal (2010, May 3). Toddlers and TV: Early exposure has negative and essay about in sri long-term impact. Trophoblast Thesis? ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 18, 2012, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2010/05/100503161229.htm Causal Essay Outline Thesis Statement: Parents must take responsibility for what their children are watching on television and how much they.
Words: 1343 - Pages: 6. Fiction Essay Grading Rubric Essential requirements for grading: 1. The essay has been submitted to SafeAssign. Of Cell Phones On Society Essay? 2. The essay addresses the writing prompt. 3. The essay follows assignment instructions (-5 pt. Thesis? deduction for not following instructions). Student: | Content | Good/Excellent (45–39) | Fair/Competent (38–31) | Deficient (30–0) | Development(CCLO # 2)/45pts | * Major points are stated clearly and write on corruption in india are well-supported * Content is persuasive and comprehensive * Content.
Words: 511 - Pages: 3. Fiction Essay Comparison and Contrast of “The Most Dangerous Game” and “The Child by Tiger” Sara Poet ENG 102- B21-LUO 9/7/13 Thesis: In these two stories we observe some of of cancer man’s darker nature. We observe two seemingly normal people with dark sides to college no essay 2011 each of trophoblast thesis of cancer them and write in india will explain how each one is. Words: 1773 - Pages: 8. Nina Ciccotelli Horror Fiction Horror fiction was created to trophoblast thesis of cancer make readers afraid of what they are reading and what was going to happen next. Horror fiction is most definitely used in mostly all of Edgar Allen Poe’s stories. A great example of when I saw horror fiction was in the Black Cat. Whenever he began to cut his cats eyes out with a pocket knife or a pen or some sort, that was a horrifying site to imagine. The cat loved him, but he snapped and the cat was his first victim. Shortly.
Words: 307 - Pages: 2. Conventions of Formal Writing |Do |Do Not | |Format your paper in the style required by your major: APA, MLA, |No abbreviations | |Turabian/Chicago |No acronyms (unidentified) | |Subject: Address the prompt. Words: 292 - Pages: 2. Pulp Fiction Pulp Fiction Era The Pulp Fiction Era took place during the interview essay introduction, years 1920-1955. The 20’s were a time of progressive change caused by new technology, discoveries, and of cancer inventions and revelations an anthology by and about blacks is often known as the roaring twenties. Thesis? And at the end of the 20’s, the Great Depression emerged. The 30’s were a time when the depression caused by Wall Street crash in a essay on corruption in india the late 1929 and caused the world to undergo a fundamental change in their lifestyles. Thesis? The 40’s were significantly dominated by World. Words: 368 - Pages: 2. English 102 B43– Literature and Composition Spring 2014 Term A Jessica Jack, Student ID#25840627 APA Format Compare and interview Contrast Short Story Fiction Essay Jessica Jack Liberty University English 102-B43 Outline for Compare and Contrast Essay Thesis: “The Rocking-Horse Winner” by D.H. Lawrence and “The Lottery”, by Shirley Jackson provide two contrasting uses of of cancer Setting in a short story which accentuate the importance of the write, element in a story.
One author has the ability to. Words: 1413 - Pages: 6. Comparative Fiction Essay ENGL 102: Literature and Composition Spring 2014 B64 Kamia Washington L24871035 MLA Kamia Washington Professor Virginia Dow English 102 B64 3 February 2, 2014 Comparative Fiction Essay In many ways the most influential element of a work of literature can prove to be the characters that the trophoblast, author creates. In the instance of Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” and D. H. Lawrence’s “The Rocking Horse Winner” the a essay, characters are built and the. Words: 1780 - Pages: 8.
The Past Impact on the Expected Future Society or people always bring up the question “what if” in practical situations. Especially in society today when hindsight plays such a large role in the world. Thesis Of Cancer? The Science Fiction genre gives society an by and blacks outlet to see how some large issues affecting society and thesis of cancer the world today could unfold in the future. Interview Essay? Isaac Amisov wrote about how robots or robotic like being could exist in trophoblast of cancer the future. For example what if robots could replace people in the real.
Words: 1035 - Pages: 5. 1 Sarah S. English 102 Dr. Bruce R. Magee Paper #2 Fiction THE LOTTERY Two days ago a person in Pennsylvania gunned down 12 people because he felt that he had been teased too much about not being about to speak English very well. We all say, How can that happen? Every person who commits a horrible act such as these always has an excuse. I lost my job., I was being bullied., My wife was leaving me with the problem solving mckinsey, kids.
Jackson#x27;s The Lottery is trophoblast thesis of cancer, no different. Essay Introduction? No one in the story looked at. Words: 979 - Pages: 4. Fiction Essay Instructions In Module/Week 3, you will write a 750-word (about 3–4-pages) essay that compares and contrasts 2 stories from the Fiction Unit. Before you begin writing the essay, carefully read the guidelines for developing your paper topic that are given below. Review the thesis, Fiction Essay Grading Rubric to see how your submission will be graded. Write On Corruption In India? Gather all of of cancer your information, plan the direction of your essay, and in sri organize your ideas by developing a 1-page thesis statement and.
Words: 772 - Pages: 4. Reflection Paper and Fiction: Drama 1 Reflection Paper and Fiction: Drama A Doll’s House by: Henrik Ibsen Judy Headlee August 10, 2014 ENG/125 Literature in Society Natasha Whitton Reflection Paper and Fiction: Drama 2 This play was written in thesis a time when it was considered outrageous for a woman to leave her husband to gain her freedom as well as show she had a mind of her own. That is just what Nora does in education in sri the end. Nora was breaking the. Words: 1138 - Pages: 5.
Ironic Symbolism: “The Lottery” and “The Rocking Horse Winner” ENGL 102: Literature and Composition Ironic Symbolism: “The Lottery” and “The Rocking Horse Winner” “The Lottery” by trophoblast thesis, Shirley Jackson and “The Rocking Horse Winner” by D.H. Lawrence are stories in which the authors rely heavily on irony and symbolism. Both works of fiction involve self centered mothers and problem test conclude with tragic circumstances. Jackson and Lawrence used those elements to. Words: 569 - Pages: 3. Fiction Essay ENGL 102-D21: Literature and trophoblast thesis Composition 201320 Spring 2013 Kenneth Sellers APA April 8, 2013 My Outline: Fiction Essay My Topic: Compare Contrast My Attitude: Analysis the differences and similarities between the two stories My Purpose: To analyze the differences and similarities between the two stories.
My Thesis Statement: In Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” D.H. Lawrence’s “ the a essay on corruption, Rocking-Horse Winner the reader can look into the. Words: 1367 - Pages: 6. Abstract Rainsford in “The Most Dangerous Game” by Connell, 2014, and T from “The Destructors” Greene, 2014, feel the need to morally adjust their beliefs for a greater purpose. Connell and Greene, showed that when a person is faced to trophoblast of cancer live with an outcome of a situation, it can shake and alter a person’s principles. The key points that the authors reveal in their work is for Rainsford; although he was in disbelief and essay about in sri lanka shocked at the game General Zaroff created, he felt that he was forced to. Words: 2046 - Pages: 9. Ng Man Tsun Jeff Professor Boyle ENG-112-08 May 5, 2014 Reading Fiction To read a fiction there were seven major things we need to get attention of. They are Tone, Plot, Characterization, Setting, Point of View, Irony and Theme.
It helped you a lot in trophoblast thesis understanding what does the education lanka, author try to talk about. Trophoblast Of Cancer? First of all “Tone” is the very first element that would give readers impression and mood of the reading. Readers can read where does the Author and education character’s altitude toward. It. Words: 367 - Pages: 2. Fiction Essay - Young Goodman Brown and the Lottery. FICTION ESSAY WRITING STYLE USED: APA OUTLINE I. THESIS: A thorough analysis of Jackson’s “The Lottery” and Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown” reveals that different literary elements, such as tone and setting, are used to convey the characters’ arrival at thesis dark, sinister places. II. INTRODUCTION III. SHIRLEY JACKSON’S “THE LOTTERY” A. Setting the tone: Peaceful and relaxing B. Irony: Even though the mood is relaxing, there is a premonition of something bad. Words: 1051 - Pages: 5. happen when humans lose sight of what is phones, important, and blindly follow their passions.
It is trophoblast, clear from these stories that tragedy will soon follow those pursuits. Revelations Of Essays About Blacks? Works Cited Lawrence, D.H. “The Rocking-Horse Winner.” 1933. Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing. 7th ed. Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia.
San Francisco: Pearson 2013. 234-245 Jackson, Shirley “The Lottery.” 1948. Literature: An Introduction to thesis Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing. 7th ed. Ed. X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. San Francisco: Pearson 2013. 250-256. Words: 1116 - Pages: 5.
Importance of Fiction in Our Lives; Fact or Fiction Why? Why read fiction? What impact does reading fiction have on our lives? Many people read and enjoy fiction as they find that fiction creates a simulation of another person’s life. Many read fiction as an escape from their own lives. Many read to learn valuable life lessons. Many read simply to relax. Of Cell On Society? In a recent study performed by Emory University in Atlanta researchers found that reading a fiction novel heightened connectivity in the.
Words: 950 - Pages: 4. Fiction Essay ENGL 102 Literature and trophoblast of cancer Composition Fall D 2014 Summer Martin L25637775 APA Formatting Running head: USE OF SYMBOLS TO CONVEY THEME OF STORY Use of Symbols by Authors to Help Readers Understand the Theme of Short Stories Summer Martin Liberty University Online Use of an anthology of essays by and Symbols by thesis of cancer, Authors to Help Readers Understand the Theme of interview Short Stories Thesis: The two short stories, “The Lottery” by trophoblast of cancer, Shirley Jackson and “The Rocking Horse Winner” by D. H. Lawrence both use. Words: 1448 - Pages: 6. The Lottery vs. The Rocking-Horse Winner Dashua Murphy Liberty University Online Fiction Essay Thesis Statement: While “The Rocking-Horse Winner” and “The Lottery” differs on some levels, both stories carry the theme of death as a sacrifice for greater gain. 1) Need a. “The Lottery”: the village needs to uphold a cruel tradition to ensure a bountiful harvest b. Introduction? “The Rocking-Horse Winner”: Paul needs to get “lucky” to satisfy the thesis, never ending needs of interview his mothers “unluckiness. Words: 1573 - Pages: 7.
Fiction Essay ENGL 102: Literature and Composition THESIS In today’s world we are surrounded by great people everyday, however, unfortunately there are just as many bad people as good. This is a world where people sin everyday repeatedly like there is nothing that should stop them. Where people take advantage and prey on trophoblast thesis, the innocent. Revelations An Anthology Of Essays By And Blacks? A world in which it grows harder and harder to trust because there are so many people with cold hearts that don’t have the first clue what it means to trophoblast thesis be. Words: 1473 - Pages: 6. The American culture in PULP FICTION “The path of the essay about, righteous man is beset on all sides by the inequities of the tyranny of evil man. blessed is he who, in the name of trophoblast charity and good will, shepherds the weak through the about blacks, valley of darkness, for he is truly his brother#x27;s keeper and the finder of lost children. And i will strike down upon thesis of cancer, thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who attempt to problem test poison and trophoblast of cancer destroy my brothers. And you will know my. Words: 1283 - Pages: 6. Luis Rodriguez Historical Fiction HIST 1301-2H2 For my 14th birthday my grandmother gave me a diary.
I never used it until now. It was just pieces of strings that connected sheets of paper together. It was nothing special or anything that looked fancy. She wanted me to practice my writing since it “imitated a peasant’s work”. How considerate of prowler no essay 2011 her to thesis be so kind about helping me with something so utterly useless to me. It was a miracle for her to even give me anything since she is so blinded. Words: 6461 - Pages: 26. Brooklynn Stilwell Dr.
Redfield English 112- 20 November 2014 MLA Annotated Bibliography: Rhetorical Analysis; the education in sri, Story of an of cancer Hour by Kate Chopin Chopin, Kate. “The Story of an Hour, Kate Chopin, characters, setting. Phones Essay? “KateChopinorg. Kate Chopin International Society. N.d. web. 20 Nov. 2014. http://www.katechopin.org/the-story-of-an-hour/ This website is from the Author herself. There are many beneficially things from this website. Trophoblast Thesis? She has a list of characters, the time and place, the. Words: 664 - Pages: 3. “the Destructors” and “the Lottery” Fiction Essay. “The Destructors” and “The Lottery” Fiction Essay Introduction Some may say that we are, as human beings, a violent people by a essay, nature. We see it in our own history of of cancer wars and genocide that the violence in us can grow to extreme proportions. These two stories, “The Destructors” by Graham Greene, and college prowler 2011 “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson, show us that some of the trophoblast, violence can be brought on by people simply following blindly.
Whether we look at the past or the present, these two short stories. Words: 997 - Pages: 4. Crime fiction - essay Basically crime fiction is the literary genre that fictionalizes crimes including a possible detection, a number of the effect of cell phones criminals and naturally their motives. Often there is a certain structure which crime fiction stories follow. First there is trophoblast thesis of cancer, a crime which usually is phones on society, a murder. Afterwards there is the investigation of the crime and to end with an outcome of the happening which often is the criminals’ arrest or in some scenarios their death. Of Cancer? In many cases there is a puzzle. Words: 1180 - Pages: 5. Fiction Essay Instructions In Module/Week 3, you will write a 750-word (3–4-pages) essay that compares and college scholarship 2011 contrasts 2 stories from the trophoblast, Fiction Unit. Before you begin writing the essay, carefully read the guidelines for developing your paper topic that are given below.
Review the prowler no essay scholarship, Fiction Essay Grading Rubric to see how your submission will be graded. Gather all of your information, plan the direction of your essay, and organize your ideas by developing a 1-page thesis statement and outline for. Words: 777 - Pages: 4. Stranger Than Fiction: Paper II “Anything worth writing comes inexplicably and without method”? How is this idea evident in the film, particularly as Emma Thompson and Dustin Hoffman’s characters portray the art of writing/narrative in the film? No one can force something good to trophoblast happen, nor can they control their fate; it is something manifested from random courses of events. Fate is problem test mckinsey, something inexplicable and is created without a method, therefore, Harold Crick is the perfect example. Words: 658 - Pages: 3.
Teaching 4.1 Approaches to Learning and trophoblast of cancer Teaching 4.1.1 Introductory Comments 4.1.2 Prose Fiction 4.1.3 Poetry i 21 21 23 32 SECOND DRAFT 4.1.4 Drama 4.1.5 Films 4.1.6 Literary Appreciation 4.1.7 Schools of Literary Criticism 4.2 Catering for Learner Diversity 4.3 Meaningful Homework 4.4 Role of Learners Chapter 5 41 45 52 69 71 72 73 74 Assessment 5.1 Guiding Principles 5.2 Internal Assessment 5.2.1 Formative Assessment 5.2.2 Summative Assessment 5.3 Public Assessment 5.3.1 Standards. Words: 41988 - Pages: 168. http://www.historytoday.com/jerome-de-groot/signposts-historical-fiction These were some of the revelations an anthology by and about blacks, questions raised at a recent conference at the Institute of of cancer Historical Research at which History Today Editor, Paul Lay, hosted a discussion between Hilary Mantel, author of Wolf Hall, and the Tudor historian David Loades. Historians often describe themselves as detectives, seeking out a kind of truth among the conflicting evidence of the past. There is, furthermore, a large and growing subgenre. Words: 5212 - Pages: 21. Liberty University Online Gambling is introduction, Risky Business Kelly Bradberry English 102 Instructor Freshwater September 14, 2015 Thesis Statement: Gambling is always a risky behavior, and whether it is for life or for money, success in trophoblast never guaranteed. Within the fiction selections, The Lottery by Shirley Jackson and the effect phones The Rocking-Horse Winner by D. Thesis Of Cancer? H. Essay Education Lanka? Lawrence winning a gamble are depicted as luck. Thesis? It is clear in both of these selections that winning is not always a positive thing. Words: 1193 - Pages: 5.
ENGL 102 Fiction Essay Liberty University Online Micheal McIntosh Fiction Essay The first of the two stories I chose to compare and contrast is titled “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson and the second story is college no essay 2011, titled “The Rocking-Horse Winner” by D.H. Lawrence. I will compare each of their themes, characters, and trophoblast plot developments in which they are both similar and different. The Effect Phones Essay? One of the strongest comparison would be that both stories deal with the of cancer, subject of. Words: 777 - Pages: 4. Poetry Essay Your Name Writing Style: APA Liberty University Thesis Statement: In the poem “Batter my heart, three-personed God”, Donne uses paradoxes, metaphors and intimate language to illustrate the urgency of problem solving his need and desire to trophoblast free his mind, body, and soul from the bondage of sin. Donne is trying to essay about education lanka reach an acceptance of his unworthiness in God’s unending love. Outline: I. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Introduction A. Thesis Statement 1. Romans 3:23 B. Relationship with Christ II.
Words: 854 - Pages: 4. Fiction and Non-Fiction Documentary Films. Fiction and blacks Non-Fiction Documentary Films Name Institutional Affiliation Introduction Non-fiction documentaries often face tight budgets that force them to rely on actors to produce the plot that was intended. Fiction and nonfiction documentaries are anything but just academic and trophoblast sensational arguments of the differences, for instance filming of a pack of lion over a year is obviously non-fictional as the main characters are unable to act. However, there are events such as for about education in sri the movie. Words: 2738 - Pages: 11. PROLOGUE Fortress of the Light Pedron Niall#x27;s aged gaze wandered about his private audience chamber, but dark eyes hazed with thought saw nothing. Tattered wall hangings, once battle banners of the enemies of thesis his youth, faded into write a essay in india dark wood paneling laid over stone walls, thick even here in the heart of the Fortress of the Light. The single chair in trophoblast thesis the room heavy, high-backed, and college prowler almost a throne - was as invisible to him as the few scattered tables that completed the furnishings. Even.
Words: 244946 - Pages: 980. Thesis: Throughout the thesis of cancer, short stories The Child by Tiger and Young Goodman Brown, it is apparent that each author attempts to prove the inherent evil nature of college no essay mankind. Regardless of the goodhearted nature various characters outwardly portray, they each have a dark side within themselves. This can be seen through the of cancer, character Dick in of cell phones essay The Child by Tiger and in the character Faith in Young Goodman Brown. Thesis? In the essay about lanka, beginning of each respective story, the trophoblast, reader is led to believe that both Dick and. Words: 261 - Pages: 2. fiction It all started so simple, we were lovers who had it all.
Sure, like most relationships there were ups and downs but I could have never imagined this is where it would end up. I wake up tied to a bed. ‘Kinky’ I say to myself. But then the memories of last night all start to flood into my mind. Essay About Education In Sri? This is not a scene from thesis, 50 shades of Grey, but I, in fact am actually being held prisoner by the man I thought I had loved. On Corruption In India? Instantly my body is over thesis come with fear and adrenaline. Essay Introduction? I. Words: 887 - Pages: 4. The Lottery vs. Young Goodman Brown ENG 102. Trophoblast? Literature and Composition Spring 2016 Paola Galan L24700309 MLA Thesis and Outline The Lottery by Shirley Jackson and Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne reveals that nothing is at seems to be.
Both stories portray the evil and good sides of human character. Introduction Thesis statement The Lottery • Peaceful and relaxing environment.
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The unitarian or trophoblastic thesis of cancer - NCBI
essay world of 2050 In 2000 I was awarded $5,000 in an essay competition sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell and The Economist newspaper. That cash formed the core money which funded my journey around the world, starting five years later, as recorded in The Jolly Pilgrim . The essay competition’s theme was to trophoblast, predict some aspect of the world in 2050. My chosen topic was space exploration. The space industry and space exploration.
Like the computer and by and blacks telecommunications industries in the twentieth century, over recent decades the space industry (along with biotechnology) has come to symbolise humanity’s technological cutting-edge. We now take for granted re-entry vehicles which are as reliable as conventional aeroplanes, zero-G factories producing ‘smart’ materials and a tourist industry which puts more people into space every year, just for the fun of it. In the trophoblast thesis of cancer past 50 years, satellite launching, zero-G manufacturing and of cell phones on society space tourism have all gone from emergent industries to established multi-trillion-Euro business sectors. In this article we take a look at trophoblast thesis of cancer, the current state of play, at some of the likely technological innovations that will be forthcoming over test mckinsey the coming decades and at the missions to thesis, explore the write a essay solar system which are currently on the drawing board. Despite enormous advances in engine technology since the emergence of space flight 100 years ago, there remains two problems central to doing business in space: getting there (historically the growth of space-based industries has closely shadowed the cost per unit weight of getting mass into orbit) and getting anywhere else once you’re there. Two new tools in our technological armoury are close to facilitating breakthroughs on both those fronts. As fusion power comes to dominate power production on earth, aerospace companies are attempting to refine existing reactor designs, in order to fit them inside launch vehicles and spacecraft. Once that has been done, fusion engines look to become the of cancer power source of choice for orbital and near-Earth spacecraft, thereby bringing down the essay about in sri lanka cost of space travel significantly. Thesis Of Cancer? This will make a range of about education lanka new space-based activities economically feasible. The main problem with getting spacecraft between planets and asteroids is the prohibitive amount of thesis fuel you have to take into space with you.
Ion engines, which work by stripping the electrons from xenon atoms and using them for scholarship propulsion, require the least fuel per unit thrust of any engine that can currently be made. Their main disadvantage is that they accelerate and decelerate very slowly. However, it is ion engines that are being used on trophoblast of cancer the new Earth-Mars-Earth freighters that will soon be ferrying equipment between the two planets. Test Mckinsey? These freighters will effectively be put into slow, complicated orbits that require small amounts of thrust over long periods of time. Ion engines are perfect for this, and they will require very infrequent refuelling. There are now over thesis of cancer 100 manufacturing, scientific and scholarship 2011 leisure facilities in orbit around the Moon and Earth. Over the coming decade, the cost of building such structures will continue to fall. This will drive increases in trophoblast thesis of cancer space-based tourism and manufacturing. Currently, the majority of space tourists only get into space for a few hours, to have a look around.
This is all very well, but the write a essay on corruption in india industry’s goal is to build off-planet leisure facilities for the mass market. Among the logistic issues implicit to of cancer, such a goal is that until significant amounts of water can be extracted from the Moon’s crust or from asteroids (see below), keeping people in space for prolonged periods in relative comfort will remain extremely expensive. A Essay? Once water no longer needs to be ferried from trophoblast thesis, Earth, better recycling technology and college prowler scholarship 2011 the ability to thesis of cancer, create larger habitable spaces will allow tourists to write a essay on corruption, not only get into space, but also to stay there for a while and ‘do things’, maybe even go for a space walk or two. Researchers continue to discover useful goods which require zero-G environments to produce, and manufacturers can’t get orbital factories built fast enough. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? The development of larger working spaces will lead to about education, larger volumes dedicated to space-based mass production. While getting materials up and finished goods down is still a problem, manufacturers don’t require the trophoblast of cancer expensive pressurised environments necessary for the tourist industry, as the work is problem solving test, all automated and controlled by the same AIs which have taken over most non-strategic decision making in terrestrial manufacturing. Some observers believe that the current high growth levels in thesis zero-G production will continue until it represents an appreciable fraction of total global manufacturing.
Whether you agree with that depends on your faith in a number of emergent technologies. Right now, the only manufacturing processes in space are ones which require zero-G environments. Eventually space-based manufacturers are likely to find that there’s a limit to college scholarship, the number of such production processes and the trend towards orbital manufacturing will tail off. However, some analysts argue that with the of cancer world economy growing a trend rate of 2.5 percent, it will ultimately be necessary to move the problem solving test bulk of Earth’s productive needs off-planet. Environmentalists point out that, now solar and fusion technology have largely brought to a close the era of large-scale polluting energy production, terrestrial manufacturing is the trophoblast thesis major source of environmental contamination. Of Essays? Many are already lobbying to get the movement of polluting manufacturing off-planet onto the policy agenda. Two developments could, over the next 100 years, make that feasible – asteroid mining and trophoblast space ladder. Asteroid mining is already well understood and technically feasible. The international Asteroid Mapping Program (AMP) is close to having mapped the location, size, orbit and rough chemical composition of every body more than ten meters across, out to the orbit of Jupiter. The asteroid belt contains every element found on Earth and represents an enormous resource for space-based activities. Once a legal framework is in place for allowing companies to collect material from the asteroid belt, the existence of the mckinsey AMP will allow even more detailed studies to be completed and, shortly thereafter, resource-gathering missions.
These will use fleets of AI-controlled robotic landers and (probably ion engine fitted) space freighters to thesis, bring material back to education in sri lanka, Earth, the Moon and various orbital facilities. Thesis? This should eliminate the need to lift raw materials from Earth, provide a limitless supply of water and metals, and mean that all future spacecraft production will take place in-orbit. Space ladder (currently found only in science fiction books and not on the drawing boards of engineers) would (in theory) be super-strong cables fixed to the equator, leading to space stations in geocentric orbit. Ironically, their construction would call for space-manufactured, super-strong, carbon-based nanomaterials, but when (and if) they become feasible they will precipitate a revolution in terms of what is feasible in space. A working space ladder would reduce the cost of getting mass into orbit at least 100-fold. The initial investment would be enormous, but Bukht Limited, an Indian engineering company, is solving test mckinsey, looking to test a prototype design in the next ten years. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? Watch this space. Initial efforts to revelations by and, put permanent robotic bases on the Moon are largely complete. Trophoblast Thesis Of Cancer? The coming generation of manned ‘ecosphere’ moon bases, capable of producing their own food, will come online as efforts to extract water from the Moon’s crust reach completion. At that point the Moon will start to as a port for interplanetary travel and a base for space tourism. For the time being, however, the no essay 2011 main reason for human activity there has been as a testing station.
Just as the International Space Station (which went online nearly 50 years ago) did with zero-G living, the astronauts, cosmonauts and taikonauts doing tours at moon bases have provided a mountain of data regarding the trophoblast of cancer medical and physiological issues encountered by human crews of semi-permanent extra-terrestrial faculties. This data has been invaluable in helping to essay about lanka, plan what is rapidly becoming the focus for government-backed space programs – the thesis of cancer establishment of a permanent base on Mars. There are two overwhelming reasons why Mars is a great place for humans. The first is that its gravity is similar to the Earth’s, which means it should be possible to prowler no essay scholarship 2011, live there with minimal physiological problems. Thesis? The second is its enormous exploitable resources, the no essay scholarship 2011 most important of which is of cancer, water. Mars is the an anthology about only body in the solar system that could sustain a planetary ecosystem and thesis act as a second cradle for human civilisation. All the essay in sri others are either too big, too small, or too hot. The single robotic station is largely complete. Humans arrive (this time to stay) in trophoblast thesis the next decade, at which point their first tasks will be to secure a water supply and commence food production. When that is done, and an Earth-Mars-Earth freighter system is in place, the colonisation of the surface could in theory proceed apace.
There may also eventually be working bases on Europa and other water-rich bodies, but it is write a essay on corruption in india, unlikely significant numbers of people will ever live permanently anywhere other than the Earth or Mars. Indeed it’s unlikely any other body could sustain large permanent human populations. Mars will be the first, and by far the most important, stepping stone in our exploration of the trophoblast thesis solar system. To even go beyond Mars requires a completely new class of space mission. The next giant leap mankind will take into the cosmos will be the joint Chinese/Japanese project to land men on the surface of Europa in 2085. The distances involved are staggering, far further than from Earth to Mars. Consequently, the about project engineers are designing a new generation of interplanetary vehicle. The planned spacecraft will effectively be a travelling village in thesis space, able to essay in sri, support humans for years, in trophoblast of cancer theory even decades. The trip to Europa will be an enormous logistical achievement, in keeping with the first moon landings of the the effect on society essay 1960’s/70’s and the human landings on trophoblast thesis Mars which have taken place over about in sri lanka the past five years. As Stephen Hartley of the Devlin Planetary Engineering Centre, part of Durham University, recently pointed out: if all the spacecraft in use today were canoes, then the spacecraft taking men to Europa would be a galleon.
That galleon’s maiden voyage will open up a new era of deep space flights into the solar system, which will likely last for hundreds of years. While one group of scientists and engineers begins the slow process of exploring our solar system, another group is trophoblast, looking even further afield – to by and blacks, our sun’s nearest neighbours and their associated solar systems. Thanks to planet-finding satellite arrays, and the blossoming of extrasolar planet science in thesis recent decades, we already have a detailed understanding as to the size and chemical make up of the revelations of essays by and nearest extrasolar systems. However, physically getting a probe inside one of these systems would provide scientists with a tidal wave of new data to go with their so far tantalising results. A succession of increasingly sophisticated interstellar probes have been launched to nearby stars in the last 10 years. However, the return signals from even the of cancer first of those thus far launched is centuries from returning useful data to Earth.
The introduction of spacecraft-based fusion engines should allow probes to interview essay introduction, be built which can reach the nearest stars within decades. A new breed of fusion-powered, very?long?range robotic spacecraft are now being built that will travel at appreciable fractions of the speed of light and be controlled by onboard AIs capable of reacting intelligently to what they find when they arrive at their target system. The first of these probes – NASA’s Battuta – should arrive at Proxima Centuri in under fifty years. If all goes well, fusion-powered probes could be returning data from trophoblast thesis of cancer, our nearest stellar neighbours shortly after the beginning of the next century. Two worlds are better than one.
The last big question that will start to be seriously debated in the lifetime of people alive today is whether it will be feasible, or for that matter moral, to terraform (cause massive artificial environmental alteration to) Mars, with a view to making it habitable, or at least more habitable. Such an operation is, for the time being, academic – the logistics involved are well beyond any megaproject so far undertaken by humankind. But as Simon Peace of the Gupta Institute, a think tank, summed up ‘Once there is a scientific consensus that terraforming Mars is feasible and it is established beyond reasonable doubt that no native life exists there, the public pressure to begin the terraforming process will start to build’. Space technology moves on the effect of cell phones essay apace. The last 50 years has seen space go from the preserve of a few government-funded agencies, aerospace companies and scientists to a place directly and indirectly exploited by thesis thousands of businesses, and into which many ordinary people can reasonably expect to write a essay on corruption, travel during their lives. Trophoblast Thesis? The coming century will see ever more sophisticated space technology, the first permanent population movement off Earth and the beginning of mankind’s exploration of the deep solar system. One day soon we may all be going to the stars. Copyright © 2005-2017 Peter Baker.
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