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Do ends justify means essay

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Does the End justify the Means? - International Baccalaureate Theory

business plan risk You have probably heard plenty of times that being an entrepreneur is a risky business, and investors talk all the time about reducing the risk. Yet everyone seems to have their own view of key risk drivers for startups, and I#8217;m no exception. I don#8217;t agree, for example, that the first priority is to avoid startups with a high attrition rate, like trendy restaurants and entertainment. Here is my own priority list of key risk drivers that every entrepreneur and do ends justify, every investor should evaluate and minimize in starting a business: Team experience and biographical narrative essay courage, depth risk. Here I#8217;m talking about both the experience and track record of the founders in means starting a business, as well as their experience and on henry james, knowledge of the business domain. Like most professionals, when I get a business plan, I flip first to the founders section to see if it is a balanced team who has been there and done that. Market and opportunity risk. Justify Means Essay! There is accident term always less risk with a well-defined problem in a large and growing market.

All the people in China is a large and growing market, but all the people with cancer is much more well-defined. It#8217;s hard to justify essay make money in a shrinking market, or with a solution that is biographical essay courage #8220;nice to have#8221; versus painfully needed. Competitive risk. Think seriously about the number and clout of your competitors. Having none is justify a red flag (may mean no market), but having more than a couple of opinion death penalty large ones may mean this is a crowded space. Even in an open space, you need intellectual property, like patents, to keep potential competitors from overrunning you. Do Ends Means Essay! Financial risk. Very few businesses can be started without money.

You as the founder will be expected to put your own #8220;skin in the game.#8221; The business plan should be realistic about how much cash will be required to break-even, and how big the return will be for investors in the first five-year timeframe. Market entry strategy risk. The selection of an inappropriate pricing, marketing, or distribution strategy is nhd research paper a large potential risk. For example, many new social websites proclaim that they will offer a free service, and live on ad revenues (not likely in essay the first year without a huge marketing investment). Political and comparison vs. contrast essay, economic risk. Sometimes founders are just in the wrong place at the wrong time. Recessions are a tough time to sell luxury goods.

Under-developed countries may have a strong need for your product, but are often unstable and dangerous. Four specifics include tax rates, tariffs, expropriation of means essay assets, and repatriation of profits. Technology risk. New technologies, especially those characterized as #8220;paradigm shifts#8221; or #8220;disruptive#8221; may have long and costly acceptance cycles, or may run into unpredictable performance or manufacturing problems. Medical technologies have costly legal testing requirements, approval processes, and insurance validation. Businesses with high attrition rate risk. Certain business sectors have historical high failure rates and paper, are routinely avoided by investors and many founders. These include food service, retail, consulting, work at home, and telemarketing. On the Internet, I would add new social networking sites, and do ends justify essay, new matchmaking sites. Essay Courage! Operational risk.

Some businesses require huge support or administrative infrastructures. Do Ends! For example, vehicle fuel improvements require service stations and maintenance shops nationwide, before they are viable. Even small operations can have breakdowns of specialized equipment and business papers, complex support processes. Do Ends Essay! Environmental risk. A nuclear reactor built on paper an earthquake fault line is a huge risk. Evaluate your business and location for sensitivity to floods, hurricanes, and catastrophic pollution problems, like an oil spill in do ends justify means essay the Gulf of Mexico. The biggest risk of all is starting a company, any company, for the wrong reasons. See my related article #8220;10 Perspective Checks on Your Startup Aspirations#8221; for a good start in nhd research paper this category. If your startup is clean on both of these lists, you will most likely build a successful business, get the funding you need, and have fun at the same time.

What more could a budding entrepreneur want? 10 Key Risk Factors to Minimize for Startup Success. For every entrepreneur these shared points are very important and easy source to learn that how we can reduce risk factors. Every entrepreneur afraid from risks, in this scenario your shared points are very keen source to learn about its technicalities. Justify Means! Startups face serious enterprise risks from litigation, regulation, ownership incentives, and intellectual property disputes. Many mitigation strategies exist. Business Papers! Some are costly, but all of them matter to someone.

Composite risk management can prioritize a set of mitigation strategies. Do Ends Justify Means Essay! To manage the risk successfully one should have Pmp Proffessional s.With high competition, companies have to develop products fast and innovatively always adding value and greater customer satisfaction. it is important to learn and practice its basic principles which collectively and naturally help in narrative effective management of risk. Essay! As a project manager i follow PMBOK guide of essays on henry james PMI. Goodness, it#39;s hard to imagine any business ever succeeding when there are just so many risk types to take note of isn#39;t it! Haha!

But it#39;s a testament to the resilience of do ends justify means people that there are indeed businesses with impeccable finances standing and excelling in their chosen fields! Wow that#39;s a wonderfull blog having all details helpful. Narrative Essay Courage! Business location strategy.

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resume xml dtds The HR-XML Consortium is a global, independent, non-profit consortium dedicated to enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchange of human resources (HR) data. The work of the Consortium centers on the development and promotion of standardized XML vocabularies for HR. HR-XML's efforts are focused on standards for staffing and justify means essay, recruiting, compensation and benefits, training and workforce management. The Consortium has a membership of companies represented in 22 different countries. HR-XML specifications have been completed for: Background Check, Benefits Enrollment, Competencies , Contact Method , DateTime Data Types, Effective Dating, Enrollment, Entity Identifiers, Job And Position Header, Payroll Benefit Contributions, PersonName, Postal Address, Provisional Envelope Specification, Resume, Staffing Exchange Protocol, Staffing Industry Data Exchange Standards (SIDES), Stock Plan Interface Specification, Time Expense Reporting, TimeCard Configuration, User Area, WorkSite and Environment. The HR-XML specifications are freely available to the public using the registration/download interface. The specifications may be downloaded individually, or in the HR-XML Consolidated Distribution containing some 1697 files [2002-12-03]. See the accident investigation, 2002-11 file listing for an overview of the XML schema files and supporting documentation.

The consortium is open to all interested parties, but membership is targeted toward: (1) Software Vendors. For example, vendors providing HRIS, staffing and means, recruiting, or workforce planning software solutions. (2) Employers. Particularly large, multinational employers seeking to rationalize workforce management processes. (3) HR Service Suppliers. For example, providers of recruiting, payroll, benefits consulting, and temporary staffing services. (4) XML Tool Vendors/Technology Companies. Vendors of XML editors, servers, and data management tools. (5) Non-Profit HR-Related Associations. Biographical Narrative Essay! SHRM, IHRIM, EMA, and other HR-industry groups. (6) Human resource professionals. Human resources and recruiting and staffing professionals, compensation and benefits administrators, and HRIS administrators. [December 14, 1999] The HR-XML Consortium has developed three provisional schemas. The schemas are very preliminary and are intended to generate discussion. JobPosting, CandidateProfile, Resume. The distribution files contain Document Type Definitions (DTDs) as well as Microsoft BizTalk-compatible schemas.

See below. Project Status: Completed Specifications. This document lists and describes the key HR-XML specifications. [December 08, 2003] Oracle Launches HR-XML Product. Will Microsoft Word Follow?

By Ephraim Schwartz. In InfoWorld (December 08, 2003). Do Ends Justify Essay! Human Resources recruiters will receive welcome news this week when Oracle announces that its Human Resources Management System will use the HR-XML standard for data exchange. Developed by the HR-XML Consortium, over on henry james the long run the standard promises to reduce time spent in manually re-inputting resumes into custom systems and fees expended for resume parsing software and services. Among the Consortium membership are Oracle, PeopleSoft, IBM,, and If accepted industrywide, resumes from any source will interface with HR applications and with recruiting software such as RecruitSoft and with online recruitment services such as The standard may also get a boost from Microsoft, which already has incorporated XML schema in justify means, its Office products. Sources say the paper, Redmond giant will incorporate the HR-XML standard as one of its document formats in a future version of Word.

One industry analyst said that the HR-XML standard, unlike many other standards, is a real-world practical solution. [December 05, 2003] HR-XML Consortium Approves Assessments Specification for justify, Skills Evaluation. The Assessments 1.0 specification recently approved by the membership of the HR-XML Consortium features six new XML Schemas supporting order requests to providers of assessment and testing services, and the return of assessment status and nhd research, results. An assessment in justify means essay, this context can encompass a wide variety of tests, screenings, and instruments. Assessments can include tests of both hard skills (technical abilities acquired through training and education) and/or soft skills (a diverse range of abilities or personal characteristics such as customer orientation, analytical thinking, leadership skills, team-building skills, listening skills, and comparison vs. contrast, diplomacy). The Assessment Order specification is sufficiently generalized to be useful in a wide variety of scenarios. The HR-XML Assessment Workgroup is planning future releases of the standard that will support additional options, such as the discovery of available assessment instruments based on the particular competencies an employer may want to assess. This collection of XML Schemas is the do ends justify means, latest suite in a series of nhd research paper related modular specifications designed to spare employers and vendors the means, risk and business papers, expense of having to negotiate and agree upon means data interchange mechanisms on an ad-hoc basis. HR-XML is an business papers term independent, non-profit consortium dedicated to enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchange of human resources data worldwide. Its work centers on the development and promotion of standardized XML vocabularies for HR, with current efforts are focused on standards for do ends justify means essay, staffing and recruiting, compensation and benefits, training and work force management. Papers Term! The Consortium has produced a library of more than 75 interdependent XML schemas defining data elements for particular HR transactions, as well as options and justify, constraints governing the use of those elements.

[January 22, 2003] ASC X12 and accident investigation term, HR-XML Collaborate to Develop Common Data Standards in XML Formats. - The Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X12 and the Human Resources XML (HR-XML) Consortium announced today that they have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to collaborate on data standards development for the human resources and insurance/health care industries. Do Ends Justify Essay! HR-XML brings a wealth of investigation XML vocabulary expertise from do ends justify means essay all aspects of the human resources industry while ASC X12 is a cross-industry standards body with more than 300 plus EDI transactions sets implemented around the world. Critical On Henry James! The first area of mutual interest HR-XML and ASC X12 will focus on is data standards development in the benefits enrollment arena. Together, they will work to justify develop an XML version of essays on henry james X12 transaction set 834 Benefit Enrollment and Maintenance and any other related EDI transaction sets. In addition to joint development of do ends justify this XML message, HR-XML and ASC X12 will identify and exchange best practices as the industries the respective organizations represent often share trading partners and the goal to streamline information flow. 'We are delighted to critical james join forces with the HR-XML to justify means leverage our respective expertise and develop XML business message standards that can improve efficiencies across human resources and insurance industries,' said ASC X12 Chair David Barkley of Freddie Mac. 'This strategic relationship advances ASC X12's vision of collaborating with organizations to build the best of opinion essay death penalty breed XML business message standards for do ends justify means, the global marketplace'. [October 08, 2002] HR-XML Consortium Announces Employee Stock Plan Interface Standard. A new specification produced by the HR-XML Consortium Employee Share Plans Workgroup has been approved as an HR-XML Recommendation. The Employee Stock Plans Interface 1.0 specification defines standard, vendor-neutral data definitions for the transfer of stock plan data.

The standard promises new efficiencies and cost savings for employers, third-party administrators, brokers, and other stakeholders involved in nhd research paper, the administration of stock-based compensation programs. In addition, the specification will enable easy compilation of data required for reporting and compliance. The Version 1.0 release includes ten XML schemas as well as primary prose document. This initial version of the specification is designed to support the administration of do ends means essay stock option programs. It describes the elements required to exchange data related to the administration of employee share plans, including the papers, expected usage of essay those elements, and the business processes meant to be supported. A future version will address employee stock purchase plans and other types of james plans.

[May 24, 2002] HR-XML Consortium Approves Background Checking Standard Specification Enables Easy Integration Between Employers and Background-Checking Services. - The HR-XML Consortium, the global non-profit organization dedicated to creating data interchange standards for human resources, has approved a background-checking standard. The specification supports the generation of justify background-check requests using data sourced from HR systems or from applicant-tracking and similar recruiting systems. 'The background-checking specification is paper, designed to support background-check requests to third-party screening services,' said Chuck Allen, Director HR-XML Consortium, Inc. 'Using a reputable third-party screening service can help employers ensure that legal requirements are met and can help support privacy by avoiding the needless replication of do ends means data back to employer systems,' according to Allen. The schema explicitly supports screenings relating to criminal records, department of motor vehicle records, education, employment history, and credit worthiness. In addition, the background checking standard is sufficiently flexible to james transmit information required to execute custom screenings that a client might arrange with a background checking service provider. The specification also supports the transmission of background check results to a client of justify essay a background checking service provider. [May 24, 2002] Background Checking 1.0. Business Papers Term! HR-XML Recommendation.

2002-April-29. Version reference: BackgroundChecking-1_0. Edited by justify means essay, Craig Corner (HireCheck) and Chuck Allen (HR-XML Consortium, Inc.). Comparison! 82 pages. HR-XML's Background Checking specification supports requests to third-party providers of background checking services and the return of search results.

The specification defines messages to support background check requests and reports. Justify Essay! Version 1.0 of the HR-XML Background Checking specification includes two schemas: (1) A schema to comparison support background-check requests to third-party providers. The schema explicitly supports screenings relating to justify essay criminal records, department of motor vehicle records, education, employment history, and penalty, credit worthiness. In addition, the BackgroundCheck schema is sufficiently flexible to transmit information required to execute custom screenings that a client might arrange with a background checking service provider. (2) A simple schema to do ends essay transmit background check results to accident investigation term a client of a background checking service provider. See the means essay, ZIP archive for schemas and other documentation. [May 16, 2002] HR-XML Consortium Approves New XML Resume Specification. Versatile Specification Makes Resumes Easier To Search, Index, Match, and Manage. - The HR-XML Consortium, the global non-profit organization dedicated to creating data interchange standards for human resources, has approved a new XML resume specification. HR-XML's Resume 2.0 specification will enable a range of innovative new applications and services that will benefit job seekers as well as employers. 'Today, employers are drowning in sea of investigation term unstructured resumes, which are difficult to match against business requirements,' according to Chuck Allen, Director, HR-XML Consortium, Inc. 'HR-XML's versatile, but structured XML Resume format, has great potential to change the search for do ends justify means, qualified employees from a shot-gun approach' to a targeted exercise. Vs. Contrast Essay! Likewise, structured resumes may give job seekers an opportunity to more effectively communicate their unique abilities to potential employers,' according to Allen.

The Resume 2.0 specification represents a substantial improvement over the resume definition included in do ends essay, HR-XML's Staffing Exchange Protocol 1.1. SEP 1.1 was defined using Document Type Definitions (DTDs). Resume 2.0 is defined using the World Wide Web Consortium's more powerful and flexible XML Schema Definition Language (XSD). This makes the Resume 2.0 specification more modular and extensible than the prior DTD-based version. Resume 2.0 has already been incorporated within HR-XML's Staffing Industry Data Exchange Standards (SIDES). The Employment History, Education History, and Military History modules within Resume 2.0 also are shared with HR-XML's new Background Checking specification. In addition, the Resume specification will be part of essay a future XSD-based version of HR-XML's Staffing Exchange Protocol. 'Resume 2.0 is an integral part of HR-XML's forthcoming Version 2.0 recruiting and staffing specifications,' said Nicholas Scobbo, HRIS Analyst, Mitre Corporation, and chair of HR-XML's Recruiting and Staffing Workgroup. Do Ends Justify Essay! 'HR-XML's Resume specification should go a long way in helping companies deal with the multiple sources and formats of opinion death penalty resumes and in increasing the efficiency of recruiting systems and processes,' according to do ends essay Scobbo.

[March 12, 2002] HR-XML Workgroup to Lead Employer Stock Plan Standards Initiative. A posting from Chuck Allen announces the launch of an Employer Stock Plan Standards Initiative, to be organized under a new HR-XML workgroup. The group will develop standards for employee stock purchase plans (ESPP) and nhd research paper, stock option programs. The principal project goal is to define interfaces to exchange ESPP as well as stock option data between an do ends essay employer and business papers, a plan administrator or broker. HR-XML member companies sponsoring the stock plan workgroup include Oracle, PeopleSoft, SAP, Fidelity Investments, Transcentive, and do ends essay, Watson Wyatt Worldwide. The project also includes participants from a variety of financial services, brokerage, and accident investigation term, third-party administration companies. The workgroup plans to deliver the first HR-XML specifications for employer stock programs later in 2002. See also the do ends means essay, text of a proposal: HR-XML Stock Purchase/Stock Option Interface. Vs. Contrast Essay! [ Full context ] [December 31, 2001] Note from means essay Chuck Allen (Director, HR-XML Consortium, Inc.): To better serve its growing constituency, HR-XML has formed the Employer Advisory Council (EAC). The purpose of the EAC is to effectively channel the influence of the end-user community and to nhd research ensure that representatives from justify means end-user companies are empowered in the activities of the business papers, Consortium. Ron Schaeffer, a 29-years veteran of the Human Resources function, will help facilitate the EAC.

The EAC will officially kick-off its activities at next month's Jan. 14-16 [2002] HR-XML meeting in St. Pete Beach, FL. Do Ends Means! On the agenda is special EAC programming including a session led by business papers term, Naomi Bloom that will examine why modeling matters in the deployment of complex HR systems. For further information, see the agenda. Do Ends Justify Means Essay! [in 2001] HR-XML has been phenomenally successful in attracting the participation of HRIT vendors. this success has somewhat overshadowed the growing participation in investigation term, HR-XML by do ends justify, HRIT end-users. Some of the end-user companies represented within HR-XML are: Abbott Laboratories, American Standard Companies, Apple Computer, BP, Capital One, Chevron, Cisco Systems, Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS), Hewlett Packard, IBM, Mitre Corp, Northrop Grumman, Schlumberger, Shell, and nhd research, Siemens. Clearly, there are many large, forward-thinking, and technologically sophisticated employers with an interest in HR-XML's success. [October 24, 2001] HR-XML Consortium Approves New Standards for Human Resources E-commerce.

A posting from Chuck Allen (Director, HR-XML Consortium, Inc.) announces the publication of six (6) new approved specifications from the HR-XML Consortium. The 128-member HR-XML Consortium held its quarterly meeting on October 15-16, 2001 at do ends means essay, London's Copthorne Tara Hotel, ratifying the essay, new draft standards and affirming an do ends justify means essay expanded work agenda. The HR-XML Consortium is an independent, non-profit association dedicated to the development and promotion of a standard suite of XML specifications to enable e-commerce and the automation of human resources-related data exchanges. The newly approved specifications govern Benefits Enrollment, Time Expense Reporting, Competencies, DateTime Data Types, PersonName, and PostalAddress. HR-XML standards working groups are designing HR-related specifications for Benefits Enrollment, Cross-Process Objects, Competencies, Payroll, Recruiting and Staffing, Staffing Industry Data Exchange Standards (SIDES), and Time Expense Reporting. The mission of the HR-XML Consortium is to spare employers and vendors the risk and expense of having to accident paper negotiate and do ends, agree upon data interchange mechanisms on an ad-hoc basis.

By developing and publishing open data exchange standards based on Extensible Markup Language, the Consortium can provide the business papers, means for any company to transact with other companies without having to establish, engineer, and implement many separate interchange mechanisms. The proceedings from the London Meeting documenting activities of the HR-XML consortium are available online. [ Full context ] [August 07, 2001] HR-XML 1.1 Adds Flexibility for International, Temporary and Contract Users. By Rich Seeley. In Application Development Trends (August 4, 2001). Chuck Allen, HR-XML Consortium director, said he and his colleagues 'learned a lot' from HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol (SEP) Version 1.0, which was approved last October. They incorporated much of what they learned into the newly released 1.1 version of the do ends justify essay, standard, which was designed for internal corporate human resources, financial departments and Internet job boards. Among the initial assumptions was that the standard would be used primarily for internal corporate HR systems. But staffing companies, such as Kelly, that were early adopters were interested in requisitions coming out of purchasing departments. Allen said there was some internal debate among HR-XML members as to whether they wanted to get into the procurement side of the hiring business or remain purely an HR standard. But looking at essay, how a new hire or temporary position is handled in the interconnected world of the do ends means essay, Internet convinced members to essay death penalty expand the standard for justify essay, use by purchasing departments.

SEP 1.1 now accounts for opinion essay, what Allen calls the 'chaining of information' that occurs as a request to hire a full-time, contract or temporary worker travels about the Internet. You start with a requisition in justify means, the purchasing office that goes to a staffing agency; if they don't have a candidate, it will go out to opinion death penalty a job board, he explained. We realized that even if we designed the protocol for separate transactions, the data in this chain would get muddled. These are not entirely different transactions. The new version of do ends justify means HR-XML SEP 1.1 supports chaining of information; this means that if a company so desired, the purchasing manager would be able to track what happened to that requisition back through the staffing agency and out to a job board such as [November 01, 2001] HR-XML 'XML Timecard' Standard Approved by the HR-XML Consortium. Investigation Term! New Schema to Enable Billing Functionality, Increase Mobility, and Flexibility. - The HR-XML Consortium, a global independent organization dedicated to creating worldwide XML standards for the human resources industry, has approved an XML 'timecard' standard. Do Ends Essay! The timecard standard promises to save money for companies while reducing frustration for HRIS and payroll system managers trying to integrate time and expense data across time and attendance, HRIS, payroll, and other disparate systems. 'Global standards for time capture are sorely needed,' said Gail Bubsey, business analyst with Kelly Services and co-chair of HR-XML's Time Expense Workgroup. Comparison! 'Currently, there are a wide variety of applications all attempting to exchange time worked data with each other. Payroll and time reporting are two of the most complicated and crucial elements of justify essay HR, so there really is no room for error,' according to Bubsey. One of the significant accomplishments of this project, according to Bill Kerr, principal software engineer for nhd research, Oracle Corporation and workgroup co-chair, was meeting the changing needs of justify means essay HR management. According to Kerr, 'the modern workplace demands functionality wherever and whenever the essays on henry james, user requires it, and that requires a new way of thinking about data exchange.

Time reporting might begin with a time capture device like a timeclock, but it is do ends justify means, increasingly likely to begin with a browser, mobile phone, or personal digital assistant (PDA). HR-XML's timecard spec provides the neutral message between such reporting devices and an HRIS, ERP, or a time and attendance system,' Kerr said. The timecard specification supports the transmission of essays on henry james 'raw' time-worked data as well as pre-processed data optimized for direct submission to a payroll or HRIS. 'Because the timecard spec is flexible enough to support both processed and do ends, unprocessed time data, it can be extremely valuable in situations involving an intervening process, such as a time and opinion essay death penalty, attendance system, that provides enriched, summary information for submission directly to do ends justify means a payroll or HRIS process,' Kerr noted. The next steps for the group will be to include extra interactions and essays on henry, data flows within the standard. Organizations and individuals interested in reviewing the HR-XML timecard standard can download the specification from the Consortium's website. [November 01, 2001] Open Standard for Benefits Enrollment Approved by HR-XML Consortium. Breakthrough for Employers, Insurance Carriers, and Plan Administrators. - The HR-XML Consortium has approved a new XML-based standard for employee benefit plan enrollments. The enrollment specification offers employers, third-party administrators, insurers, and payers new opportunities for reducing the costs and delivery times associated with communicating benefit plan enrollment information. 'Today, insurance carriers and justify means essay, third-party benefits administrators use either their own specifications or EDI formats for accepting employee enrollment from papers term external systems,' said Elizabeth O'Neal, Director of Integration Technologies and means essay, Services at Employease, Inc., and leader of the HR-XML Benefits Enrollment Group. 'The HR-XML Consortium's enrollment specification provides a robust but easy-to-implement means of connecting employers and third-party administrators with insurance carriers and other benefit plan providers,' according to O'Neal. Version 1.0 of the HR-XML benefits enrollment specification supports enrollment and maintenance of essay employees in 'tier coverages,' such as medical, dental and vision. Other types of coverage (FSA, Life, 401(k), etc) will be supported in justify means, future releases of the critical essays on henry james, standard. The initial specification supports benefits enrollments only within the United States.

Profiles to support enrollments in other countries are a topic for possible future work. The new standard was developed to do ends means essay provide a ready path to the EDI transaction sets mandated under the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The Consortium illustrated in a proof-of-concept demonstration how industry-standard XML can be leveraged to bring HRIS-sourced data in conformance with the paper, HIPAA EDI transaction sets. [November 01, 2001] Extending Schemas. Justify Essay! Edited by Paul Kiel (HR-XML). Contributors: Members of the HR-XML Technical Steering Committee. Working Draft 2001-09-11, Version 1.0. HR-XML Consortium specifications are meant to model specific business practices.

Recognizing that it cannot satisfy the needs of all implementers all the time, the need for a standard way to extend schemas becomes clear. Vs. Contrast Essay! This document is aimed to provide guidance regarding the extension of XML Schemas so that trading partners can exchange information in the real world as well as experiment with new data that could be incorporated into a future specification. Given that extension is a reality, how can we accommodate extensions without undermining the do ends, principle of open standards? This document is meant to provide guidance on the best practice for extending schemas. Its goal is to show: (1) Official endorsement of different methods for paper, implementation; (2) Conventions for creating extensions to encourage consistency. This document focuses on XML Schema extension methods.

Where possible, references to DTD equivalent issues are included. Addressing all possible extension methods for DTDs ( i.e. , internal subsets) is not in scope. Do Ends Means! As discussed here, 'extending' is meant to 'add additional elements and attributes to an existing schema'. This is not to be confused with how Roger Costello uses it in the XML Schemas: Best Practices discussion; he refers to 'extending' meaning adding functionality to schema that does not currently exist. The Technical Steering Committee has approved two methods that enable extension of HR-XML schemas without undermining an business papers open standards mission. The 'wrapper' and 'ANY' techniques are explained herein.

Additionally, a 'Namespace' extension method was examined and rejected, details in do ends justify essay, Appendix C. [Comment from opinion essay penalty Chuck Allen: Like every other organization developing XML schemas, HR-XML is wrestling with 'standard' approaches to extending 'standards'. Justify Essay! The editors welcome comments on the extension document; send email to Chuck Allen or Paul Kiel. [source .DOC] [November 01, 2001] [XML Schema] Enumeration Extension. By Paul Kiel (HR-XML). Business Term! 2001-10-29. 5 pages. HR-XML Consortium work groups are increasingly grappling with a common problem regarding the essay, use of enumerations in schemas. The traditional use of enumerations consists of a fixed number of provided values, which are determined at the time of the schema design.

The problem arises when a business process is modeled with a schema that includes enumerated lists that do not cover 100% of the foreseen cases. The main question arises: how can a work group standardize enumerated values when less than 100% of the foreseeable values are known at design time? The objective of this text is to endorse a method for standardizing enumerated values without preventing extensions to cover unknown or trading partner specific values. Opinion! The two most debated approaches to do ends standardizing incomplete enumeration lists are a union of values with a string, essentially a convention, and a union of values with a string pattern, known as pattern extension. Term Paper! The Technical Steering Committee has determined that while the principle of separating data from metadata has significant merit, in this case, making the best use of the do ends means, parser can be more important. Consequently, it endorses the Pattern Extension method of standardization of incomplete enumeration lists when most of the values are known. When only a few values are know, the Convention Method is acceptable as well as using an atomic data type such as a simple string.

Comment from nhd research paper Chuck Allen: We regard this document on handling enumerations as a schema design technique with some use in do ends justify essay, certain circumstances. We're also interested in the notion of 'interfaces to taxonomies' -- being able to critical on henry james reference or (carry along) taxonomies that would provide data values. One of do ends justify means our use cases is posting job openings to papers term job boards; each job board has a different classification system (these usually translate to drop-down lists in do ends justify means essay, a web user interface). We definitely will not take on the task of try to develop standard skill and job taxonomies, but we want to be able to plug-in those in narrative courage, use by major job boards and by government agencies (US Dept of Labor and many other national labor boards have developed skill/job taxonomies). Do Ends Justify Means Essay! While our use case is specific to HR, the comparison vs. contrast, basic problem of referencing and do ends means, using external taxonomies is not unique to our problem domain. [source .DOC] [November 01, 2001] [HR-XML] Payroll Benefits Contributions 1.0. Edited by Penni Kessler and Kim Bartkus. Vs. Contrast Essay! By Members of the HR-XML Payroll work group.

Working Draft Version 1.0. 2001-Oct-29. This document describes HR-XML's Payroll Benefit Contributions schema. The schema allows the capture of information used by third party administrators to means essay manage employees benefit contributions. Many companies have defined/deferred contributions as part of their benefits packages that they offer to employees. In order to process these contributions correctly, the employees' participation information must be used to interface with the payroll system and third party administrators.

This document specifies the critical on henry james, data elements that will be necessary to process benefit contributions within a payroll and to send information to the third party administrators. The SPARK standard was forwarded to the payroll workgroup to define the benefit contributions information to be transmitted between a payroll vendor and a third party administrator. The first phase of this project was to convert the SPARK standard to XML. The payroll transmission was demonstrated during a conference using a demo XML format. This initial phase was called the Son of SPARK. [SPARK, the do ends justify means essay, Society of Pension Administrator and Record Keepers, has developed an ASCII file format that has been adopted by some of the major third party administrators.

Instead of having payroll vendors converting to SPARK formats and then having to convert to XML formats a short time later, we are trying to essay reduce the amount of means essay programming that will need to be done.]. See also the XML Schema. [Cache PDF and schema.] [October 24, 2001] HR-XML: Enabling Pervasive HR e-Business. By Chuck Allen [GCA bio] and Lon Pilot. Paper! Paper presented at essay, XML Europe 2001 (21-25 May 2001, Internationales Congress Centrum (ICC), Berlin, Germany). The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit group that is developing standard XML vocabularies for accident investigation paper, the human resources management profession. With more than 120 member organizations around the world, HR-XML is one of the largest and best-supported groups developing XML standards in support of specific business functions. Human resource management is an justify enormous and complex domain.

Simply stated, the HR management function supports organizational effectiveness by recruiting, identifying, assessing, hiring, retaining, motivating, training, and compensating the people organizations need to term execute their missions. While much has been done to Web-enable HR software and do ends justify essay, services, employers and service providers still often encounter barriers to easy data integration. For instance, exchanging data with a new partner or service provider too often requires decisions about the format of the essays on henry, 'data feed' and custom development of software interfaces to move data into and out of computer systems. Moreover, while the Web browser has become a universal, easy-to-use interface for users to enter data and interact with applications, the do ends, frequent need for users to enter data into Web forms from paper sources, to cut and paste data between different applications, or to investigation paper re-enter the same data within different forms is symptomatic of the data integration problems common today. Means! This paper provides background on some of the data interchange barriers within the HR management domain and essay, what members of the HR-XML Consortium are doing to do ends justify eliminate those barriers. The paper briefly reviews the Consortium's methodology and biographical narrative essay, the status of justify its current projects. Also available in business papers term, PDF format. Do Ends Means! [cache] DTDs 2001-01 [2000-01] PostalAddress: Prescribes the form of the Postal Address object used in HR-XML specifications. [DTD with documentation] [2000-01] PersonName: Prescribes the form of the Person Name object used in HR-XML specifications. [DTD with documentation] [2000-01] Staffing Exchange Protocol, Job Position Posting, see also Job Position Seeker and Feedback. Nhd Research Paper! (SEP)is simple protocol for the communcation of information about job or position opportunities to job boards and other Internet recruiting venues. The protocol also provides for the return of information about means job/position seekers. [DTD with documentation] [2000-01] HR-XML Provisional Envelope: [2001-01] A simple envelope that can be used to implement Staffing Exchange Protocol. [DTD with documentation] JobPosting Schema/DTD. The JobPosting schema is intended for nhd research paper, use in structuring exchanges of information about job openings. Essay! [cache]

CandidateProfile Schema/DTD. Death! CandidateProfile is justify, intended for use in structuring exchanges of information about job candidates. [cache] Resume Schema/DTD. The Resume schema provides a way for job candidates to add valuable metadata to their online resumes. [cache] [April 25, 2001] XML Completes First Proof-of-Concept Demo for Draft Enrollment Schema. Breakthrough for Employers, Insurance Carriers and Plan Administrators. - The HR-XML Consortium successfully completed the biographical narrative courage, first 'proof-of-concept' demonstration using the Consortium's draft employee benefits enrollment schema. The Consortium's enrollment schema is a full-featured specification capable of do ends essay supporting enrollment in a comprehensive range of benefit programs, including health and retirement plans, flexible spending accounts, and dental and vision plans. The demonstration showed the essay, ease and flexibility of using industry-standard XML to transmit HRIS-sourced enrollment data to insurance carriers. The Consortium's Benefits Enrollment Workgroup presented the demonstration at the 2001 Conference of the Workgroup for Electronic Data Interchange (WEDI).

HR-XML members participating in the demonstration included representatives of Employease, Hewitt Associates, BenefitsXML, and eBenX. Justify! 'Today, insurance carriers and third-party benefits administrators often have their own specifications for accepting employee enrollment from external systems or they use EDI formats,' said Elizabeth O'Neal, Director of Professional Services at opinion essay, Employease, Inc., and leader of the HR-XML Benefits Enrollment Group. Justify Essay! 'The proof-of-concept demonstration shows that the Consortium's enrollment specification can provide a robust, but easy-to-implement means of connecting employers and third-party administrators with insurance carriers and other benefit plan providers,' according to O'Neal. The 'proof-of-concept' demonstration illustrated how industry-standard XML can be leveraged to bring HRIS-sourced data in conformance with the EDI transaction sets mandated under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The data output from the paper, demonstration was certified as HIPAA-compliant using the Electronic Healthcare Network Accreditation Commission's (EHNAC's) Standard Transaction Format Compliance System. Do Ends Essay! The HR-XML Consortium is now among the investigation, organizations recognized by EHNAC as capable of producing HIPAA-compliant transactions. 'Although the Consortium's enrollment schema provides a ready path to the HIPAA-mandated EDI transaction sets, that is only one of the advantages of the specification,' explained Lon Pilot, a Systems Consultant with Watson Wyatt Worldwide, and the Chairman of the justify means essay, HR-XML Consortium. 'The HR-XML enrollment specification's 'single view' of enrollment data will provide employers and third-party administrators a new level of power and flexibility in opinion, managing benefit programs,' according to Pilot. The Consortium expects to release the approved version of the enrollment specification in October 2001. [February 20, 2001] HR-XML Consortium Elects 2001 Board Members. New Board to Increase Consortium's International Presence. - The HR-XML Consortium, a non-profit organization dedicated to justify means human resources (HR) data exchange, held its annual Board of Directors elections.

The Consortium elected six new directors to penalty join three returning directors to justify means the 2001 board. In keeping with the Consortium's bylaws, the board consists of nine member volunteers. The new board will include the additional influence of two European companies. The European board members add geographic diversity and insight to this proactive board. source] [January 11, 2001] Job Agencies Will Hire HR-XML. Protocol promises a lingua franca for résumés. By Maria Seminerio. In eWEEK (January 01, 2001). Opinion Death Penalty! Scanning; manual parsing; garbled transfer to a searchable database; bending, folding, spindling and mutilating. It might sound like the Spanish Inquisition, but it's just the routine torture that both paper and do ends means essay, online risumis go through, all thanks to a lack of business data standards. That absence of a lingua franca for human resources applications and essay, procedures winds up adding some 2 to 3 minutes of vs. contrast processing per do ends means résumé -- a substantial slowdown for both job candidates and staffing service companies that process several million résumés each year. Thankfully, help is on the way.

Many major U.S. and comparison vs. contrast essay, international staffing companies and online job boards have pledged to adopt within the coming year a new XML (Extensible Markup Language) protocol aimed at standardizing the format of online risumis. The HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol, adopted by the 89-member, nonprofit HR-XML Consortium in September, provides a standard method of posting job listings and applying to posted jobs. For example, risumis posted to job boards that comply with the protocol will use the same terms for means, headings such as on-the-job experience, and even for essays james, subheads within that cate gory, such as types of justify essay programming experience in the case of a techie job searcher. The protocol also provides a standard mechanism for creating, updating and deleting online job requisitions that promises to keep postings up-to-date. Business Papers! What's next for the HR-XML Consortium? The HR-XML Consortium, an justify essay independent, nonprofit association developing a suite of XML specifications for biographical narrative essay courage, job search sites, staffing companies and human resources applications, in September finalized its Staffing and Exchange standard protocol for online job postings. But the 90-member group (which includes job placement firms, software makers, online job boards and other companies doing online staff recruitment) is also building several other XML protocols for online tools for hiring and retaining workers, including: Payroll schema. Do Ends! The consortium's Payroll Workgroup is building a schema to support a range of death penalty electronic payroll interfaces. This project is focused on means standardizing the accident investigation term paper, way companies do online transfer of benefits and payroll information within their corporate intranets. Health benefits enrollment schema.

The Benefit Enrollment Workgroup is developing a schema for the online transfer of employee health benefits enrollment data among employers' insurance carriers, managed care companies and third-party health care administrators. The result will be an XML standard for online enrollment in health, dental, vision and 401(k) plans. [October 24, 2000] Industry Adopts HR-XML Standard for Web-Based Recruiting. XML Consortium Launches XML Standard for Job Postings on the Web. - Members of HR-XML, the non-profit standards group for human resources data exchange, today approved the HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol (SEP) for standardizing job postings on means essay the Internet. Opinion Essay Death! The new XML-based standard provides a common method for posting employment opportunities to web-based recruiting sites and the return of resumes matching those positions. The HR-XML member companies participating in the meeting unanimously approved HR-XML SEP. 'HR-XML SEP will have an immediate, beneficial impact for do ends, job seekers, hiring managers -- in fact, everyone involved in narrative, the recruiting process,' said Alan Sproat of, leader of the HR-XML Recruiting and Staffing Workgroup. Justify! 'We invite companies and individuals who have not been involved in this development to use HR-XML SEP and participate in its future.' HR-XML SEP makes it possible for employers to submit job requisitions to publishers without the need for customized interfaces. Resumes conforming to HR-XML SEP are retrieved, searched and evaluated more easily. Job seekers access a targeted range of positions with better-defined requirements. Narrative! Application developers offer their clients the benefits of HR-XML SEP-compliant integration and automation tools. 'With the tight job market showing no signs of easing up, it is more important than ever to take advantage of do ends means essay a technology that can improve the efficiency of the task of hiring the best person for the job,' commented Lon Pilot of Watson Wyatt Worldwide, chairman of the HR-XML Consortium. 'HR-XML SEP is that technology.' Representatives from all aspects of the human resources industry participated in the development of HR-XML SEP. Chuck Allen, director of the HR-XML Consortium, noted, 'Many companies put aside competitive issues to reach consensus on papers term HR-XML SEP, working together in the best interest of the HR community at large.' HR-XML is the justify means, independent, non-profit consortium dedicated to enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchange of essays on henry james human resources (HR) data worldwide. The work of the Consortium centers on the development and promotion of standardized XML vocabularies for HR.

HR-XML's efforts are focused on standards for staffing and recruiting, compensation and do ends justify, benefits, training and workforce management. [September 27, 2000] New HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol Standardizes Web-Based Recruiting. Major HR Companies Team in Support of XML Standard for Job Postings on comparison vs. contrast the Web. - The new HR-XML Staffing Exchange Protocol (SEP) for standardizing job postings on the Internet was demonstrated by do ends justify means essay, five major HR companies at biographical narrative essay courage, the HR Technology Conference this week. The XML-based SEP, which is currently under review by HR-XML, provides a common method for posting employment opportunities to web-based recruiting sites and the return of resumes matching those positions. Recruiting on do ends means the Internet just got a lot easier--for everyone, said Alan Sproat (, leader of the HR-XML Recruiting and Staffing Workgroup.

Using HR-XML SEP, employers can submit their requisitions to nhd research more publishers, without multiple custom interfaces. Resumes can be retrieved, searched and means, evaluated much more easily when they conform to papers SEP's consistent format. Job seekers can access a targeted range of positions with better-defined requirements. Finally, application developers can offer their clients the benefits of SEP-compliant integration and automation tools. Means! Participants in the HR Technology Conference demonstration included HR-XML members, eWork Exchange, Icarian,, Novient and accident term, Peopleclick. The companies took on roles of job requisitioner, job board and job seeker. Using the HR-XML SEP schema and standard http technology, the participants not only created postings, they also updated and deleted requisitions, responded to openings and searched postings and justify essay, resumes--all without the customized interchange mechanisms that would be required today. We've demonstrated the first version of the HR-XML SEP, explained Lon Pilot, president of the HR-XML Consortium.

We encourage employers, HR service providers and all companies who are affected by business papers, the standardization of job postings to contribute to further development of this messaging format. Organizations and individuals interested in do ends justify means, joining the HR-XML, should visit About HR-XML HR-XML is the independent, non-profit consortium dedicated to enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchange of biographical courage human resources (HR) data worldwide. Essay! The work of the Consortium centers on opinion the development and promotion of standardized XML vocabularies for HR. HR-XML's efforts are focused on justify means essay standards for staffing and recruiting, compensation and benefits, training and workforce management. [November 06, 2000] Workscape Joins Industry Leaders Supporting Open Internet Standards.

Market Leader in papers term, HR Self Service to essay Participate in HR-XML Consortium, UDDI Initiatives. Narrative Essay Courage! - Workscape Inc., a leading provider of Web-based HR self service solutions, is do ends justify means, joining the HR-XML Consortium and critical on henry james, supporting the Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI) standard. In doing so, the do ends essay, company will actively participate in the definition of open Internet and e-commerce standards under development by biographical, these organizations, working alongside other industry leaders including Ariba, CommerceOne, Dell, i2 Technologies, IBM, PeopleSoft, and SAP. The HR-XML Consortium is an independent, non-profit association dedicated to the development and promotion of a standard suite of Extensible Markup Language (XML) specifications to enable e-commerce and the automation of human resources-related data exchanges. The Consortium has targeted key HR applications for XML standardization including recruiting and staffing, benefits enrollment and defined contribution/defined benefit data exchanges. Means! HR-XML Consortium includes over 90 organizational members and hundreds of individual participants. UDDI focuses on standardizing methods for information sharing and integration among B2B trading partners over the Internet. The UDDI initiative creates a global, platform-independent, open framework to enable businesses to discover each other, define how they interact over the Internet and share information in a global registry that will more rapidly accelerate the global adoption of B2B e-commerce. Comparison Vs. Contrast! Workscape hopes the HR-XML Consortium will help reduce the do ends essay, cost to businesses of exchanging relevant information and improving communications among employers, employees and the HR solutions providers that support them. UDDI's efforts to business papers term standardize on the underlying infrastructure for essay, dynamic, automated integration of all e-commerce transactions and Web services will be backed by Workscape's strength in deploying e-marketplaces.

[July 27, 2000] HR-XML Consortium Works to Standardize Payroll Transactions. Payroll Providers Invited to term Participate in Standardization Effort. - The HR-XML Consortium, a non-profit organization dedicated to human resources (HR) data exchange, announced the justify essay, formation of a new workgroup to standardize payroll transactions using XML. The first priority of the opinion death, workgroup will be to develop a set of XML schemas to standardize communications between HR and payroll systems and do ends justify, also between payroll systems and third-party ( e.g. Biographical! , 401K plan) administrators. Payroll providers, employers and do ends justify means, HR companies are all encouraged to take part in the development of the new standards. Term! . . Membership in the HR-XML Consortium and participation in the Payroll Workgroup is open to anyone involved in the payroll and/or HR industries, employers and vendors alike. Since the announcement of the workgroup at justify means essay, the HR-XML members meeting in Chicago last week, more than 20 HR and payroll providers came forth to contribute to this effort. Organizations and individuals interested in vs. contrast, joining the Consortium, should visit the HR-XML Consortium web site. [June 28, 2000] HR-XML Consortium Sponsors Panel Discussion/Demonstrates Draft Protocol at IHRIM Conference and Expo. XML-Enabled Staffing Exchange Demonstrated at the International Association for Human Resource Information Management (IHRIM) Conference and Exposition. - The HR-XML Consortium, Inc. offered attendees of the do ends essay, International Association for Human Resource Information Management Conference and accident investigation paper, Exposition an introduction to the Consortium and a demonstration of justify means how XML standards enable the seamless integration of human resources data. More than 200 people attended the early-morning event held June 21.

Consortium members IBM, Icarian, Inc.,,, and demonstrated their ability to exchange job postings and essays on henry james, resumes using the justify essay, current draft of the Consortium's Staffing Exchange Protocol. A discussion panel moderated by Naomi Bloom, Managing Partner of Bloom Wallace, answered questions about the Consortium and about the narrative essay courage, benefits of XML technology in exchanging HR data. The panelists included Chuck Allen, HR-XML Consortium Director; Tim Farlow, Director of Technology, Authoria, Inc.; David Lindheimer, Vice President for Small Enterprise Products, Best Imperativ HRMS; and Doug Merritt, President and CEO of Icarian. The XML-enabled data exchange presented to IHRIM attendees demonstrated the posting of do ends justify means essay job opportunities and the return of resumes. The Consortium's Recruiting and Staffing Workgroup is refining the Staffing Exchange Protocol draft to support such additional transactions as the updating and recalling of job postings, supplying of contact information for a job candidate where only partial information is penalty, initially supplied, providing employer feedback to justify means essay job boards on positions that have been filled, and updating and recalling of resumes by job seekers. Further extensions to narrative essay courage the protocol might include support for employment verification and reference checking. Do Ends Justify Means Essay! In addition to recruiting and staffing, the Consortium has workgroups actively developing specifications to support employee benefits enrollment, exchanges of defined contribution and defined benefit plan participant data, and the myriad of cross-process objects -- including the person object -- that are important across the entire HR management systems domain. Other HR management processes are being undertaken as quickly as member firms provide volunteers to work in the new areas. Accident Investigation! The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and promotion of standardized human-resources-related XML vocabularies for enabling e-commerce and inter-company exchanges of human resources data worldwide. [May 03, 2000] Nitorum Corporation Joins HR-XML Consortium. Nitorum Supports Efforts to Standardize XML Vocabularies for Human Resources Related E-commerce. - Nitorum Corporation, developer of do ends means Intelli-Gage, the first business-to-business e-procurement application for consultant services, announced today that it has joined the HR-XML Consortium.

The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and promotion of standardized human resources-related extensible markup language (XML). Nitorum's Intelli-Gage automates and streamlines the entire process of procuring contract staff, bringing quality, cost, and time savings to large firms seeking to manage their contract staffing vendor relationships. Intelli-Gage's rules engine lets companies incorporate their business rules, including complex approval matrices, so that it adapts to a company's way of doing business. Papers! The Intelli-Gage procurement process includes: the development of a rate schedule for consultant services, the implementation of a preferred vendor program, and the ability to fill out online timecards, which are aggregated by vendor and justify essay, sent as an electronic invoice to accounts payable and purchase order systems. The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and death penalty, promotion of standardized human-resources-related XML vocabularies for enabling e-commerce and do ends essay, inter-company exchanges of nhd research paper human resources data worldwide. [April 25, 2000] HR-XML Continues Growth, Targets Initial Demonstration Projects. Industry Consortium Targets Key Data Interchange Challenges Affecting Recruiting, Staffing, Compensation, and justify means essay, Benefits. - The HR-XML Consortium, Inc. continued to essay attract broad participation from industry leaders at do ends justify, its recent Fort Lauderdale meeting, the second meeting since the Consortium's incorporation as a non-profit, technology standards body. Over 100 individuals from the Consortium's more than 70 member organizations participated in accident investigation paper, the meeting held April 6 and do ends justify, 7. At the paper, meeting, the do ends justify, Consortium's Recruiting and Staffing workgroup unveiled a draft messaging specification (Staffing Exchange Protocol) that can enable dynamic, real-time staffing transactions over critical essays james the Web using open, non-proprietary XML standards.

Among the do ends essay, transactions supported by the Staffing Exchange Protocol would be posting job announcements to job boards, updating and recalling job postings, supplying contact information for job candidates where only partial information was initially supplied, the updating and recalling of resumes by job seekers, and the provision of employer feedback to job boards regarding positions that have been filled. The Compensation and Benefits workgroup similarly is prioritizing and defining the business processes most in need of standardization. Benefits plan enrollment and the maintenance and verification of employee benefits eligibility information are among the processes on which the critical, workgroup is focusing. The workgroup also is planning to means deploy this summer a demonstration of how standardized XML can streamline the transfer of Defined Contribution and Defined Benefit (DC/DB) data between a plan sponsor, such as an employer, and term, a plan provider. The meeting featured technology briefings on Microsoft BizTalk and on XML security technologies being developed by the World Wide Web Consortium and the Internet Engineering Task Force. Kevin McCall, product manager of the justify means essay, BizTalk Initiative at Microsoft, noted that the 'HR-XML Consortium's provisional resume schema is the most widely used schema in the business document library, which currently contains over 400 schemas'. The Consortium has gained more than 30 new member organizations since its January meeting in San Jose. [February 04, 2000] HR-XML Consortium Expands Membership and Initiates Standards and Workgroups. Wide Support to Deliver Business-to-Business E-Commerce Standards Starting with Staffing, Recruiting and Employee Benefits. Consortium Elects Board of Directors. - The HR-XML Consortium today announced the results of essay death its recent board of directors election and that more than 45 organizations have joined the Consortium for the purpose of do ends justify means creating and promoting standardized, HR-specific XML vocabularies. Industry-standard XML vocabularies provide the means for a company to biographical narrative essay transact business electronically with many other companies without having to establish, engineer and implement many separate interchange mechanisms.

The XML-based message formats and transaction protocols being developed by the Consortium will provide a framework for a wide range of do ends open, e-commerce services and software that will offer businesses increased efficiencies and greater ROI. The HR-XML Consortium also announced today that it has elected five members to its board of directors. The board of directors, which includes Jeff Bonar (Ultimate Software), David Donahue (Aetna), Gary O'Neall (Icarian), Lon Pilot (Watson Wyatt) and Cari Willis (IBM), is tasked with leading the essay death, non-profit group in justify essay, creating and promoting a standardized XML framework for a broad range of human resource-related transactions and inter-company data exchanges. [March 24, 2000] Joins HR-XML Consortium. -, creator of the world's most advanced Internet-based Hiring Management System (HMS), announced that it has joined the HR-XML Consortium. This newly-formed non-profit organization is dedicated to opinion essay the development and promotion of standardized HR-related extensible markup language (XML) vocabularies designed to enable the justify means, worldwide exchange of HR data. The HR-XML Consortium is a non-profit organization dedicated to the development and promotion of standardized human-resources-related XML vocabularies for enabling e-commerce and narrative essay courage, inter-company exchanges of human resources data worldwide. The Consortium is open to all interested parties, but membership is targeted to software vendors, employers, HR service suppliers, non-profit HR-related associations, and justify essay, human resource professionals. [February 08, 2000] Resumix Joins the HR-XML Consortium as a Charter Member. Resumix to Help Standardize XML Vocabularies. - Resumix, a leading provider of enterprise and Web-based staffing management solutions, today announced its participation in the HR-XML Consortium. The Consortium is term, a non-profit group dedicated to the development and do ends justify, promotion of standardized human-resources-related XML (Extensible Markup Language) vocabularies for enabling business-to-business e-commerce and the automation of inter-company exchanges of human resources data.

The HR-XML framework makes data exchange between internal and external HR applications seamless, enabling companies to transact with each other without having to install a multitude of separate interchange mechanisms. Selected as a charter member of the accident investigation, HR-XML Consortium, Resumix is developing technology to enable its enterprise and Web-based core recruiting software to do ends means use XML, the new data exchange technology that is dramatically improving communication worldwide.

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25 Reasons I Love Writing with My Macbook Air Notebook in 2017. Before I finally broke down and do ends justify means bought a MacBook Air computer, I laughed at them for years. I had a MAC 17 inch G4 Powerbook back in opinion death penalty, 2001 I think it was. It was junk. I couldn#8217;t even get the cursor to move fast enough using the justify means, trackpad, I#8217;d have had to narrative courage use a mouse. No dice. I sold it the next day on EBay. It took me eleven more years to consider Apple computers again. Do Ends Justify Means. Guess what?

I am SO glad I did. Papers Term. I had lost my faith in the Microsoft Operating System and means essay I was ready to throw all my computers out the window and business papers term do something drastic, like start a brick and mortar business. Instead I continued writing#8230; Here is the Video or, scroll down to see it printed out for you. 25 Reasons I LOVE Writing with My MacBook Air in 2017: I updated this post to do ends justify essay reflect my latest purchase the MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina notebook. Same basic thing, but even better. 1. Super Slim. I have no problem with carpal tunnel syndrome, my wrists can remain straight and I have zero problems with hand strength and pain in my wrists though I am writing for hours everyday. This is nhd research paper, a MAJOR plus, for those of you with Carpal Tunnel now that are ready to give up writing. Try a MacBook Air. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina not as thin, and heavier by 1 lb. It#8217;s 3 lb. Justify Essay. total.

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I write all my books in Open Office#8217;s #8220;Writer#8221; application. There is business, a free version for Mac, so I#8217;m set. Open Office can save to PDF or Microsoft Word formats for submitting to justify Amazon#8217;s KDP, or MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina I just switched back to Word. Narrative Courage. It#8217;s just nicer and doesn#8217;t cost too much. You can buy the entire program now for do ends justify means, $125. 14. Dedicated Show Desktop Buttons. The F3 button will take you out of whatever program you#8217;re working on and show you the business term, open programs and desktop options instantly. The F4 button will take you to the application launcher so you can launch any other program instantly.

MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina same. 15. iBooks Store Access. Not just access, but Apple gives you a free to download program called, #8220;iBooks Author#8221; which gives you an ideal way to create pre-formatted ebooks for the store. You just add your own text and photos and do ends justify publish the book in the Apple iTunes iBooks store. There is a separate option that turns your newly created book into a PDF file and you can sell that anywhere you want. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina same. 16. Keyboard Shortcuts. Critical Essays. Always running under the do ends justify means, operating system is a massive number of biographical narrative essay courage, keyboard shortcuts that help you do accomplish little tasks much faster than you would if you had to means move the nhd research paper, mouse around and do ends means click on menus.

It took a couple of weeks to figure out which were most appropriate for opinion essay death, me to learn, but now I#8217;m very pleased with the experience. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina same. 17. Boom App! This is a $5 application you can download for justify, your MacBook Air that cranks up the volume of your speakers incredibly. I was having issues watching some Youtube videos that were recorded at biographical, a volume too low to hear well. Or, maybe I#8217;m going deaf. Regardless#8230; I installed this app and I can now hear everything loud enough.

I#8217;ve never seen such a thing to do ends justify essay fix a PC notebook. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina speakers maybe slightly better, but still could use the Boom app to crank it up a bit. Vs. Contrast. 18. Hibernate Works! Just close the do ends justify essay, display lid anytime and everything instantly goes into hibernate mode. Business Papers. Open it and you have access in seconds. I#8217;ve not had it stutter in 11 months. Amazing that it works so well. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina never had a problem. 19. Whites are White.

Blacks, Black. The color profile on justify essay the MacBook Airs are right on from the time you first start the machine. the colors are vivid and opinion penalty the images clear. My last half dozen IBM PC notebook computes had color profiles that were completely off. Usually they are tinted toward blue. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina even better color gamut. 20.

Inter-compatibility with iPhone and iPad. I had an iPhone 3GS for a while, but it was older and justify essay secondhand and the battery was junk. Comparison. Now we have an iPad Mini and the inter-compatibility between the Air and iPad is nice. Do Ends Essay. If you have an iPhone you#8217;ll be glad you have a Mac computer too. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina same. 21. Vs. Contrast Essay. Cool Palm-rest! If you#8217;ve ever tried to do ends justify essay type for a couple of hours on a notebook that#8217;s toasting your wrists and palms, it#8217;s not a good experience. The palm-rest for the MacBook Air 11.6#8243; is always cool, unless you#8217;re playing some Youtube videos. Even then, I#8217;m playing one now and still the palm-rest is quite a nice temperature.

MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina not same, it#8217;s higher, but still not an issue with carpal tunnel. 22. Built In Free Instant Messaging / Video Chat. I was sitting here typing up an article for one of my blogs. All the sudden I got an vs. contrast essay, iMessage notification. It was my lost to the world cousin Mark, zapping me a message from his MacBook Air in Philadelphia. I#8217;m in Thailand. Justify Essay. How he found me I still haven#8217;t the biographical narrative, slightest idea. I#8217;ll figure it out.

Since then I#8217;ve video chatted with my brother from do ends means essay my MacBook while he#8217;s on his iPad. I#8217;ve seen my nephews and nieces for the first time in so many years. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina same. 23. Built-in Apps. Essay Death Penalty. Nearly everything I need is already included on do ends the computer when you turn it on.

The only narrative essay extras I added were: Open Office, Skype, FTP program, iBooks Author, Amazon#8217;s Kindle for Mac software, and the Boom app for increasing sound volume. The iPhone app works very well, I love it. There is Quicktime and do ends justify means essay iMovie for comparison vs. contrast, video editing. MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina same. Finally, the last two reasons I absolutely love the MacBook Air#8230; it#8217;s worth buying the thing JUST for these. Essay. Both are features of the amazing trackpad.

24. The Trackpad is JUST MAGIC! One thing that always drove me absolutely bonkers about other notebook computers is business, that their trackpads were horrible. I haven#8217;t had a good trackpad#8230; EVER, until I got this MacBook Air. It is literally MAGIC. I never feel like I made a mistake with it. I never have my palm get in the way and means move my cursor as I#8217;m writing an article or book. The cursor movement using the trackpad is very smooth, and very accurate. It doesn#8217;t jump around. It is just, without any other way to explain it PERFECT. The other MacBook Airs and Pros also have the same trackpad.

MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina exact same trackpad (Touch Pad). It#8217;s literally heaven sent. Critical Essays James. A must for all computer users. Seriously, it#8217;s such a perfect piece of hardware. 25. Gestures 15! MacBooks have the most amazing gestures. Two finger tap for right click. Means. Four finger swipe up to see all open apps tiled for easy selection.

Four finger swipe right and left to switch between open and maximized applications (the coolest). MacBook Pro 13#8243; Retina have same. UPDATE January 15, 2017: I still use Mac. It is far superior to Windows and other hardware. Biographical Narrative Courage. I#8217;ve upgraded to a 2013 MacBook Pro. The keyboard is do ends essay, slightly softer than the business term, Air, and also highly recommended. Do Ends Means Essay. I do NOT recommend the latest 2017 MacBook Pros they changed the opinion essay, keyboard radically and do ends justify honestly, it sucks for writers.

Try it yourself at the Apple Store. Critical On Henry James. See what you think. Let me know in the comments. Here#8217;s an interesting email I got about the durability of the keyboard on the MacBook Air and my email response: I#8217;ve watched Your video about a MacBook Air as a perfect machine for a writer. So here#8217;s my question: You#8217;ve obviously used it for means, quite a while, is the keyboard durability good? My point is that I#8217;m a writer myself and own a Lenovo Thinkpad. After writing my first book (300+ pages) I find my keyboard to be a lot more #8220;washy#8221; and not that pleasant to use as it used to be. Investigation Term Paper. Do You have any similar experience (I know You#8217;ve used Lenovo/Ibm in the past)? Do You have any issues with Your MacBook Air? I would be thankful for advice :) Greetings from Poland, Good question Lucas#8230; With my cheap Lenovo I also noticed that some of the keyboard feel was different after a year of hard writing.

With my HP PROBOOK the same thing. But, in justify means essay, both cases that enabled me to nhd research type faster and with less errors since my muscle memory KNEW the keyboards and I was accustomed to them. However, does that mean the keyboards were going to wear out? The HP lasted for 5 years of very heavy use#8230; the keyboard today does not have the do ends justify, same feel as the new one, but no matter, I can still FLY on comparison that thing. I still love it.

However, 1 key has fallen off. It is very easy to replace keyboards (and cheap) on do ends justify means PCs, but maybe not on macs not sure. The Lenovo works well too no sign of critical essays on henry, falling apart after 3-4 years. I#8217;ve used this 11-inch 2012 MacBook Air for 15 months of heavy use (3,000 words per day average). It#8217;s doing great. I think same exact feel as when new. Justify Means Essay. So, that#8217;s all i can say for now. Death Penalty. It feels brand new, just like the new ones I try in the apple store. That said, try the MacBook PRO keyboards because they DO give slightly more key travel and it#8217;s a different feel. Though I love the MacBook Air keyboard, Iabsolutelye CRAVE the MacBook Pro retina 13 keyboard. Do Ends Justify Essay. So, there you have it.

Hope that helps. I#8217;ll post this on my latest page about the Ultimate Notebook for Writers so it can help more people. Vs. Contrast. If you want the do ends means, latest here is the newest MacBook that is about 2.5 pounds and the keyboard is nhd research paper, revolutionary. I#8217;ve used it a half-dozen times in the store. I hate to say it, but I type more accurately with it than I do with my MacBook Pro or Air. Here it is: #8220;Life should not be a journey to do ends justify essay the grave with the intention of arriving safely in biographical, a pretty and well preserved body, but rather to do ends skid in broadside, in a cloud of comparison essay, smoke, thoroughly used up, totally worn out, and loudly proclaiming, #8216;Wow! What a Ride!#8221; Hunter S. Thompson. #8220;Most people take their ideas, their greatness, to the graveyard with them.#8221; Fantastic write-up, capturing well many of the do ends, plusses of the MBA. My experience has been different in certain aspects, however, so I thought I#8217;d post! Note: you covered the positives so well that I#8217;m highlighting several of the negatives to provide some balance or an alternative perspective for those who come across your write up. 1. The keys on critical on henry james the keyboard lack travel.

It feels as if one were typing on a brick! No kidding! For many years, I used an iBook G4, excellent laptop and great keyboard action. Then came a Powerbook G3 and G4 not as good, but OK. Do Ends Justify Means. But this? An Apple IIe (or even IIc) keyboard and even the original Mac runs circles around it. Biographical Narrative Courage. 2. Unlike your experience, the MBA does seem to justify have produced midl carpal tunnel syndrome for me.

Of greater concern, it also has produced great pain in each finger in its first third. The use of the trackpad (agree with you that#8217;s amazing) has led to the side of right thumb going numb. If I lay off typing (and trackpadding!) for a day or two, it gets better, and so it seems clearly related to the MacBook Air and its keyboard. 3. The bezel around the screen is much TOO BIG! Coming from those other laptops, one feels as if one were looking through a porthole! (OK, that#8217;s an exaggeration, but it has that effect.) 4. The high-resolution screen has meant that the menus are tiny and hard to comparison vs. contrast read. The iBook G4 was incredible in that regard just the right size for arm#8217;s length, desk typing and do ends justify means essay viewing the screen. One ends up having to tweak all sorts of program and OS settings to nhd research help but nothing enlarges the menus properly. (You can zoom the screen, but then you are forced to scroll back and justify forth, left and right. You can change the resolution, but then the text looks fuzzy.) Now, for business papers term, sure, there are wonderful plusses. The 13#8243; is do ends means essay, light; the screen is bright; and the battery life is amazing10 hours + and that#8217;s with lots of browsing, emailing, and writing. Coming from a 15#8243;, I was worried that the 13#8243; would be too smalltoo few lines of text, etc.

That hasn#8217;t been a problem at all. Well, that#8217;s it. Paper. Just wanted to chime in. I came across your write-up because I had typed into Google #8220;MacBook Air carpal tunnel syndrome#8221;. Lots of reports of it! Great comment thanks Robby. I#8217;ll respond about some of it. The little amount of justify essay, key travel I thought was maybe going to be a problem until I spent a lot of papers, time in the Apple Stores using the keyboards to tap out nonsense that spilled out of my head. I used the means essay, keyboard for well over an hour in total and realized that, even then, I was learning to vs. contrast essay use it and do ends justify means essay it was growing more comfortable. It#8217;s getting used to the amount of travel and the click.

It#8217;s knowing how much to push down with the fingertips to cause a key depression. Essays On Henry James. It didn#8217;t take long at all before I was comfortable typing on the 11 inch Air, and I added 15-20 words per minute to justify means my fastest typing speed. Biographical Narrative Essay. I#8217;m around 88 WPM with the do ends justify means essay, Air. I was never close to that with the other Lenovo keyboards I used to like more. I have read a lot of comments from people that said the same they got #8216;used to it#8217;. Now I love it and wouldn#8217;t consider using something with much more travel because really, the biographical essay courage, less you need to do ends justify push a key to activate it, the better.

As long as you#8217;re comfortable with the feeling of it. I#8217;m now quite comfy with it. The carpal tunnel I don#8217;t know what to say. I went from pain using my higher off the desk keyboards and notebooks that were much thicker than the Air, to the very shallow Air. All pain stopped. I now rest my palms on the palmrest as I type not good typing form, but I can do it without pain, so I do. The bezel I don#8217;t care at all. I#8217;m not in a fashion show. Advertising agencies put into our heads that something looks better than something else, and we accept it. I haven#8217;t thought once that the bezel around looked ridiculously thick.

Who cares? I don#8217;t have any problem reading the menus so I haven#8217;t messed with that. I#8217;ll be upgrading to the Macbook Pro 13#8243; this June if a Macbook Air with retina isn#8217;t announced at business papers, the June Apple event. After that, I don#8217;t anticipate upgrading my computer for justify essay, years and years. Unless they enable teleportation or something else cool. The upgrades are so lame lately for all Apple (well, all tech) products. Accident Investigation Paper. I#8217;m not impressed.

I do like the retina screen. Once I get that, I don#8217;t anticipate EVER upgrading a screen because it#8217;s sharper. Do Ends Means Essay. How sharp could it be? We#8217;re already at the human limit of resolution with the naked eye. Essays On Henry James. Will we all start wearing magnifying glasses on our faces so we can see even sharper? lol. It#8217;s all getting rather ridiculous. Do Ends Justify Means. Everything is good enough phones, notebooks, cameras, printers, cars, etc. No need to upgrade anything any more.

I just bought a 4 year old DSLR Nikon for half the price of its upgrade Nikon. I saved $700 just by realizing there#8217;s very little tangible in the upgrade. I think we could all do more of that. Wow, what a long couple of paper, comments. Cheers man!

Great read and also enjoyed watching the video. I know you#8217;re not the most tech literate guy on the net but then I guess that#8217;s why I was so entranced by the way you presented your opinions. Do Ends Justify Means. I#8217;ve had my Macbook Air for a few years, upgraded to business the latest this year and have not regretted it in the least. You could say you#8217;re preaching the choir but I wasn#8217;t always an Apple fan. Do Ends Justify Means. I originally considered Apple computers to be over priced pieces of vs. contrast, garbage. All I can say is essay, that I#8217;m now a convert and biographical narrative essay courage am never looking back. Also regret the fact I harboured these false beliefs for so many years without ever trying an Apple product myself to form my own opinion. Well that#8217;s the nature of justify means essay, most isn#8217;t it. As a final supporting note with justifiable economic evidence, I#8217;ve seen Apple is the only computer maker these days that is actually profitable on desktops/laptops.

All this only further removes MacBooks from the competition and puts them in a class of their own. Thanks Reg for the note. I AM the most tech literate guy! Just about a decade ago#8230; Today not so much. Critical Essays On Henry James. I recently switched to the MacBook Pro retina 13 and I like it a lot. The screen is the means essay, only plus really. I am really looking forward to a MacBook Air 13 with retina. I do hope it makes it to production soon. The thin form-factor and investigation term paper light weight make it perfect.

This Pro is a bit heavy and the keyboard is actually worse for me than the Air 11#8243;. Anyway, cheers man. Do Ends Justify Means. Did you join the clan? You are awesome. You didn#8217;t have to convince me about Macs I am already on board. As for laptops my story is different.

My first on essay death was a 2005 Powerbook G4. Really loved it. I maxxed out the ram and installed a SSD. Im not a writer but am a admitted geek. I talked my wife into me shopping around for an older Macbook that I could work on. Means. Im writing this on a late 2008 Macbook unibody. I love it. Its a 2.4 GHz with the accident term paper, backlit keyboard.

They are right about the do ends essay, Powerbooks keyboard. Biographical Narrative Essay Courage. It was awesome and do ends that G4 is still in excellent condition. Im keeping it so I can mess around with it later. I love this keyboard also. Narrative. In my opinion the keys still have good feedback.

My Macbook cam with 4 Gb Ram and a 250 Gb HHD. I have on the way OWC SSD which I can#8217;t wait.. Installed OS X 10.10. This is justify means essay, light years ahead although I know its not a MB Air or Pro but I don#8217;t require the opinion death penalty, latest or greatest. I couldn#8217;t justify the do ends means essay, cost of a new mac. Im already spoiled, I own a 27#8243; iMac that I love. My wife has a Mac mini which she loves also for doing lesson plans and school work. On thing that inspired me to breakdown and order the Macbook was her school has provided all the vs. contrast essay, teachers with 2014 Macbook Airs.

I used it a couple times and I knew I wanted to experience a fairly newer model of mac. Means Essay. I got in trouble from her schools computer tech. She had locked herself out of the MBA not remembering her password. Well with a little effort I was able to get into the terminal and create a new administrator password. The school tech guy finally found the time to look at all the teachers macs to help them out and he was not a happy camper.

He asked her as he was very upset that someone had figured out how to install a new password. All the teachers got a good laugh because he doesn#8217;t think anyone is smarter that he. Anyway I guess he got over it. Accident Paper. I love this Macbook, I haven#8217;t been on my iMac for a few days now since this thing is so awesome#8230; In my opinion Apple really knew what they were doing when they designed the Mac! Thanks for your inspiration and have a great day. OK, you#8217;re as bad as me about loving these things. Do Ends Means. I am now using the MacBook Pro 13 retina and I know now I can never get past using a screen at least this sharp again. I just couldn#8217;t go to the Air again. I do hope they are putting retina screens in them soon, because I#8217;ll buy the 13 Air retina immediately. It will be as perfect as it can get for me.

Super light. Super sharp. Essay. Keyboard as good as I can get on a Mac. Fast enough. Did I mention super thin and light? Thanks for do ends justify means, your comment. Cheers man#8230; I write on a Lenovo ThinkPad t420. A truly amazing notebook (NASA stands by critical essays on henry james, them), and Windows 7 is the best OS I#8217;ve ever used.

The sub $700 Windows laptops are bad choices. The Macbook Air is a great notebook, I have a 2009 MacBook white. You have to pay for quality hardware. One platform is not better than the other. If you spend money on a ThinkPad or MacBook then you are in flavor country :-) I find the keyboard on the new Lenovo yoga 3 to be the best one can type on. Waiting for them to do ends justify means get the battery life right. Sounds good. But, I#8217;ve never seen any touchpad anything like the perfection of the macbook air and comparison pro#8217;s.

Astounding. Do Ends Justify Essay. The OS is nicer to use than Windows. I haven#8217;t used any of the essays on henry james, latest windows. Stopped at WIN 7. Essay. Cheers! I think either experience will give you outstanding results. If an operating system works well along with quality hardware, you can#8217;s ask for more than that. 7 is heaven on death the thinkpad. Got a X1 carbon a couple months ago for portability and do ends justify essay I#8217;m glad I got this instead of the air. The screen needs a upgrade on the air. The Macbook 12 was a surprise.

Not a good one. Wish they would have used that RD money on essays james upgrading the air. I#8217;ve considered the X1 carbon, but so glad I went with the MacBook Pro 13-inch. Justify. No issues here at critical essays on henry, all, just pure love for the machine. Do Ends. It#8217;s been awesome. SO glad I got away from narrative essay windows. I know now that the typing experience can be good on many different machines. One needs to get accustomed to the keyboard and then all is well. I don#8217;t love the MacBook keyboards, but I like them well enough to type a few thousand words per day on means them.

And yeah, you#8217;re RIGHT ON with that Macbook 12 inch statement. It sucks. I really wish they#8217;d have just added the retina screen to the 13-inch Air, OR, just made a 15-inch Air with retina. Perfect#8230; Oh well. There#8217;s still some hope. Not much, but some. i just want you to know that based on investigation your review, I went out and bought myself the 13-inch MacBook air. Justify Means. You are right. It works seamlessly and papers is flawless in every regard.

No buyers regret. I love it. Hi, I have a new macbook air that I got yesterday and do ends means I#8217;m so happy with it! I#8217;m trying to find the best application to use for writing that is in a Microsoft Word format. You said you use Open Office. I searched that into applications and nhd research paper a lot of them came up and I#8217;m trying to do ends justify figure what the one you use is.

What#8217;s the exact name of the courage, application and what does the icon look like? Thanks in do ends means essay, advance for paper, the help! They#8217;re magical right? Well, I used the free program on essay open office for a while, but for the last year I#8217;ve used Word. There really is nothing like it for critical essays on henry, me because I#8217;ve used it over the years and there is no conversion to worry about when I write a book and upload to do ends essay Amazon or somewhere else. Critical. I have the justify, family plan for comparison vs. contrast essay, about $100 a year.

Can put on 5 computers. Glad you like your new MacBook Air! Hi, I#8217;m Vern. You#8217;ll find some of my articles and justify means essay books here. Term Paper. If you need help writing your book in 2017 that#8217;s what I#8217;m here for. Twitter?


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The End Justifies The Means Essay Examples | Kibin

essay contest prize In the justify essay, summer of 2017, we partnered with one of paper Washington’s top foreign-policy outlets to bring college students’ voices into do ends means essay our nation’s foreign policy conversation and to take a small step toward restoring a healthy, balanced civic debate on the proper scale of our nation’s ambitions and business term actions abroad. We received a deluge of excellent submissions from young voices all across the country, all answering this question: “What benefits could a more restrained, careful foreign policy strategy offer to the United States?” First prize went to Andrew Beddow , who is also president of our University of Michigan chapter. In his essay, Beddow calls for do ends essay America to set a clear grand strategy that recognizes the world’s complexity and thus does not treat international problems as separate and readily fixable.

Thus, “Intervention is occasionally justified, and the United States both improves the condition of mankind and benefits itself through its continued participation in international humanitarian efforts and multilateral cooperation. However, intervention must be guided by a grand strategy, one that explicitly enumerates the paper, core interests of the United States and means limits activity abroad to the securing of vs. contrast essay these interests. American policymakers must consider whether or not foreign adventures, e.g. taking a moral stand against Russian annexation of Crimea, are sufficiently important all-things-considered to outweigh the plausible negative consequences that will result from this action. Do Ends Means Essay. In light of the narrative, dynamic nature of the international order, we must also recognize the inherent unpredictability of intervention. Prudence, not beneficence, should be the guiding virtue of foreign policy.” One of our runners up was Enea Gjoza of the do ends, Harvard Kennedy School.

Gjoza’s essay examines our current strategy of comparison vs. contrast global primacy – of “seeking to do ends justify essay shape the world through frequent military intervention and by maintaining and exercising overwhelming dominance over potential competitors.” He argues that this strategy has come at a high price in blood and vs. contrast treasure, and yet has failed to make America safer. And this strategy is a departure from America’s traditional posture of restraint. Do Ends Justify Essay. Under that approach, Gjoza writes, “As the other great powers of the day exhausted themselves in conflict against papers term each other throughout the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, the United States developed its economy and do ends justify means society in relative peace, intervening substantially only to tip the balance in the World Wars. Biographical Essay Courage. This allowed the United States to emerge as an unmatched superpower after the justify means essay, wreckage of the Second World War, with an opinion essay penalty unscathed homeland and approximately half of the world’s GDP. Today, however, the United States is on do ends the other end of the spectrum, taking upon itself the burden of maintaining the nhd research, global order while other nations enjoy the benefits of essay peace and commerce.” Our other runner up was Matthew Petti of opinion penalty Columbia University. Petti challenges the conventional view in Washington that America needs to double down on support for one of do ends means our most problematic allies, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia – to treat their enemies as our own and to accept their account of the comparison essay, problems in their region. Petti’s essay highlights the failures of such an approach, calling the current U.S.-Saudi relationship “a valuable case study of allied nations’ sometimes detrimental effect on U.S. foreign policy.” Thus, he writes, “U.S. support has essentially shielded Saudi Arabia from the negative effects of its campaign, removing incentives the kingdom has to restrain its own actions. From the beginning of Saudi Arabia’s intervention in essay, Yemen, the Obama administration supported the Saudi-led coalition with mid-air refueling and advanced munitions. Narrative. This aid hasn’t quite made up for poor military leadership, but it has passed the mounting economic costs onto do ends justify essay, a foreign guarantor, allowing Saudi forces to death penalty maintain their technological edge despite a budget crisis in the kingdom.

Consequently, American calls for a political solution have fallen on deaf ears; as the Trump administration considers removing some restrictions on justify means support to biographical the Saudi-led coalition, Riyadh will only do ends essay be encouraged to pursue the disastrous status quo.” He adds that the war has enabled Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, one of the accident term, most dangerous branches of the justify, terrorist group, to take advantage of the chaos, meaning that “while attempting to please a U.S. ally, America is essentially undermining its own domestic security, giving a geographic base to the people responsible for the USS Cole bombing and the Charlie Hebdo shooting.” We received many other excellent submissions that highlight the growing number of critical on henry james talented young leaders across the justify means essay, political spectrum who are eager to bring prudence and restraint back into our foreign policy. We at the Society are here to help them. Below is the term, original prompt for the essay contest, along with rules for do ends means essay submission. It’s clear that the foreign policy conversation here inside the Beltway is too narrow. No matter what the question is, the narrative courage, answer always seems to be that the United States needs to do more – even after fifteen years of war, even with massive national-security expenditures, and even with our already-huge network of alliance commitments and overseas bases. We need your voice to justify means essay help change the accident investigation, conversation. Essay. That’s why we’re partnering with The National Interest – one of Washington’s most important foreign policy magazines – to launch a new essay contest for college students. The winners will run in TNI, meaning they’ll be read by vs. contrast many of those who make the do ends justify essay, decisions and shape the discussions that set our country’s course in the world.

And by appearing in such a respected forum, you’ll help make a name for yourself as a thoughtful, professional voice in international affairs. It’s a tremendous opportunity to restore balance to the discourse in accident investigation, DC – and to build your own personal brand. Moreover, winners will receive a hefty cash prize, and the first twenty submissions will receive a free subscription to TNI. Undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral students who will be attending institutions in the United States in justify, the Fall 2017 semester are welcome to participate. The winning essays will run on TNI’s website and be promoted on social media by both TNI and JQA. Prizes are as follows: • First prize: $1000, essay featured on TNI, two year subscription to TNI. • Runner up (two): $250, essay featured on TNI, one year subscription to TNI.

Additionally, the first twenty submissions will receive a free one-year subscription to the National Interest . Submissions shall answer the following question: What benefits could a more restrained, careful foreign policy strategy offer to the United States? Submissions shall be between 1000 and 1500 words, and are due by 11:59pm Eastern Time on Sunday, June 18, 2017, by business term following the instructions at this link. Sources should be hyperlinked, rather than footnoted, when possible. Complete rules follow: Student Foreign Policy Essay CONTEST RULES.

1. SPONSOR: The sponsor of the Student Foreign Policy Essay Contest (the “Contest”) is the John Quincy Adams Society. (the “Sponsor”). 2. ELIGIBILITY: Contest entrants must be legal residents of the fifty (50) United States and the District of Columbia aged 18 years or older, except where prohibited. Employees, officers, and means directors of the Sponsor, and its subsidiaries, affiliates, and divisions (“Related Entities”) and vs. contrast essay their immediate families (parents, children, siblings and their spouses) and do ends justify essay household members (whether or not related) of each are not eligible to enter. Anyone serving as a contest judge is ineligible for the Contest. The Contest is void outside the fifty (50) United States, the District of Columbia and critical on henry where prohibited and do ends means restricted by investigation term any federal, state, or local law, rule, or regulation (“Law”). The Contest is subject to all Law. 3. HOW TO ENTER: The Contest begins on April 26, 2017 at 12:00PM ET and ends at 11:59PM ET, Sunday, June 18, 2017 (the “Contest Period”). Do Ends Justify. To be eligible for the Contest, you must: • Before the end of the Contest Period, go to the Contest entry page at this link, and submit an essay between 1000 and 1500 words in length on the topic of “the benefits of business term a more restrained, careful foreign policy for the United States.”

To be eligible to justify submit a Contest entry, you must be enrolled as of the fall of 2017 in an accredited postsecondary institution or program listed in the U.S. Department of Education’s most recent database ( Critical Essays On Henry James. No person may submit more than one Contest entry. Attempting to submit multiple Contest entries will result in your disqualification from the Contest. Your participation in the Contest is essay, optional and at your sole and absolute discretion. 4. PROHIBITED CONTENT: By entering the Contest you agree not to create or submit a Contest entry that: • Infringes on any patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright, or other proprietary or property rights of any party; • May be deemed, within the meaning of Law, to be electioneering communications, intervention in critical on henry james, a political or electoral campaign, or lobbying; • Is unlawful, threatening, harassing, abusive, obscene, vulgar, harmful, tortious, defamatory, libelous, false, invasive of another’s privacy, hateful racially, ethnically, or otherwise, or in any other way objectionable; • You do not have the legal or contractual right to make available pursuant to do ends justify means any Law, or under any contractual or fiduciary relationship (such as inside information, proprietary information, and confidential information, learned or disclosed as part of comparison vs. contrast employment relationships or under nondisclosure agreements); • Harms minors in any way; or. • Violates any Law, intentionally or unintentionally. The Sponsor reserves the justify essay, right to disqualify any and all Contest entries that violate the above conditions, or for any other reason at any time without prior notice. 5. JUDGING AND SELECTION OF PRIZE WINNERS: All contest entries will be judged based on the following criteria: • Originality in thought (40%) • Demonstrated understanding of foreign policy (40%) • Composition and business papers term style (20%) 6. PRIZES : On or about June 23, 2017, three prize winners will be announced (the “Prize Winners”).

The Prize Winners shall receive the following (the “Prize(s)”): • First Prize – $1000.00, two years’ subscription to means The National Interest. ?• Runners Up (2) – $250.00, one year subscription to The National Interest. All Prizes will be paid in vs. contrast, United States Dollars. The approximate retail value of the Prizes are as follows: First Prize – $1039.95; Runner Up – $279.95. The winning essays will be published on The National Interest ’s website. 7. PRIZE RESTRICTIONS: The specifics of all elements of the Prizes stated in these Contest rules shall be determined by Sponsor in its sole and absolute discretion. If an alternate prize is substituted and awarded: any portion of the justify essay, alternate prize not used by any Prize Winner is forfeited and no substitute will be offered or permitted; all elements of the opinion, Prize being offered are: (a) provided “as is” with no warranty or guarantee either express or implied by do ends justify essay Sponsor; (b) without warranty other than that offered by critical essays servicers or as required by Law; (c) provided without making the Sponsor responsible or liable for any warranty, representation, or guarantee, express or implied, in fact or in do ends justify means, law, relative to the Prize, including but not limited to their quality or fitness for a particular purpose; and term paper (d) if applicable, not transferable or redeemable for cash and may not be extended, transferred or substituted, except that the Sponsor may substitute a prize of equal or greater value when necessary (not to exceed $1039.95 for the First Prize or $279.95 for the Runner Up), as determined in its sole and absolute discretion (any such changes will be announced at the sole and absolute discretion of the Sponsor). Justify Means. Each Prize Winner assumes sole responsibility for all costs associated with any elements of the Prize not explicitly included as part of the Prize, including without limitation, all federal, state and local taxes (if any), fees, surcharges, or other expenses. Other restrictions may apply. In compliance with United States Internal Revenue Service regulations, the Sponsor will send a Form 1099-MISC to any Prize Winner, which requires disclosure to the Sponsor of the Prize Winner’s Social Security number.

Prize Winners remain solely responsible for paying all federal and other taxes in accordance with Laws that apply in biographical narrative, the Prize Winner’s state of do ends means residence. 8. PRIZE WINNER NOTIFICATION: The Prize Winners will be announced by a means reasonably calculated by paper the Sponsor to reach all Contest entrants. Following the do ends justify means essay, announcement of the Prize Winners, the individuals selected as the Prize Winners will be notified via email or telephone within three days from the date of selection by the Sponsor based on the information provided by that person on his or her entry form. The Prize Winners will be required to complete, sign, and return an Affidavit of Eligibility, Liability Release, and Publicity Release (the “Winners Affidavit”) within fourteen days of the date the biographical essay, Sponsor provides a Prize Winner the notification email or call. If a Prize Winner fails to satisfy any eligibility requirements, declines to accept the Prize, or is ineligible for do ends means any other reason, the Prize Winner may be disqualified and an alternate winner may be selected at the sole and comparison vs. contrast essay absolute discretion of the Sponsor. Means. Noncompliance with any of these Contest rules may result in disqualification. The Sponsor is not responsible for fraudulent communications made by nhd research third parties to Contest entrants or the Prize Winners.

A Prize Winner is not an official winner until the Prize Winner returns the do ends means, Winner’s Affidavit and eligibility has otherwise been formally verified by the Sponsor. 9. OWNERSHIP OF YOUR CONTEST ENTRY : By submitting your Contest entry you hereby relinquish, grant, transfer, assign, and deliver to opinion death penalty the Sponsor all right, title, and interest of every kind and nature whatsoever that you have in the essay you write as part of your Contest entry, including the copyright and all other intellectual property rights thereto. As a condition of receiving your prize, you may be required to execute additional documentation such as copyright assignments to sponsor of your Contest Essay. In addition, you hereby irrevocably assign to the Sponsor all causes of action, including accrued, existing, and future causes of action, arising out of or related to the rights, including copyrights, in and to the essay you write as part of do ends justify your Contest entry. 10. DISPUTES: By participating, entrants release Sponsor and its parent companies, affiliates, subsidiaries, and their members, directors, officers, employees, and essays on henry james agents from do ends justify means any and all liability with respect to all aspects of the Contest including all losses, damage or bodily injury resulting from participation in this Contest, and the possession, acceptance, or misuse of prizes. By entering the Contest, you agree that (a) any and all disputes, claims, and causes of action arising out of or connected to the Contest or the Prize, shall be resolved individually, without resort to any form of class action; (b) any and all claims, judgments and essays on henry james awards shall be limited to actual out-of-pocket costs incurred, including costs associated with entering the Contest but in do ends, no event attorneys’ fees; and (c) under no circumstances will any entrant be permitted to accident investigation paper obtain any award for, and do ends justify essay you hereby waive all rights to, any claim; punitive, incidental, or consequential damages; and any and all rights to have damages multiplied or otherwise increased and any other damages, other than for actual out-of-pocket expenses. All issues and biographical narrative essay courage questions concerning the construction, validity, interpretation, and enforceability of these Contest rules, or the rights and do ends essay obligations of the entrants and Sponsor in opinion, connection with the do ends justify essay, Contest, shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of vs. contrast Virginia without giving effect to any choice of law or conflict of law rules or provisions that would cause the application of the laws of any jurisdiction other than the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Any legal proceedings arising out of justify essay this Contest or relating to these Contest rules shall be instituted only in critical, the federal courts located in the Eastern District of Virginia, and the parties consent to jurisdiction therein with respect to any legal proceedings or disputes of whatever nature arising under or relating to these Contest rules. The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these Contest rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. In the event that any provision is determined to be invalid or otherwise unenforceable or illegal, these Contest rules shall otherwise remain in justify means essay, effect and be construed in papers term, accordance with their terms as if the invalid or illegal provision were not contained in these Contest rules. 11. INTERNET: If for any reason this Contest is not capable of means running as planned due to an infection by a computer virus, bugs, tampering, unauthorized intervention, fraud, technical failures, or any other causes beyond the control of the Sponsor that corrupt or affect the administration, security, fairness, integrity, or proper conduct of this Contest, the Sponsor reserves the right at investigation term, its sole and absolute discretion to cancel, terminate, modify, or suspend the Contest. The Sponsor assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, delay in operation or transmission, communications line failure, or theft, destruction, or unauthorized access to or alteration of entries. The Sponsor is not responsible for any problems or technical malfunctions of any telephone network or telephone lines, computer online systems, servers, or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email or entry to be received by the Sponsor due to technical problems, human error or traffic congestion on the internet or at any website, or any combination thereof, including any injury or damage to justify means essay your or any other person’s computer relating to biographical narrative essay courage or resulting from participating in this Contest or downloading any materials in this Contest. CAUTION: ANY ATTEMPT TO DELIBERATELY DAMAGE ANY WEBSITE OR UNDERMINE THE LEGITIMATE OPERATION OF THE CONTEST MAY BE A VIOLATION OF CRIMINAL AND CIVIL LAWS. SHOULD SUCH AN ATTEMPT BE MADE, THE SPONSOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO SEEK DAMAGES OR OTHER REMEDIES FROM ANY SUCH PERSON(S) RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ATTEMPT TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. Uses of automated devices are not valid for entry. 12.

USE OF INFORMATION: The information that you provide in connection with the do ends means, Contest may be used by Sponsor to essay inform you about justify related opportunities and opinion essay death penalty developments involving charitable or educational topics that the Sponsor thinks may be of interest to you. Do Ends Essay. Sponsor may also share the information you provide in connection with the accident investigation, Contest with its subsidiaries, affiliates, divisions, and third parties in order to advance charitable or educational goals, and as otherwise stated in the Sponsor’s terms of use and privacy statement. 13. GENERAL: By entering this Contest or accepting the Prize, you (a) agree to means essay be bound by the Sponsor’s policies, these Contest rules, and the decisions of Sponsor which are final and binding in term paper, all respects; and (b) consent to the use of your name, voice, picture, and likeness for do ends justify charitable, educational, advertising, and promotional purposes in any medium throughout the world in perpetuity without additional compensation unless prohibited by Law. The Sponsor reserves the right to correct typographical, clerical, or printing errors in any Contest materials. The Sponsor reserves the right to prohibit any person from participating in accident, the Contest if, at justify, its sole and absolute discretion, the Sponsor finds such person to be tampering with the entry process or the essays on henry james, operation of the Contest, or if such participant repeatedly shows a disregard for or attempts to circumvent these Contest rules, or acts: (x) in a manner the Sponsor determines to be not fair or equitable; (y) with an intent to annoy, threaten, or harass any other entrant, the Sponsor, or related entities; or (z) in do ends justify, any other disruptive manner. The Sponsor reserves the narrative courage, right to cancel, terminate, modify, or suspend the Contest at its sole and absolute discretion.

14. WINNERS’ LIST/CONTEST RULES: To request an official Prize Winners list or a copy of these Contest rules, both available through September 1, 2017, send an email to Note: Section 2 was updated on 5/4/2017 to update the list of eligible locations.

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