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APA Format Examples, Tips, and Guidelines. APA format is the essay official style used by the American Psychological Association and is commonly used in psychology, education, and other social sciences. Check out prompts, this gallery of examples, tips, and guidelines for writing papers in APA format. Your title page should include a running head, page number, article title, author name, and author affiliation. Essay. The sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual contained a few changes to persuasion essay onconvincing the manager tutition the format of an APA style title page. Your title page should contain a running head that is mango street essay, flush left at the top of the page and a page number that is flush right at novel prompts the top of the page. The title should be at street the top half of the page and should be centered between margins. Use both upper-case and lower-case letters. This page should include the title of about technology, your paper, your name, and essay your school affiliation. The APA suggests that your title is published christian education, no more than 12 words in length.
Avoid using titles or degree info (such as Dr. or Ph.D.) before and after your name. Your title should be a very concise statement of what the reader will find in the paper. In many cases, your title will identify the major variables and the relationships between them. Mango. For example, #34;Effect of essay, Sleep Deprivation on Math Performance#34; is an example of a succinct title that clearly describes what the paper is about. Street Essay. The APA style guide also advises writers to avoid phrases such as #34;An Experimental Investigation on. #34; or #34;A Study of. #34;.
You should also avoid any extraneous words that do not add meaning to essay prompts your title. All sources cited in your psychology paper should be included in the reference page. Mango Essay. The reference page should appear at the end of your APA paper. The purpose of this page is to provide a list of sources used in your paper so that the reader can easily look up all of the materials you cited. One of the first rules you should observe on your reference page: If you cited the article in your paper, it must appear in the reference list. Conversely, if a source appears on your reference page, it must be cited somewhere in your paper. Your references should begin on a new page with the title References centered at the very top. Do not underline, italicize or place quotation marks around the persuasion essay collge References title.
Some More Basic Reference Page Rules. Your references should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each source. All references should be double-spaced. Each reference should use a hanging indentation: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional line of the reference needs to be indented. Street. In article titles, only the essays and the first letter should be capitalized. If a colon appears in the title, the first letter after the colon should also be capitalized.
The title should not be placed in quotations, underlined or italicized. All major words in the title of a journal should be capitalized; i.e. The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Longer works such as books and journals should appear in italics. In the case where the same author is cited multiple times for street essay different works, start by listing these references in chronological order with the oldest reference appearing first and working your way up to the most recent one.
Learn more about APA references: Tables are a great way to display a great deal of information in a concise, clear and easy to read format. Published Dissertations Christian Higher Education. In APA format papers, tables are generally used to describe the mango results of statistical analysis and other pertinent quantitative data. However, it is important to note that tables are not simply used to replicate data that has already been presented in remembered essays on diaspora music of india, the text of the paper and not all data should be presented in a table. If you have little numeric information to present, it should be described in the text of your paper. Mango Street Essay. The official APA publication manual recommends designing your table with the reader in mind. Strive to communicate data in a way that is clear and easy to understand. Basic Rules for Tables in APA Format. Technology. All tables should be numbered (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3).
Each table should have an individual title, italicized and presented with each word capitalized (except and , in , of , with , etc.). For example, Correlations Between Age and Test Scores. Try to ensure that your title is neither too general nor too specific. Each table should begin on a separate page. Horizontal lines can be used to separate information and make it clearer. Do not use vertical lines in an APA format table. According to the new sixth edition of the APA manual, a table can be either single-spaced or double-spaced. Mango Street Essay. The key is to keep the table readable and the spacing consistent. All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper. Hermann Hesse. Tables should be last, after your reference list and appendixes. You should use a font that is large enough to read without magnification Focus on keeping your table concise.
Too much extraneous information can overwhelm and essay confuse the reader. Technology. Stick to reporting the most important data. Remember that your table is there to supplement rather than replicate the text of your paper. Do not feel the need to discuss every element of your table in your text. Instead, mention key highlights and mango tell the reader what to look for collge tutition in your table. Table headings should be located flush right. Mango Essay. Each column should be identified using a descriptive heading.
The first letter of each heading should be capitalized. Abbreviations for standard terms (e.g. About Technology. M, SD, etc.) can be used without explanation. Uncommon definitions should be explained in a note below the street table. Remembered Essays And The Music. Additional Notes to an APA Format Table. If additional explanation is needed, a note can be added below the table. There are three kinds of notes: General notes, specific notes, and probability notes.
General notes refer to some aspect of the entire table; specific notes refer to essay a particular column or row; probability notes specify the persuasion essay onconvincing to reimburse tutition probability level. Is the street table needed to present data or could the data simply be presented in the text? Does the title of your table clearly but briefly explain what it is about? Is the spacing consistent throughout the rhythms essays and the table? Does the body of the paper refer to the table?
Is each column of the table clearly labeled? If your paper contains more than one table, are they similar in street essay, format and format cover page presentation? Are any special or uncommon abbreviations explained in notes? American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Author: Washington, DC. Journal articles should appear in alphabetical order in your APA format reference list. Consult the image below for examples of journal articles in APA format. Capitalize the street first word in the title, subtitle, and proper nouns. Italicize the name of the publication and essay format page the volume number. The basic format of a journal article reference involves listing authors by their last names followed by their initials.
Next, the publication year is enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. Mango Essay. The title of the novel article should then follow, with only the first word and mango essay any proper nouns capitalized. The title of the journal should then follow along with the volume number, both of about technology, which should be italicized, and the page numbers of the essay article should also be included. Finally, a DOI number should be included if one is available. Referencing electronic sources in APA format requires special style concerns. Electronic References Are Similar to Other References. The basic format of an electronic reference is hermann hesse, very similar to that of any other reference.
However, you do need to essay include the date the reference was retrieved from the Internet as well as the online location of the document. As you perform research and accumulate sources, always be sure to note the technology essay date you found a particular source as well as its exact location on the Web. Use a Digital Object Identifier When Possible. Because online URLs can change, the APA recommends utilizing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in essay, your references whenever possible. A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that begins with a 10 as well as a prefix (a four digit number assigned to organizations) and a suffix (a number assigned by the publisher).
Many publishers will include the DOI on the first page of an electronic document. If a DOI is available, simply include it at the end of the reference as follows - doi:10.0000/00000000000.
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richard ii essay This study guide is intended for students taking exams at GCE Advanced (A2) and Advanced Supplementary (AS) level in the UK, but is suitable for university students and the general reader who is interested in Shakespeare's plays. Please use the hyperlinks in the table above to navigate this page. If you have any comments or suggestions to make about this page, please contact me by street, clicking on this link. This guide is written to format support your study of Richard II . The guide indicates the terms in street, which examiners will expect you to understand the play. It should be used in conjunction with study of Richard II in performance, as far as possible, and of the text in one or more editions designed for study at your level. What other resources should you use? This depends on your own aptitude and readiness for study.
But any serious Advanced level student should expect to use at least some of the following: Editions of the play: The most authoritative version is the Arden edition. Most students will find this challenging, although the introduction is well worth reading. The New Cambridge edition is good (but uses archaic spelling of names) while sound editions are published by Penguin and Macmillan. For critical writing about the play, you should use the remembered and the music of india, Casebook anthology (Ed. Nicholas Brooke, Macmillan, 1973): read the introduction, and study essays selectively, but those by E. H. Kantorowicz and A. P. Rossiter are strongly recommended. Mango Essay. The introductions to the Cambridge and Macmillan texts are recommended, especially Cambridge edn. pp. 16-43 ( Structure, Imagery, Language and Staging ) and Macmillan pp. 4-14 ( When degree is shak'd - the political background ) and pp. 23-37 ( People and essay format page, pattern in Richard II ). At a more basic level the mango street essay, guides from Brodie's Notes (Pan, 1985) and York Notes (Longman) may help you.
For general background information about Shakespeare, Ms. Marchette Chute's Shakespeare and his Stage (University of London, 1953) is hard to beat. Literature reference: Useful handbooks for the general study of English literature include The Cambridge Guide to English Literature and The Oxford Guide to English Literature , J. A. Cuddon's Dictionary of Literary Terms (Penguin, 1982) and Richard Gill's Mastering English Literature (Macmillan, 1985). Use these books effectively: do not try to read them for extended periods like a story (unless you have unusual intellectual powers!) Study for short periods, then write down simple statements of what you want to remember, or questions to hermann essays raise in class discussion. Other people's study guides (like this one) are never as effective as your own. You may wish to use any or all of the street, following ways of owning your study of this play: Customize books/guides with pencil markings, icons, inserts or highlighting. If you have access to suitable computer software, ask for copies of essay page files, and adapt them for mango essay, your learning. Make audio tapes of about parts of the essay, play and your comments on published christian higher education, them, as well as recording spoken essays. Put essential information/quotation on Post-It notes, and display these where you will see them frequently. Richard II is the first play in a series of four (the others are Henry IV, Parts i and ii and Henry V ), the second such series which Shakespeare wrote (the first - perhaps his very first work - was the three parts of Henry VI, followed by mango street essay, Richard III ). In these Shakespeare examines questions of christian higher politics (especially kingship, authority and order) which we meet in others of essay his plays.
Here, however, these issues are considered in relation to real events as known to the writer or his public. At this point, it makes sense to consider whether Shakespeare is essay page, a truthful or inaccurate historian, and what a history play is. If you don't know, find out! As a term to describe a category (kind) of play, tragedy (which means goat song in classical Greek!) originates in Athens in ancient times. Aristotle (a philosopher and essay, scientist, but no playwright) describes rules or principles for introduction technology, the drama which tragedians should follow. These rules have proved helpful as a working description, but should not be seen as absolute: Shakespeare, in practice, ignores them more or less. Street Essay. Comedy is a term applied to the humorous plays of Greek (e.g. Aristophanes) and later Roman (e.g. Hermann Hesse Essays. Terence) dramatists.
For Shakespeare, a comedy is a play with a happy ending - it may or may not be comical in the modern sense of being humorous. In trying to arrange Shakespeare's work into categories (as for publication in book form) editors have produced a third category, of histories . More recently critics have noted that Shakespeare's latest plays do not fit any of these categories easily. Thus we have problem plays (or tragi-comedies) in Measure for Measure and All's Well that Ends Well and pastoral plays or romances in Pericles, Cymbeline, The Winter's Tale and The Tempest . You should know that these labels were not consistently or even commonly applied in Shakespeare's time. Plays classed as tragedies (such as Macbeth ) may have a clearly historical subject. Many of our #147;histories#148; were advertised as tragedies at the time of their performance. This has led to pointless arguments, as to whether Shakespeare wrote Richard II or Richard III as history or tragedy: the street essay, dispute implies a distinction which may not have existed for the writer. For the modern student it does, however, pose a question which is worthy of consideration: how historical subjects may allow the playwright to develop tragic themes. When our play appeared in print the title page read: The Tragedie of King Richard the Second.
The modern student has better access to detailed and accurate accounts of the events depicted in hermann, the history plays than Shakespeare did. We do know, however, that he had a good outline knowledge of the essay, history, and that at points he referred to known sources which are extant (that is, still available to us). Most school editions of the plays will list these. It is novel prompts, clear that in street, places, Shakespeare will change details to suit his needs as a dramatist. There is essay format, a good example of this in Richard II and the Henry IV plays: as he wishes to mango essay present Prince Hal (later Henry V) and Henry Hotspur Percy as rivals for power in the realm, Shakespeare depicts them as of the same age; in fact, Percy was a contemporary of essay Henry IV, old enough to street be Hal's father.
In these same plays, we meet a character called Mortimer (after Richard's death, Henry IV's rival claimant to the throne): two (related) historical Mortimers have been conflated (made into one) to suit the purposes of the drama. There is technology essay, a genuine question for essay, scholars in introduction technology, how far the change was knowingly made, but it seems Shakespeare will not let the facts get in the way of a good story! The dramatic form enables Shakespeare to present characters who voice all kinds of opinions, from which we may, if we wish, attempt to infer the essay, playwright's own view. Such inference is at best tentative: it may lead to novel essay prompts a muddled attempt to understand the mango essay, plays in terms of a modern political outlook. Thus, individualists like Richard II or Hotspur (Harry Percy) are seen as dashing and romantic (in 19th or 20th century terms) while the pragmatic Henry Bolingbroke (Henry IV) is seen as devious and dishonest: almost certainly these are judgements which would not have occurred to Shakespeare or his audience. Shakespeare writes at a time when a period of peace at home has created the very conditions in England which have allowed the introduction about technology essay, professional theatre to emerge and flourish, but where this peace is threatened by the ageing queen Elizabeth's lack of an heir. There is no doubt that his plays (history, comedy and tragedy) all reflect a horror of anarchy and mango, a preoccupation with finding a balance between toleration of harmless pleasure and published, restraint of harmful lawlessness. In order to explore these themes, Shakespeare locates his stories in other (real or imagined) times and places.
In referring to his own times (as at the end of Richard III and mango street, the very late history Henry VIII ) he is careful to praise the Tudors generally and Elizabeth particularly, as he also does by implication in A Midsummer Night's Dream in the figure of the childless Titania. In the second history cycle, beginning with Richard II , Shakespeare considers the king's divine (God-given) right to rule. Though given by God, this right may be forfeited by the king's failure to exercise it (this is Richard's fault). Technically, Henry is neither usurper nor rebel, because Richard freely abdicates. While he lives, however, Richard will always be a figurehead for new rebellions of the discontented.
Henry, seeing this, reluctantly gives the hint which leads to rhythms on diaspora music of india Richard's murder. This is the murder of a man only (he is no longer king) yet the murderer receives not thanks but banishment from the kingdom, on pain of death: Henry's genuine grief at Richard's killing is street essay, something most modern audiences find difficult. In the two parts of Henry IV , we see how Henry, though his claim to the throne is weaker (on paper) than that of essay his rival, Mortimer, proves his right to rule by uniting the country, resisting many attempted revolts and providing a model heir, in his son, Hal. Feeling guilty for Richard's death, Henry intends to mango launch a crusade, but never finds a safe time. Remembered And The Of India. He wrongly thinks Hal to be a delinquent and, even more wrongly, admires Hotspur, the son of his friend-turned-enemy, Northumberland. When Hal becomes king, he has no blood on his hands, and the intended religious crusade becomes more a national expedition of conquest.
Henry V is a celebration of Hal's almost legendary exploits in France, culminating in the great reversal of the odds at Agincourt. In this play, Shakespeare shows a great interest in dramatic rhetoric and in symmetry or balance . For the audience (then as much as now) it has two potential weaknesses: these are the lack of comic interludes, and the lack of mango street essay action. Of the second of these, since there is action of a kind, but much of it ritualized, ceremonial or in formal gesture , more must be said later. The plot of the play in outline is that of the contrasting fortunes of the principals: King Richard , at the height of his powers, banishes Henry Bolingbroke (Bullingbrook, in early editions) Earl of Derby and Duke of Hereford, and heir to the estate of John of Gaunt , Duke of Lancaster. Henry is introduction technology essay, banished as a result of Richard's treachery: his (and Richard's) uncle, the street, Duke of Gloucester, has been killed by Thomas Mowbray, Duke of christian Norfolk, almost certainly on Richard's orders. Bolingbroke accuses Mowbray of treason, a charge he denies, but which is to be proved or refuted in a tournament. Richard sets the time (St. Lambert's Day) and place (Coventry) for the tournament. He presides over it but halts it at the last moment: if Bolingbroke wins, Richard's guilt will emerge; if Mowbray wins, he will have the street essay, king at a disadvantage. Published Christian. So Richard banishes both, but remits the sentence to a shorter time in Henry's case. On the death of Gaunt, Richard seizes his estates to street fund a military expedition to Ireland.
Powerful lords, notably the Northumberland Percy family and other northern lords, observing Richard's mismanagement of the country and hesse essays, his unjust dealing, encourage Henry to return in Richard's absence (in Ireland). The forces Richard has left to guard against such an event either melt away or join Henry, who justifies returning before his sentence is complete by a technicality: he was banished as Hereford; he returns as Lancaster. Richard's actions have been influenced by his favourites, three of whom Henry executes. On his return, Richard virtually surrenders to Henry. While Henry is reluctant to assume the mango essay, office of king, Northumberland pushes him to exploit his power and popularity, and Richard is all too ready to persuasion onconvincing to reimburse abdicate.
Once he has given up his throne, Richard, imprisoned in Pomfret (Pontefract) castle becomes a problem which Henry can only solve by murder, though he wishes to have no part in it. The play ends with an anticipation of Henry's worries about his son, Hal, who has acquired a reputation for foolish and street essay, degenerate behaviour. Although he shows us how Henry gains and Richard loses power, Shakespeare is careful not to express a single judgement on the (real) events he depicts. Rather, a range of about viewpoints can be found, of which more must be said later. Shakespeare wrote plays to be seen in a complete performance which would (for Richard II ) last about two hours. The play would be performed by daylight (between about two and four o'clock) in the purpose-built open air theatres, or with artificial light (lanterns and candles) in private houses of wealthy patrons. The plays were not written to be read or studied and copies of the text were originally made (hand-written) for the use of the performers. It is important to bear this in mind when you are required to study the play as a text (with extensive editorial comment) on which you will be examined. Shakespeare's company was the mango essay, most successful of its day, and his plays filled the format page, theatres.
Many (most?) of the audience in a public performance would lack education and be technically illiterate, but these were people for whom the spoken word was of greater value than is the case today: they would be more attentive, more sensitive to mango street essay patterns of verse and rhyme, and to imagery (word pictures). Shakespeare's scenes represent changes in time or place, but not of scenery, which would be minimal or non-existent. Basic stage furniture would serve a variety of novel essay purposes, but stage properties and costume would be more elaborate and suggestive. A range of gestures and essay, movements with conventional connotations of essay format with cover meaning was used, but we are not sure today how these were performed. In order to understand a play, we have to work harder than did the Elizabethan audience.
To see a play entire (in the theatre or on film), without interruption save for the interval, may be needed for us to appreciate Shakespeare's strong sense of narrative drive, and to see how the text is not the work but a (loose) blueprint for performance . On the other hand, study of text and editors' notes may be necessary for us to appreciate some of the mango essay, attitudes the contemporary audience brought into the theatre. Such notes may explain images and highlight patterns or structures which otherwise we might not hear, or explain semantic change (changes of essays meaning) in words or phrases used by the playwright to convey important ideas to his audience. The instant pleasure of experiencing a work of art (say a feature film or soap-opera or first-person novel) which uses conventions and a range of cultural references which we at once understand is mango street essay, unlikely ever to be found by us in watching Shakespeare in performance. What is amazing is that so much is still accessible, and that by adapting the delivery of lines, and giving some visual clues, performers can make the plays work today. The division of plays into five acts is more apparent to the dramatist (to whom it gives an idea of how the play's narrative structure will appear in performance) than to the audience (though modern audiences often know act and published higher, scene numbers). For the street, student, the remembered rhythms essays and the music of india, numbering of acts and scenes is of enormous importance in identifying a given point in the narrative.
When quoting a passage, always give act and scene number, while line numbers are helpful, too. When you begin revision, make a mental map of the play, so you know what occurs in each scene. List the scenes down the page. After the scene number write no more than ten words about street essay what happens. Follow this with a phrase from a notable speech. e.g. I, iii: The tournament - halted; the disputants banished: . such is the breath of kings (line 214) II, i: Death of Gaunt - Richard seizes his estates: This royal throne of kings. (line 40) IV, i: The deposition scene: Are you contented to resign the crown? (line 199) These are only suggestions.
Choose a speech which is a clue to you. For an outline which you can adapt or customize, click here. The structure of the novel prompts, play in acts. This is not rigid or mechanical, but there is a fairly simple scheme one can see, whereby Richard's fortunes decline as Bolingbroke's go up (he gains ascendancy). But the play ends with hints of trouble to mango street come for the new ruler. You also should be aware of the relationship between public/ceremonial and private/intimate scenes or episodes.
Finally it is worth making a plan of each act, identifying episodes/speeches in introduction about technology, which the principal themes are presented. None of this is a guarantee of street success in novel, an exam. It is essential preparation, to give you the material you need to succeed. General comment on each act of the play. This act establishes a pattern which Shakespeare more or less sustains for street, the whole play, of alternating scenes of a public or formal character with private, informal or intimate scenes. Essay. This is important in essay, establishing a sense of the characters we meet as occupying a public rôle or office and of the private person behind the public face.
This will be an important idea in this play, as in the subsequent Henry plays. The ceremonial of the opening at remembered rhythms on diaspora music, Richard's court and the third scene (the aborted tournament at Coventry) alternates with two intimate scenes: in mango street essay, the second scene we see Gloucester's widow unable to move the essay format cover page, patient Gaunt to vengeance, while the last scene of the act shows the street essay, cynicism of Richard in private with his flatterers. This marks another contrast: in private, Gaunt speaks with exemplary honour and about technology essay, complete integrity, but Richard's private conversation reveals his public ostentation to mango street essay be showy and insincere - he emerges as a cynical opportunist, ready to disregard the law to offset his financial imprudence and wishing the valiant Gaunt into an early grave. For the contemporary audience this last would be the essay format cover, most offensive of his errors: to the Elizabethans, Gaunt, like his grandson, Henry V, is a national hero, of mango essay legendary stature - it is almost as if we have seen Richard planning to deface a public monument. A lot of the characters in the play have several names or titles: while this helps speakers avoid repetition it can confuse the modern audience.
Make sure you know who's who. If not, ask a teacher! Bolingbroke's quarrel appears to us to be as much a quarrel with Richard as with Mowbray. Explain, as far as possible, why his challenge is directed exclusively at Mowbray, but not at the king. Can we see more than one reason for Richard to wish to reconcile the two men? Please note that when Richard says we he speaks of himself (a man) and of his majesty (a metaphysical expression of his kingly office, derived from God). Can you explain the nature of published christian education Gaunt's refusal of the Duchess's plea? Why should Shakespeare show us this private conversation at this point? This is the key scene in the act. Note the street essay, extreme formality of the language, determined by rules of hermann essays chivalry, and the number of people on street essay, stage, as well as the ceremonial garments and weapons which would appear in such a tournament. Novel. All of this is mango street essay, required by the tournament which is to take place: the courtesy of the language conceals the enmity of the disputants.
What is the effect on all this display (of rhetoric, clothing, weapons and action ) of the king's halting of the tournament? Later on, you may wish to format with cover page consider whether this action, taken to safeguard his position in the short term, is an error from which Richard cannot recover. Here we see Richard with his supporters, three of whom, Bushy, Bagot (who does not speak) and essay, Green, appear for the first time. Can you think why they do not appear in Act I, scene iii? What do Richard's various remarks about novel essay prompts Bolingbroke tell us? In the first scene of this act, Richard spurns the advice of the dying Gaunt, and seizes Gaunt's estates to fund his wars in Ireland. Bolingbroke's supporters speak of a plan for the exile to return in Richard's absence, and the next scene brings news, as Richard's flatterers try to comfort the queen, of Henry's return and the enormous support he has received. In the third scene we see this support as Bolingbroke and his allies come to Berkeley in Gloucestershire, where they are confronted by the Duke of York, who has been appointed lord governor in Richard's absence: he rebukes Bolingbroke but is placated by street essay, his statement of his limited ambition.
In contrast, the final (brief) scene shows how the forces left by Richard to hermann hesse essays defend the country have dispersed and gone home. This scene makes clear the power politics of the time. In a country with no standing or professional army, real power lies in the feudal system whereby great lords can rely on mango street essay, lesser local magnates (lords of the manor, sheriffs and so on) to raise armies from their estates, and possess the means to pay them for their service. Essay Prompts. Richard has no extensive estates of his own, but Bolingbroke owns the largest of all (Lancaster) and is backed by the major landowners of the north of England, led by the Northumberland Percy family. Mango. These have mustered a large army, against which the returning Richard will be powerless to act. This scene is dissertations, notable for Gaunt's great patriotic speech (which is often quoted out of street essay its context in the play, and without the last two lines of the long sentence which are required for it to make grammatical sense, as they contain the main verb, and about, which give the essay, point of the preceding images). What does this scene tell us of the state of England, the essay with cover, character or Richard, and how far these two are connected? This scene starts with the private conversation of mango essay York and essay prompts, Gaunt, moves to the public formal interview with Richard, and ends in the intimacy of the plotting by Richard's enemies.
How does Shakespeare use this scene in which nothing really happens (though some important news arrives) as a commentary on events occurring elsewhere? Do the words of the queen in any way modify our view of Richard, and if so, how? At this time, the queen was only ten: why does Shakespeare present her as an adult? This is Bolingbroke's first appearance in the play since his banishment (we are shown scenes neither of Henry in France nor of Richard in mango, Ireland). Published Christian Higher Education. Is there any difference in the way he appears to the audience now? What are his plans for Bushy, Bagot and Green, and how does he characterize these three men? Is his quarrel merely personal or more honourable and disinterested? How does this scene serve as an appropriate sequel to scene iii?
The action here moves from essay, Bristol, where Bolingbroke executes Bushy and Greene (not Bagot, who has fled) to Harlech, in Wales. Technology. Here Richard, returning from Ireland, meets the remnants of his supporters, and learns of the dispersal or defection of others, and passes on to Flint Castle, where he confronts Bolingbroke and submits to his greater force. Although Richard speaks of being deposed, Henry has so far only claimed his right to the title and estates of Lancaster. Mango. In an interlude in York's garden (near St. Alban's) the queen learns from the gardener of Bolingbroke's triumph over her husband. How does the audience see the execution of Bushy and Greene in terms both of Bolingbroke's private concerns and public duty? Compare Bolingbroke's long speech here with that in I, i, 87-108: how does the charge against essays and the of india the two caterpillars differ from street, that against Mowbray? At the heart of this scene is published christian, Richard's receipt of bad news and his response to it. The bad news comes in stages (what are the important details?) from Aumerle, Salisbury and Scroope. Bushy and Greene stay loyal to street the king, and meet death with dignity: what do we think of persuasion collge Richard's response to mango street Scroope's ambiguous statement that the two have made peace with Bolingbroke?
Comment also on Richard's two long speeches beginning at rhythms on diaspora music of india, lines 36 and 144, respectively. Richard's appearance on the ramparts of the castle (using the balcony of the theatre) allows the dramatist to symbolize the king's loss of status as he literally comes down to meet his rival. How does Richard make this explicit in his speech throughout the scene? Comment on mango street essay, the attitudes shown to Richard by Bolingbroke (e.g., lines 31-67) and by Northumberland (who omits his title and chooses not to kneel before the king). Comment on Richard's tendency to reflect (in melodramatic or exaggerated fashion) on essay prompts, his loss of power. There is no reason to street suppose that the gardener, as a master of his craft, would be unlikely to compare the government of the country to the tending of a garden. He elaborates the metaphor, to show Richard has neglected his gardening but Bolingbroke has begun to pluck up the weeds. Introduction Technology. root and all. The reference to caterpillars reminds us of mango essay Bolingbroke's earlier description of Bushy, Bagot and Greene. Comment on the introduction of the gardener, as a kind of with page detached or chorus * figure. How far do we believe in his objectivity, and what weight do his words carry?
*In the mango, classical drama of ancient Athens, the chorus is a group (of people, animals or spirits) which observes the action on stage, and comments about it to the audience. The function of the chorus is to suggest or challenge the audience's understanding. Shakespeare rarely uses a chorus as such (he does, for instance, in essays of india, Romeo and Juliet ), but often transfers its functions to mango essay a character in the play (Iago, Puck, Lennox). Where the previous act moves hundreds of miles in four scenes, this act is a single scene, arguably the higher, most important in the whole play, set in Westminster. It divides into three clear episodes: First Bagot (who has evidently been spared by Henry in return for his information) accuses Aumerle of a part in Gloucester's murder. Essay. This leads to introduction technology essay a series of accusations and rebuttals, compounded by a series of challenges (Bagot, a commoner, may not answer Aumerle's challenge, so Fitzwater takes it up, only for Surrey to challenge him, while another lord issues a further challenge to Aumerle). To help clarify matters, Bolingbroke repeals Norfolk's banishment, only to learn that Mowbray has died. In the second part, York, supported by Northumberland but opposed by essay, Carlisle, presides over novel, Richard's abdication and Henry's accession.
In a brief sequel, the Abbot of Westminster, ostensibly holding Carlisle under arrest, invites the bishop and Aumerle to supper, to learn of a plot against Bolingbroke. In what way is Bagot's appearance here surprising? How does the scene compare with I, i in terms of the way in which the mango street, challenges are issued and taken up? How does Bolingbroke's handling of the challenges compare with Richard's earlier? What is the effect on the audience of Henry's words about Norfolk here? How does Shakespeare express contrasting political attitudes in the conduct of Northumberland and Carlisle in this episode? Comment on the importance of York, as an honest man, in the audience's eyes, here.
How much does Bolingbroke say in this scene (as opposed, say, to Northumberland)? What is the reason for this, and what is its effect? At line 222, Richard asks: What more remains? What is our view of remembered rhythms essays music Northumberland's insistence on Richard's answering accusations of crime, and Bolingbroke's decision (line 271) to save Richard from this humiliation? Is Northumberland insisting merely that justice be seen to be done, or gloating over a defeated enemy? What is the effect of Richard's use of the mirror in this episode? What do you find interesting in Richard's rhetoric here? In what ways does this episode remind us of the end of II, i? In what ways is it significantly different from the earlier scene? Do we see this plot as more or less justified than the earlier one? Why (apart from the audience's historical knowledge) does the abbot's scheme seem unlikely to prosper?
It is appropriate that the final act of the play should both conclude the mango street, depiction of Richard's struggles, and tell of the beginning of Henry's difficulties. Richard, en route, for the Tower of London, takes his farewell of Isabel (who is to return to her native France), only to learn that Bolingbroke has decided to send him, instead, to Pomfret (Pontefract). York discovers his son, Aumerle, to be privy to a plot to kill Henry, and rushes to inform the king, who is also troubled by stories of the essay, riotous behaviour of his son, Hal (who does not appear, but is the chief character of the three plays which follow in this cycle). Mango Essay. The plot is persuasion to reimburse collge, frustrated, Aumerle pardoned and essay, Carlisle banished. On a hint from the king, Sir Piers Exton murders Richard, but is banished for his pains. Troubled by feelings of guilt, but, for the moment, safe from his enemies, Henry declares his wish to novel prompts go on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, though later (in the mango, next play) he speaks more of a crusade. How, in describing her husband's plight, do Isabel and Richard provide a résumé of the changing fortunes of the former and current rulers? Comment on Richard's prophecy of to reimburse Northumberland's rebelling against Henry.
Both Shakespeare and the audience know that the essay, earl did rebel, but, within the world of the play, as in historical fact, Henry did not have prior knowledge of this (though eventually he is able to see it coming). The two parts of this scene express in dissertations, quite different ways York's belief that it is the will of God that the failed king, Richard, give way to mango street essay the new ruler, Henry. Technology. Noting that York has paused, in his distress for Richard, the duchess summarizes the gist of mango street his speech so far, allowing him to describe the popular acclaim of Henry, and the contemptuous rejection of dissertations christian higher education Richard. Essay. On Aumerle's entry, his nonchalant remarks about the proposed tournament at Oxford conceal his real interest, which is introduction about technology, discovered when his father seizes the letter he sees his son to be carrying. How does the mango, audience view the conduct of the two parents and their son in this episode? What is the effect of the king's conversation with Percy about his son? What is the introduction about, audience's view of mango street essay Henry's situation on the arrival of his cousin, uncle and aunt, and of how he deals with this? How important is onconvincing the manager to reimburse tutition, York to the audience as a touchstone or measure of correct political judgement? The short scene iv is by way of an explanation of mango what is to follow.
Why does Henry wish Richard dead? Why should Shakespeare take the on diaspora and the music of india, trouble, in so few lines, to state twice (what Henry supposedly said twice) the king's exact words, and mango street essay, then to give Exton's gloss as to hermann hesse essays what the mango street, words mean? Of what incident in Richard's reign are we reminded at introduction technology, this point? Richard's long soliloquy at the start of scene v is arguably more moving than his earlier comments on his situation, both because it is made in mango street essay, private, and because it is more measured and less excessively self-pitying. How far do you support this view, and why?
What is the point of the groom's words to essays Richard, and the latter's response to these? Henry's fears about the mango, rebels, which he explains to York, are at once resolved by persuasion onconvincing, news brought by Northumberland and Fitzwater, who have executed the ringleaders, save for mango street, Westminster (who appears to have died naturally, possibly in prison) and Carlisle, who is banished. This is the cue for Exton's arrival with Richard's body. What is the audience's view of Henry's treatment of Exton? How far are we persuaded by the king's justification of his words and his wish for introduction essay, Richard's death? His desire to earn forgiveness by means of a pilgrimage seems genuine.
What obstacle lies in the way of the fulfilment of this desire? How effective, and in what ways, do you find the play's ending? General comment on all acts and scenes of the mango essay, play appears above. This section deals more extensively with the most critical parts of the play. The importance of each scene (and, thus, its likely appeal to examiners) is indicated by the star (#42;) rating: the more stars, the more important! Relationship with the play and its general themes. At the start of the play, these two scenes are dramatically effective in introducing the historical situation and characters, and indicating the relationship between the public duty and published dissertations christian higher education, the private concerns of the king and mango, others. The play's first scene outlines the nature of the quarrel between Bolingbroke and Mowbray, which is persuasion onconvincing, really a quarrel between the king and the house of Lancaster. We see how the king, seemingly fully in control, attempts to reconcile the adversaries, then determines to settle their dispute by chivalrous means.
This very public scene is essay, followed by an intimate exchange between Gaunt and Gloucester's widow, in which Gaunt refuses to act against introduction about technology Mowbray, but indicates Richard's responsibility for Gloucester's death: since the king is God's deputy, God's is the mango street, quarrel and it is honourable, in spite of the duchess's pleas, to show patience. We see at once a discrepancy between Richard's public persona (the just and powerful monarch) and his dubious actions; this contrasts with Gaunt's dignity and loyalty in public and private. To see Richard's behaviour in private, we should look to scene iv of this act. The stage directions at the start of these scenes make the most important point. Scene i is full of ceremonial, as the stage is filled with nobles and attendants. Onconvincing Collge Tutition. The scene has a quasi legal character, which we will see more fully developed in essay, I, iii. The scene is full of opportunities for display of duty and chivalry - thus both Mowbray and Bolingbroke state their allegiance to Richard, at which point they may be expected to essay prompts kneel.
It is mango, not clear whether Mowbray's I spit at him (l. 60) should be a literal insult. Though Richard eventually appoints the day for essay format cover, the trial by combat, it is Bolingbroke who issues the challenge in throwing down his gage, which Mowbray readily takes up. Mango Street Essay. Having heard the charge and Mowbray's answer, Richard twice orders Mowbray to give up the gage, but is unable to compel him to do so. By contrast, scene ii is very intimate and private, with only hermann hesse two characters on stage; Gaunt says little but listens patiently, while conveying the impression that this private interview takes place in the sight of God. In the first scene Shakespeare skilfully exploits the etiquette of the court to convey information. As in scene iii, we hear the names of the principal characters stated repeatedly. As later they may be known by name or one of their titles, it is useful to hear all of these. Although Richard's words are at this point sustained by the authority of his office, even here we see very real limits: ultimately his we were not born to sue, but to command is hollow, since his suit has failed (Mowbray has not resigned the essay, gage) and what he commands is simply the time and place of the show-down which Bolingbroke has prompted and Mowbray accepted. Given that three of these characters (Richard, Gaunt, Bolingbroke) are closely related, it is also worth noting at every point what form of essay address is used (intimate: my son, Harry; personal: Thomas Mowbray; familiar: Thomas, Edward or formal: the Duke of street essay Norfolk).
Perhaps most interesting is the persuasion essay the manager to reimburse collge, title John of Gaunt: this name, associated with his personal history and the subject of mango street essay a series of puns through this act, apparently has a special honorific status, and he is happy to be known by it, rather than the formal Duke of Lancaster. Relationship with the play and its general themes. This is the key scene in the first act. Richard's decision in I, i, to resolve the hermann essays, dispute between Bolingbroke and Mowbray by means of a tournament, seems, when he makes it, to be a grand gesture, demonstrating his power and prestige. Street Essay. However, it appears only now that Richard realizes the practical implications of his decision: if Mowbray wins, he knows too much for the king's peace of mind; if Bolingbroke wins, Richard will be threatened by page, his increased status. Halting the proceedings and banishing the men lets Richard apparently retain control of things, but also appears to be a violation of the laws of mango essay chivalry. As king, Richard is at the pinnacle of a hierarchy of laws and privileges; if he disregards these, as he repeatedly does, for reasons of expediency, he undermines his own position. As in I, i, Richard, while acting in a superficially authoritative manner, makes a hasty decision. He cannot foresee its consequences, but subsequent events appear to the audience to result from what happens here.
His banishing Bolingbroke leads him later to seize Henry's inheritance, which prompts the exile's return and effective assumption of power in the realm. This scene can be compared with IV, i, in which Henry presides over events, but in very different manner: where Richard is showy, concerned with the impression he makes, Henry is silent but politically aware. The public, ceremonial character of the tournament is shown in the theatre by published christian higher education, use of costume and properties, and by the arrangement of the actors on stage. The particular garments worn by the king, by his officers, Aumerle and the Marshal, by the heralds, and by the two disputants, indicate at least the importance of the street, occasion, though the essay cover page, costume may show more exactly the status of the wearer. Actions are formal and ritualized: the marshal approaches the defendant (Mowbray) and the appellant (Bolingbroke) to address them. Weapons are presented to them (at line 100) and trumpets sound flourishes and a charge. The enemies occupy opposite sides of the stage (front) with Richard raised up on a das behind them.
All is prepared for the action of the tournament, which never comes: Richard's intervention (which the audience may expect) alters the character of the proceedings, puts himself literally and metaphorically at the centre of the action, but is essay, somewhat of an anti-climax. To halt proceedings, he throws down his warder, which may remind us of the gages thrown down in I, i and IV, i. Any actors not named in the scene will fill the stage as attendant nobles: a helpful sketch of this scene appears in the New Cambridge edition (p. 38). The structure of the scene is, loosely: ceremonial of the tournament, Richard's intervention and sentence, the reaction of the banished men, reduction of hesse Bolingbroke's banishment, his farewell to Gaunt. The ceremonial quality noted above appears also in the language of this scene, where ritual forms are followed: the defendant and appellant are asked to identify themselves and state their causes. Although ready to express bitter enmity, they are required to speak with dignity, and both show the utmost courtesy to street essay their sovereign, though both know him to novel essay prompts be implicated in street, Gloucester's death. Bolingbroke's request, that he kiss the king's hand, is relayed by essay format page, the Marshal, though Richard has doubtless heard it directly, and, to indicate their lofty status there is constant repetition of the full names and titles of both disputants. (Between lines 100 and 112 each occurs three times, with slight variations, Bolingbroke's filling a complete pentameter line of verse!) Also worthy of note are images of discord or imprisonment, references to England and discussion of time and necessity. Finally, here, as elsewhere, it is always profitable to note the forms of address used, whether name, (Bolingbroke) relationship, rank or title (cousin Hereford, Norfolk) or honorific form (my most sovereign liege) - the Elizabethan audience will be alert to street essay the nuances of these, as when Gaunt bluntly addresses Richard as king, at essay with cover page, line 225. Relationship with the play and its general themes. In the previous scene we observe Richard with his sycophantic favourites: we are troubled by his contempt for Bolingbroke, and his readiness to mango street pay for his Irish expedition through dubious taxation and seizure of higher education Gaunt's estates: that he is concerned for Gaunt's wealth rather than his health is shocking. In this scene we see the contrast between the mango street, noble Gaunt who laments the results of Richard's poor administration, and the king's dismissing this honest man as a lunatic lean-witted fool.
Gaunt is motivated essentially by a love for essay format with, his country and dismay at what it has become under Richard's rule; from his conduct in I, ii and I, iii we know that he subordinates his own concerns (as his brother York does later) to street essay those of the kingdom. Yet Richard accuses him of persuasion collge tutition insolence. Once Gaunt is dead, York counsels Richard against the seizure of the Lancaster estates, but his remarks, too, fall on deaf ears: both in his rebuke of Gaunt (lines 115 - 19) and his rejection of essay York's request (lines 209 - 10) Richard gives no reason for his words. He resorts to crude assertion of published christian education his authority rather than justify his actions (perhaps because they cannot be justified - he may know this, or may not even have considered it). The brief sequel to this, where Northumberland draws Ross and Willoughby into his plotting follows naturally: the men discuss what they have witnessed, articulate other grievances and mango essay, look for comfort, of which Northumberland duly speaks. Essay Tutition. Rebellion is shocking to Shakespeare's audience, but it has been well-established by street essay, now that Richard is, as we say, asking for it.
The structure of the scene is clear: first, Gaunt, hoping to correct his nephew's faults, foresees the ruin which will come on England if Richard cannot be dissuaded from his folly; this is followed by Richard's angry and dissertations education, contemptuous reaction to Gaunt, and street essay, his more polite, but effectively equally dismissive response to rhythms essays the kindly old duke of York. Then comes the conspiracy. The first three sections are public, using the full stage, but the final section involves an intimate huddle and hushed voices, speaking treason. There is no obvious use of properties, and Gaunt's condition requires him to be static as he delivers his judgement on Richard's rule. Mango. It should be noted that the king does not hear the famous long speech. His actual rebuke to Richard is interrupted before he can complete it: perhaps we are to understand that Richard, had he been present would not have allowed the royal throne of kings speech to be uttered in full. The interest of this scene lies largely in its language. Remembered Essays. Even so small a thing as the respective greetings of the queen and mango essay, of Richard are significant: where the queen shows respect (noble uncle Lancaster), the king is disrespectful (What comfort, man?) and uses his uncle's nickname (How is't with aged Gaunt?).
The final part of the scene is notable for the business-like giving of information, and the sense of haste and bustle with which Northumberland speaks, but also for an interesting series of remembered essays and the images, whereby we move from a tempest (Northumberland) to street (ship)wreck (Ross) to page the ships which bring intelligence and will later bring soldiers, and the port in street essay, Brittany from which these come. Gaunt's long speech is the manager, formal and rhetorical: it begins as a series of epithets, most introduced by essay, this (the pronoun occurs seventeen times), to indicate some excellence of England. Gaunt sustains the series but delays the main verb clause, so we wait to hear what it is he has to say about this England. When it comes, the rhythms essays on diaspora music of india, effect is of incongruity: Gaunt asserts that this seat of street essay Mars or other Eden now suffers the introduction about technology essay, shame of being bound in rotten bonds of essay ink-blotted parchment. The implied contrast is between the military achievements of with cover page heroic rulers of the past (Edward III, and mango, his sons, the Black Prince, and Gaunt himself, perhaps) and the ignoble tax-farming and blank charters with which Richard has sustained his spendthrift court. The Elizabethan audience would be struck by novel essay, the juxtaposition of images of essay chivalry with those of petty land-ownership and doubtful transactions in law.
Relationship with the play and its general themes. When Richard leaves the stage in II, i, he informs us that he will leave for Ireland the next day. For several scenes now we have observed how others have responded to his absence: Bolingbroke has returned, while Richard's supporters have proved ineffectual to persuasion essay tutition resist him. While Bagot has saved his skin by flight, Bushy, Greene and Wiltshire have paid with their lives for essay, misleading the king. On his return, Richard is at first defiant, then, as he receives more and more bad news, introspective and fatalistic. The audience notes a striking distance between the wisdom of Richard's general comments and his inability to rule wisely. While Richard's exploration of the nature of kingship may earn some sympathy, this is lessened by his attack on his friends.
We have just seen them, under sentence of death, exhibit commendable dignity and loyalty to Richard, whose haste to condemn them is undeserved. Just as he has been politically unwise in following the counsel of his supporters, so he shows a poor understanding of their personal merits. This play is notable for format with page, its changing locations, as Shakespeare tries to street depict events happening throughout the realm. The simplicity of the stage enables places to be indicated in conversation (we know that the essay format cover, tournament in I, iii is at mango essay, Coventry, because we have been told this in I, i, for example). Bolingbroke, landing at christian, Ravenspurgh, swiftly crosses the country, and we meet him near Berkeley. In this scene, Richard, returning from Ireland, arrives at Harlech in north Wales. The structure of the scene derives from Richard's initial expressions of confidence (before and street essay, after Carlisle's comment and Aumerle's elaboration of novel essay it) and his responses to the news brought by Salisbury and Scroope. Mango. Apart from the entrances of Salisbury and hermann hesse essays, Scroope, there are interesting actions at the start of the street essay, scene and near its end. First, Richard appears to embrace the ground (salute. with my hand. greet. do. favours with my royal hands).
Later, as if symbolizing his resignation, he invites his followers to sit with him upon the ground, a course of (in)action from which Carlisle duly dissuades him (wise men ne'er sit and wail their woes. . This is essay onconvincing to reimburse collge, one of the most interesting scenes in the play in terms of language, and perhaps the mango essay, first of those in which Richard, deprived of political power, discovers a new rhetorical power, to dramatize his own loss. It contains many of the play's best-known and often-quoted speeches. In his first long speech Richard appeals to the earth to sustain the rightful order of things by deploying its more sinister agents (spiders. toads. Hermann. nettles. adder) against Bolingbroke. The request is fantastic (it would be at mango, home in A Midsummer Night's Dream where such dangers lurk in the Palace wood) and comes ill from one who, as Gaunt has told us earlier, has so neglected his native land's best interest. That the earth is injured by the rebels' horses' hooves is a poetic conceit: it is Richard in fact who is remembered rhythms of india, harmed. In the next long speech, Richard compares his return to street essay the rising of the sun (an image to which Shakespeare returns in the next scene, and in Henry IV, Part i , where Prince Hal likens himself to the sun hidden behind clouds). This leads to published dissertations christian education a definitive statement of the inalienable right of the king to rule: Not all the mango essay, water in the rough rude sea/ Can wash the balm off from an anointed king. The balm (actually a perfumed mixture of balm [balsam resin] and oil) would be difficult (literally) to wash off (no modern soap or detergent being to hand) but its spiritual effect, says Richard, is permanent. Where dangerous creatures are at first invoked by Richard to harm Bolingbroke, they are now likened unjustly to his supporters whom he believes to have betrayed him (lines 129 - 34). He further offends by comparing them to remembered essays on diaspora of india Judas Iscariot, clearly implying that he is like Christ (he is essay, God's deputy but not His son).
There is no apology when he learns of his error, but Richard reflects on the brevity of life and the certainty of death in persuasion essay onconvincing collge, a notable speech which also acknowledges the common humanity he shares with his subjects: I live with bread. Mango Street. feel want/ Taste grief, need friends. Relationship with the play and published dissertations christian, its general themes. Shakespeare has kept Richard and Henry apart since II, i, but we have a sense in the preceding scenes of essay their imminent meeting, which occurs here. Hermann Hesse Essays. While Bolingbroke is eager to submit to Richard's authority, yet he demands that his banishment be revoked, and his estates restored. Richard is advised by Aumerle to mango essay be diplomatic in the hope that he may enlist allies against Henry in the future. Although Bolingbroke makes a gesture of submission to him, Richard seems to accept as certain the loss of remembered rhythms essays music his throne to his rival. This is one of the street, most interesting scenes in the play in terms of its staging (see the sketch in the New Cambridge edition, p. 39). The balcony represents the ramparts of Flint Castle, and the stage below is the base court, to which Richard must descend. Richard's appearance is likened by Bolingbroke to the rising of the sun: he appears most majestic here, yet there is pathos in the audience's awareness that his power is now to be eclipsed. He is invited to come down, and his descent (line 183) vividly shows his loss of authority.
Gestures of to reimburse tutition submission are important here, too: Bolingbroke says (line 36) that he will kneel, and at mango essay, line 188 he does so - Richard's response suggests either that he believes Bolingbroke is insincere (he isn't, clearly) or that he (Richard) recognizes the inevitability of Henry's seizing the throne. As with the tournament scene (I, iii) trumpets are sounded (line 61; see note in Macmillan edn., p. 170): the hermann, parley is less obviously ritualized than the tournament, but there is an etiquette. Mango Street. Northumberland is rebuked by Richard, who has waited in vain for rhythms essays and the music, him to kneel (we see a similar disregard for traditional courtesy in IV, i). Northumberland speaks as Henry's envoy, Richard responds and accepts the invitation to parley. Bolingbroke, exemplary in observing the etiquette of the parley, acknowledges Richard's sovereignty, but Richard knows, as the audience does, that their rôles have effectively been reversed.
Northumberland's brusque manner towards Richard reveals this, where Bolingbroke is more courteous and deferential. Finally, we should note (by inference from Richard's comment to his uncle) how York weeps to mango street see Richard's degradation. To emphasise the majesty of the soon-to-be-deposed monarch, Shakespeare repeatedly uses his proper title King Richard (not, as elsewhere, cousin, nephew and so on) with one notable exception (line 6) which earns Northumberland a rebuke from York. It is notable that the title is used most often by Bolingbroke, who later refers twice to his majesty and addresses Richard directly as my gracious lord and most redoubted lord. Richard inverts the usual forms of respect, showing mock deference (Most mighty prince, my Lord Northumberland; line 172) and calling his rival King Bolingbroke and hesse, his majesty in the next line, and speaking of himself in the third person as merely the king. Richard's fantasy of exchanging his royal privileges for the simple life of a poor pilgrim is pathetic: he is sorry for mango street essay, himself and articulates his sorrow eloquently enough to stir our sympathy, but this speech is self-indulgent and inappropriate: he could take Aumerle's advice (lines 131 - 2), grant Henry's requests and save face. The symbolism of Richard's coming down, in case the audience has missed it, is spelled out by the king in his exploration of the meanings of the words he repeats (down, base court and up). In his ironic rebuke of Bolingbroke for debasing himself by persuasion to reimburse collge, kneeling (lines 190 - 1) Richard reminds us of essay his own similar action (with a different symbolic meaning) in the previous scene. It would appear that his real objection is not that Bolingbroke has no need to kneel, but that his heart is not in it: Up, cousin, up.
Your heart is up, I know/Thus high at least, although your knee be low. As in format cover, the last scene the king is likened to the sun, but here it is his generous rival Bolingbroke who states the likeness. Relationship with the street, play and its general themes. In one sense nothing really happens in this scene, which is valuable chiefly as comment and explanation on introduction about essay, events, at the mid-point in the drama. It is a very judicious scene in that understanding of the reasons for Richard's failure as a king is mixed with sympathy for his plight. This is one of the series of intimate, private interludes which run through the play, culminating in the most private of street essay all, Richard's meditation in Pomfret, in V, v. The scene is set in a garden: one the one hand this contrasts with the public settings of the play's most important scenes; on prompts, the other, the real garden here, reminds us of mango street essay Gaunt's repeated metaphor (II, iii: This earth of majesty. this other Eden, demi-paradise. this blessd plot, this earth) in which the essay the manager collge tutition, whole country is likened to street a garden, an idea developed in the dialogue in this scene. The queen (in reality a child) is presented as a rather pathetic young woman. Technology Essay. She is made aware of the realities of the mango street essay, political situation, but her helplessness may evoke sympathy for herself and, by persuasion essay to reimburse, association, for Richard. Shakespeare varies a stock device (narrative information being reported by a messenger or well-informed noble to others on stage) as the Gardener is mango street essay, able to dissertations higher education divulge information which came last night/To a dear friend of the good Duke of York's yet which is already no more than everyone doth know: the queen has not been informed of what we would now call the word on the street.
Shakespeare takes some pains over the dialogue here. It is worth noting a number of statements which establish the outdoor setting (about bowls and dancing - which give rise to mango street essay a series of weak puns on rubs, bias and keeping measure - or these trees: presumably the stage posts are used here). But mostly, Shakespeare gives the essay, Gardener an opportunity to expand the idea of essay England as a blessed plot or garden. A close study of essay all the imagery in the scene should be made, but some ideas can be noted here. When the Gardener instructs the Servant in mango street, his task, we may already note the ambiguity of introduction about essay his orders: he likens the ripe fruit to unruly children, while the servant is to be the executioner (we know that Bushy, Green and Wiltshire have just been executed by Bolingbroke's servants). Street Essay. The garden is persuasion essay onconvincing, a commonwealth in the Gardener's government and the weeds are without profit in sucking fertility from the street essay, flowers. In case we miss the point, the Servant now spells out the analogy: Richard has neglected his sea-walld garden. This gives the Gardener, continuing the Servant's metaphor, the chance to explain that the garden is now being tended by Bolingbroke: Richard is likened to a tree sheltering parasitic weeds which seemed in eating him to hold him up; the image is developed as the essay the manager collge, Gardener likens Richard's nobles to the boughs of a fruit tree: these need regular pruning (cutting back) while in extreme cases, superfluous branches (useless or disloyal nobles) are lopped away.
Hearing this provokes the queen to mango street essay join the hesse essays, conversation rebuking the Gardener who in Adam's likeness describes the expulsion from Eden of cursd man in the person of Richard. The extended metaphor of the street, scales, in which Bolingbroke now outweighs Richard, suggests the image of the two buckets (IV, i, 183-8) but in this case Richard is the heavier (with grief) while Bolingbroke mount(s) up on high. Relationship with the play and onconvincing to reimburse collge, its general themes. In this scene what has been implied by Richard in III, iii and discussed by the Gardener in III, iv, is enacted, that is Richard's deposition. There is a ceremony for the coronation of a monarch, but no established form for abdication (hitherto kings have been killed unlawfully by usurpers, but Bolingbroke wishes to act lawfully).
Thus, the principals have to make up the ritual as they go along. Mango. In an obvious reversal of the positions in essay format with cover page, the tournament scene, Bolingbroke presides, while others, Northumberland, York and chiefly Richard, enact the mango, ritual of abdication. Richard has indicated his willingness to resign the crown, but, given a captive audience, seizes the opportunity to dramatize his loss. This is the published dissertations higher education, last scene in which Richard and Bolingbroke appear together. Shakespeare is concerned with the legality of the proceedings: Henry and York wish the abdication to be legal, while Carlisle thinks this impossible and Northumberland is more or less indifferent, but aware of where the power lies.
The scene divides into three unequal parts (the series of accusations and counter-accusations relating to Gloucester's death; the abdication, and the plotting of Aumerle, Carlisle and Westminster). Of these, the central section can be divided further into Carlisle's objection to the proceedings (107 - 161); Richard's relinquishing the crown (162 - 222); his refusal to mango street essay read the charges against essay prompts him (222 - 272); the breaking of the mirror (273 - 304) and Richard's departure (305 - 318). The fourth act of Richard II is an ambitious example of street another variety of essay big scene, the ensemble-scene, in which a massive effect is obtained by street, the presence on stage of a large number of actors, several of whom have prominent speaking parts. Richard is published dissertations christian higher education, given a carefully delayed entry. The scene opens with a short episode involving angry petty squabbling: the quarrel between Aumerle and Fitzwater; which is followed by the excited throwing down of gauntlets. This leads into the next episode, more serious and deeper in tone, in which the Bishop of Carlisle is the chief actor. His impassioned protest against Bolingbroke's proceedings raises the scene to street a new level of feeling. Only then does Richard himself appear, when the scene is half-way through. The effect in persuasion onconvincing to reimburse collge tutition, the scene is mango street essay, that Richard II appears just before the crest of the wave: he inherits the excitement worked up in persuasion essay the manager to reimburse collge, the preceding episodes, and he dominates his scene by riding the mango street, climax.
Emrys Jones, Scenic Form in Shakespeare (p. 15) The staging of the scene once again requires almost the full resources of the Elizabethan stage. Rival factions can be massed on either side of the stage, while the central area will in turn be taken by the various accusers, starting with Bagot, by Carlisle and by novel, Richard. At some point (where is not clear in the text) Bolingbroke will occupy the throne which was Richard's. The three conspirators at the end of the scene remind us of the plotters in II, i. This is a scene in mango essay, which objects are important: as well as the throne, we must note the use of the gages at the start of the scene, the crown which Richard gives to Bolingbroke, the paper (line 269) on novel essay, which Richard's alleged offences are listed, and the mirror. The throwing of the gages becomes almost silly before Bolingbroke halts it. It would appear from line 183 (On this side my hand and on that side thine) and subsequent remarks, that both men hold the crown for some time before Richard lets it go. Mango. In destroying the essay format with cover, mirror, Richard enacts his own destruction while making his (shattered) image correspond truly to his kingship. When Bolingbroke (line 113) states his intention of ascending the throne, he is defied by Carlisle: whether Henry takes the throne at street essay, once or is delayed by Carlisle is not given in published higher education, the stage directions, any more than is the manner of his ascent. As elsewhere, titles are instructive: York addresses Bolingbroke as Duke of Lancaster before proclaiming him Henry, fourth of that name.
Even Carlisle now refers merely to Richard, while Bolingbroke does likewise. Though Richard ironically cries God save the king, he notes that no-one present feels able to say Amen to his acclamation. Richard now associates Henry with the sun (221, 261) while recognizing that he once dazzled beholders as the sun does (283 - 4). As he looks into the mirror, Richard examines the symbolism of the king's face (the word is re-iterated and placed in mango street essay, a series of rhetorical questions: Was/is this the face. ). The term indicates his sense of the difference between the literal face of the ordinary man (he still has this) and the kingly authority others see in the face of the persuasion essay the manager to reimburse collge, ruler (this has passed to Henry). This is street essay, Shakespeare's comment on the doctrine of the King's Two Bodies. For another reading of this scene click here. Relationship with the play and its general themes.
This scene is a bridge between IV, i, where Richard's self-dramatization reaches a climax, and the philosophical acceptance of his situation which redeems and dignifies Richard in format with, V, v. It is a sequel to III, iv, as the appearance of the mango, queen evokes sympathy for Richard, though he seems now not to need this, and tells her so. And it prepares us for the next play in remembered rhythms essays on diaspora and the music, the sequence (Henry IV, Part i) as Richard correctly forecasts Northumberland's future dissatisfaction with his lot, and fomenting of rebellion. Mango Street. Outside the published dissertations christian, political process, Richard has the shrewdness he lacked in office. The action here precedes what York describes at the start of scene ii, which is Henry's and Richard's coming into London. As with the queen's earlier appearance (III, iv) her opening words indicate the location (a street which Richard must take on his way to the Tower of London). Although this is a public place, the guard, who accompanies Richard but does not speak, evidently defers to the queen, who takes her leave of Richard before the Northumberland's arrival changes the mood. The queen's attendants are also silent. Street. The queen is emotional but Richard is composed and serene; as Hamlet does to Horatio, and as Othello does in his final speech, Richard invites his queen, in time to come, to tell. the lamentable tale of essay format with cover page him, which will send the hearers weeping to their beds. The decorum and pathos here contrast with the brusqueness of what follows: throughout the drama, Northumberland acts for Bolingbroke against street essay Richard (rather as Norfolk did for Richard against Gloucester). In doing so, Northumberland has been more zealous than necessary, and his personal malice is evident: we can see Henry as an honest man in an impossible position; we cannot see Northumberland in this light. The force of Richard's stinging rebuke here is felt by the audience, most of whom will know its historical accuracy.
Whether Richard actually made this prediction is not important: in the series of history plays, Northumberland's ambition is hermann, apparent already; later it will be recognized (and punished) by Henry. In Henry IV, Part ii the king sees Richard's words here as an essay, accurate prophecy. Northumberland's curt rejoinder shows that he cares nothing for hesse, Richard. My guilt be on my head tells the audience that this is a bad man. Note the contrast between the strained language of the queen, who invites her attendants (really, the audience) to wash her fair rose. with true love tears, and street essay, the stoicism of with cover Richard, who is preparing for his death (does he guess how imminent this is?) and bids her take up the religious life.
At the end of this scene (81-86) we find the sequence, common in Shakespeare generally, but not in this play, of short alternating lines (known as stichomythia) which also introduce use of rhyme, to mark with pathos Richard's taking leave of the queen. Otherwise the scene is notable for Richard's comment on the deposing of a rightful king, his likening of Northumberland to a ladder wherewithal. Bolingbroke ascends (his) throne (55), and Richard's quibble on street essay, the double divorce - from his queen and from his crown. Relationship with the play and its general themes. Since Richard is alone in his cell in Pomfret (Pontefract), his meditation on his misfortune has more pathos than his self-pity in IV, i. Essay Format With Page. He has discovered poetic and street, philosophic insights into man's isolation, the nature of imprisonment, of imagination and of time. Richard is ready for his death and confront his murderers with dignity and heroic defiance - he is at last the man of hesse action. The audience knows, as Richard does not until the mango, end of the scene, that his murderers are already on the way.
Although Richard has many long speeches, and from Act III onwards these are increasingly perceptive and essay prompts, eloquent, this scene contains his only soliloquy in the whole play. Mango Essay. In acquiring wisdom and stripped of privilege, Richard has acquired the full humanity hitherto denied him by his kingly office and his melodramatic and self-pitying response to its loss. The long speech is on diaspora music, painful to us because we know what is to be its sequel. In his last appearance Richard stood on a crowded stage, to some extent playing to the gallery. Now he has the whole stage to himself at first, followed by a touching and intimate encounter with an ordinary man whose affection for him is plain. Essay. Though the audience may accept that Richard is now only an essay prompts, ordinary man, yet his murder is an ugly act of essay violence which is hard to justify, though politically expedient. Richard's long speech is almost like a poem and important detail cannot readily be indicated here: it is advisable to study the whole soliloquy, looking out for the sequence of ideas and the principal images and conceits. Richard's love of puns is shown when he addresses the groom as noble peer (why?).
You should also note the discussion of roan Barbary, leading to Richard's observation that he was not made a horse but has borne a burthen like an ass, spurred on by jauncing Bolingbroke. Richard and Bolingbroke: the nature of kingship. In an exam you may encounter a question about one or both of the principal characters, a question about the nature of remembered rhythms kingship, or a statement (such as Richard's Not all the water in mango essay, the rough rude sea. Dissertations Education. ) with which you are invited to agree. Make sure you answer the question as set: if it specifies one character, you can only write (briefly) of the other to clarify your subject. The notes which follow should enable you to work out a structure for mango, any question in this area: be ready to arrange your material to support your argument. Structurally, the play charts Richard's loss of power and Henry's ascent: this is made explicit in metaphor (up/down, buckets, base court etc.). In the case of Richard the loss of kingly authority leads to personal growth: Richard acquires humanity and humility, and the play is persuasion collge, a tragedie as he acknowledges the universal nature of suffering.
As characters, the two are readily contrasted - Richard is ostentatious and mango, fond of rhetorical flourishes; Bolingbroke says little, but means much. Essay Format Page. Richard is politically inept; Henry is a shrewd political operator. Richard has an early mediaeval belief in absolute monarchy; Bolingbroke understands modern power-politics and how to mango street essay enlist others' support. Richard's Irish expedition is not well-managed (he leaves York to about guard his interests); Henry's return is managed efficiently. Richard chooses friends who cannot help him in time of need; Henry's friends are able to deliver. Their attitudes to kingship differ radically. Richard sees the crown as his by right; because he is king, his decisions are almost by mango street, definition correct, approved by God and not to be resisted. Henry sees the kingship as a sacred duty which he reluctantly accepts, because he is competent to rule: he does not promote himself or show off, but works to defend the national interest, in the terms laid down by Gaunt in II,i, as he laments Richard's abuse of taxation. The drama gives Shakespeare licence to present a range of hesse views about kingship. Mango Essay. Two extreme views (those of Carlisle and Northumberland) meet with little support, but the pragmatic attitudes of Bolingbroke, York and Henry's allies (other than the Percy family) would appear to receive endorsement from the course of events, and the way in which they are presented.
Richard expresses the view (in III, ii) that the remembered essays on diaspora and the music, crown is mango essay, inalienable: Not all the water in the rough rude sea/Can wash the balm off from an anointed king. This belief receives its most consistent support from Carlisle: when Henry is to ascend the royal throne in God's name, Carlisle cries God forbid. His covert response to Richard's abdication is to plot Henry's assassination: in his eyes murder is less serious than treason, which he believes Richard's supplanting by Henry to be. Since the novel essay, church is the guarantor of the king's divine right to rule, the mango essay, church's authority is weakened by what has happened, so we may see self-interest at work. Northumberland is a very modern type; he may pay lip service to the sacred nature of kingship, but sees the king merely as a man who wields supreme power; Bolingbroke is more powerful than Richard, so he can take his throne. Henry repeatedly resists Northumberland's promptings: he does not wish to go so far, nor so quickly.
While Richard is in published dissertations christian higher, Ireland, York tries to defend the king's interests but recognizes his inability to mango counter Henry's military power. He moves slowly, and when Richard effectively yields to his enemies in III,iii, York weeps (we know this from Richard's remark). But in IV,i, York is central to the deposition ceremony and in V,ii pledges his loyalty to introduction technology essay the new monarch whose state and honour he for aye allows. He shows his loyalty in reporting his son's treachery to Henry; where the street essay, duchess is moved by her feelings as a mother, York subordinates his paternal feelings to his high sense of duty. What York and Henry show the audience is a moderate view: the hermann hesse essays, king is divinely appointed to essay rule, but his kingship is an hermann essays, obligation to the country, not an opportunity for self aggrandisement.
The crown can be forfeited if the king fails to mango rule well. Since Henry's triumph is in a chain of persuasion the manager historical events which leads to mango street essay Elizabeth's accession Shakespeare is safe to depict Richard's overthrow, so long as it is persuasion onconvincing tutition, clear that this is justified by the peculiar circumstances of the time, and by the fact that Richard freely abdicates. Exton's murder is the killing of a good man, but not regicide (murder of street a king). Shakespeare's history plays (especially Henry IV, Part i, the sequel to Richard II ) are quite explicit in condemning treason. Any discussion of these two characters may lead to consideration of recurrent images. The sun and day represent kingly rule; in the first half of the play the introduction, sun image is claimed by street essay, Richard (III,ii and III,iii) but at Harlech Castle (III,ii), Richard speaks of Bolingbroke's fair day, as the crown is to pass to his rival. In the central part of the with cover page, play (especially III,iii and IV,i) images of ascent and descent recur. We use these metaphorically in a loose everyday sense to express ideas of status (high and low; going up, coming down) but they are dramatized in III,iii by Richard's action in coming down from the battlements of Flint Castle, to which his words draw our attention (references to the base-court, kneeling and so on). Finally, as Henry kneels, Richard questions his fealty: Up, cousin, up, your heart is up, I know. Later (IV,i) he will compare himself and Henry to two buckets: as one goes down (full of tears) the other (Bolingbroke) rises.
In any scene, it is instructive to note the forms of address characters use to one another. Belief in Richard's continuing title to the throne can be discerned in these. Northumberland is the street essay, first to essays refer to Richard merely by his Christian name; York rebukes him, but Bolingbroke suggests that it is a slip of the tongue: this may be charitable to Northumberland. After Henry accedes to the throne, characters may or may not refer to him as the King; be alert to this. This play is principally about essay Richard and in the middle and latter parts of the play, he becomes more prominent in persuasion onconvincing to reimburse tutition, the drama.
In Act III he seems by turns pathetic and defiant; his appeal to nature in III,ii is bizarre, his self-pity in this scene and III,iii may appear unattractive. In IV,i, as he loses the reality of power, Richard seeks to dominate the proceedings. Noting that his throne can be taken away, but not his grief, he performs a series of actions which dramatize his situation. These culminate in the smashing of the mirror, an action which suggests a lack of self-control. But in Act V, having taken leave of his wife, Richard gains in dignity. He is reconciled to his fate, sees the mango essay, universal character of suffering and meets his death with courage and fortitude. Novel Prompts. Richard is never a good king, but he becomes a very good man. The king's two bodies and the royal we This should not confuse you too much. The king is believed to be two people in one: the street, ordinary man, and the king's majesty (God's deputy on earth). As these two are embodied in one person, the king refers to himself using the persuasion essay collge, first person plural pronouns we/us to mango street refer to the king and his majesty.
When he is addressed (as king) it is the majesty to whom people speak. This is introduction about technology, one of Shakespeare's plays in which theatrical language is not merely the narrative medium, but is also a subject of the drama: the play is about language. You should be aware that any essay in which you contrast the characters and fortunes of Richard and Bolingbroke will involve comparison of their language, among other things. Briefly, Henry is capable of essay eloquence, as in his accusation of essay format cover page Mowbray in I, i, in his speeches before the tournament in I, iii, and especially in his praise of Richard's sun-like majesty in mango essay, III, iii. But he can be silent, as in his response to Northumberland's flattery in about technology, II, iii. His speech is business-like where it needs to be, and he has no time for mango essay, ostentation: as he becomes more powerful, to simplify greatly, so he becomes more sparing of his words.
Richard, by contrast, loves the sound of his own voice. When he has effective power, as at the start of the play, he has a liking for unnecessary display (I, i and I, iii) but is more ready to issue absolute commands than to give reasons (as in II, i). Before he gains power, Henry always tries to justify his actions; when he has power, he tries to present his actions as reasonable, which, mostly, they are. As his power wanes, Richard becomes eloquent in his introspection, engaging our sympathy but indulging in self-pity and jumping to rash conclusions (as in his condemnation of his friends in III, ii). His abdication is blatantly theatrical, but he achieves a more complete humanity and peace with himself in the play's last act. Richard, as ruler, fails to grasp that the introduction about, display of authority needs to be backed up with the reality of mango power . This may mean cultivating his own popularity, as Bolingbroke is said to do (V, i, 7 - 21) but more importantly establishing a broad power base among the remembered rhythms on diaspora music of india, nobility and commons, rather than indulging a clique of sycophants while excluding many of the most powerful in mango street essay, the land. From the start of the play, Shakespeare establishes a sense of introduction technology essay utterances forceful in manner, but not backed up by real power. Richard believes in his majesty, a sacred, quasi-magical quality which comes from God and mango street essay, is inalienable (Not all the water in the rough rude sea/Can wash the balm off from an anointed king; III, ii, 54 - 55) and so do others, Carlisle wholly and Henry to a point. But the moment powerful people cease to believe in this (as Northumberland has) the game is up.
There is a calculating quality in Bolingbroke's speech by contrast: he never threatens what he cannot deliver. In II, i, Richard rants at hesse, the dying Gaunt, speaking of punishment only forestalled by his uncle's age and sickness, then sets in train the seizure of his estates, wrongly supposing that he can do this without risk. But in III, i, Henry actually executes three of Richard's counsellors, one of them (Wiltshire) a noble, knowing that his action is sanctioned by his and Northumberland's soldiers. Discussion of the mango street, play's language can also be thought of in terms of the published christian education, variety of poetic forms and of imagery , especially related groups of images (images of street essay nature, the four elements, the sun) recurring throughout the drama. Space does not permit full discussion of these here, and about technology, you are directed for a more extensive treatment to Brodie's Notes , pp. 86 - 91 ( Style: Variety, Word-play, Rhyme, Imagery ) and the section headed Language (pp. Street. 31 - 34) in the introduction to the New Cambridge edition of the play. You should have a clear sense of the different headings or categories under which you would organize comment on the play's language, and be aware that examiners might invite this comment in general or specific terms. It is persuasion onconvincing collge, quite likely, for example, that you might be asked about the theatrical effectiveness of the play's language - that is, how it works in conveying narrative, giving insight into character or attitudes, and engaging the sympathy or revulsion of the mango essay, audience. Published Dissertations Higher Education. The comment below is the outline of mango street essay a lecture given at a study day for A level students.
notes from a lecture by Dr. Paul Hammond at Leeds University. Language is on diaspora and the music, not just a medium of the play, but one of its subjects. Mango Essay. Language is used as an instrument of political control and manipulation. We are shown how power operates through language. Rhythms On Diaspora And The Music. Political uses of language can be considered under these headings: The rhetoric of command: Richard uses this early in mango street, the play, but not much hereafter. We were not born to sue, but to command. At the end of this statement Richard admits he is already losing power.
The rhetoric of persuasion: Richard tries to about essay patch up the differences of Bolingbroke and Mowbray. This, too, fails. The rhetoric of authentication: Richard and others appeal to the source of their authority. Richard appeals to God. In doing this he reminds others of the mango, source of his power. Bolingbroke does so: In God's name I'll ascend the regal throne and Carlisle retorts in like manner: Marry, God forbid. The rhetoric of display: The power of the monarchy is displayed through verbal imagery (compare also the visual stage imagery of pageantry, costume and theatrical display - use of throne, crown and so on: Richard is aware of both kinds of published higher education imagery). All these kinds of rhetoric gradually cease to work for Richard. Street. The implication is politically dangerous: that rulers have no power if their subjects refuse to be manipulated. The play is very concerned with the use of language.
The audience lived in a society dependent on the spoken word. Those who were illiterate would be used to hearing long sermons and stories. Those who were literate were trained at school in the arts of using language rhetorically to persuade. Having learned to argue effectively they would be well able to judge others' rhetorical skills. Act I, scene i alerts us to the fact that this play is to be about language. Richard begins with the rhetoric of control and novel, power.
He has a monopoly of command here: he is to be the arbiter of the dispute. Mango Essay. In I, iii, the tournament is a ritual with a set order and hermann essays, forms of expression (the closest modern equivalent would be a law court). The ritual here is ancient and traditional and mango street essay, has little to do with Richard's power as king. He chooses to use his temporal power to break the ritual of published christian higher education divine justice on which the tournament is based (God decides in the trial by essay, combat). Richard halts the essay prompts, contest, asserts his own power and dispenses with the divine justice. He replaces the ritual language with his own personal language, and his words are no longer effective, only decorative. The (musical) flourish at line 122 matches the rhetorical flourish with which his judgement is delivered. The power of Richard's utterances appears as he easily remits four years of Bolingbroke's exile, but its limits are noted by Gaunt (226) who observes that Richard is powerless to extend his life. Though Richard's word is law in this scene, it will not be so for mango, long.
From this point in the play we note the contrast between Richard's and Bolingbroke's speech. On his return from exile, Bolingbroke is plain, direct and forceful. In II, iii, line 70 he insist that Berkeley address him by hesse essays, his proper title - Lancaster. When York accuses him of treason in returning before his exile has expired, he justifies himself by a quibble, taking refuge in a legal nicety. Bolingbroke's actions appear honest for a while, as he metes out mango essay, justice to Bushy, Greene and Wiltshire, and his simple and effective words and actions are very different from Richard's flourishes and self-glorification. Bushy, Greene and Wiltshire have razed out his imprese, the heraldic sign which declares his identity of Lancaster. However, the audience may be troubled in wondering by what authority Bolingbroke executes these men. On his return from Ireland (III, ii) Richard greets the earth using a familiar image of mother and child, yet reverses the usual rôles, as he tries to own the remembered and the music, earth and direct it to act as an effective agent of street essay harm to dissertations higher education his enemies.
This demonstrates Richard's compulsive tendency to retreat into a fantastic world of excess and mango street, disproportion. As he invokes spiders and novel essay prompts, toads to be his soldiers, we are aware that he lacks real forces (he is about to find this out). His language is grotesque and street essay, bizarre, not the essay, rhetoric of realistic command or persuasion. In this scene, discussion of language becomes explicit: Salisbury, bringing bad news, says: Discomfort guides my tongue while Scroope refers to his own care-tuned tongue. Richard urges morbid conversation: Of comfort no man speak as he wants to sit upon the ground and tell sad stories. While Aumerle's brief interruptions are all practical, Richard wants only to talk and write. His musings lead him (151) to question his and others' identity. His language isolates him from his supporters; it is no longer functional but self-consolatory. In III, iii, at line 144, Richard turns the power game into a language game: first he asks a series of questions and proceeds, in self-dramatizing fashion, to answer them (Must he submit?/ The King shall do it. ) Then he changes from he to I, indicating a problem of identity. He can no longer use language to display power, so uses it to essay display his spirituality, imagining himself as a humble hermit, but the language disturbs by christian education, its extravagance.
From line 161 on, the language becomes even more grotesque: Richard shows no interest in confronting Bolingbroke's army, but rather in using his and Aumerle's tears to cause foul weather and dearth or to street essay make a pair of graves. He has retreated into essay with page, image-making, but communication has broken down. In IV, i, Richard, on his entry, tries to invent a new ritual of essay uncrowning and to invent the language for this. Essay Prompts. While Bolingbroke presides over the ceremony it is largely Richard who enacts it, and uses the street, objects of ritual: he transfers the crown, refuses Northumberland's paper, but improvises his own confession, and introduces the final ritual object in the mirror, giving a commentary on published christian higher, the destruction of himself which he enacts. In V, v, the solitary Richard recognizes how hard it is to conceive of street essay images, as he tries to invent an imaginary world to people his cell. He can now see the gap between his ideas and remembered rhythms music, language and mango street, the real world; his isolation is explicit, and hesse, he is aware of it. He now has no audience. At the start of the play everyone is mango, obliged to hesse acquiesce in Richard's language game. He now has no power, only language, which is decorative and mango street, consolatory. Published Dissertations Christian Education. We have moved from essay, a world in which images authenticate (real) power, through a struggle to sustain this, to language itself, which is all Richard has left.
Act IV, scene i (the deposition scene); summary of a lecture by David Lindley at Leeds University. Two questions to consider are: Why is the main action preceded by the sections in which Aumerle and Carlisle figure prominently? Why does the scene continue beyond Richard's renunciation of the dissertations christian education, crown, which is its natural climax? The scene begins the street essay, second half of the play. It recollects the opening of the hermann hesse essays, whole play and mango street essay, points a parallel between Bolingbroke and essay cover page, Richard. It emphasises the clash of aristocratic pride with law and kingly power. Mango Street Essay. It looks back to events before the play's opening, showing how present events are determined by the past, and the continuity of history.
It reminds us that the hesse essays, events of the play are historical. Mango Essay. Henry IV faces difficulties similar to those of Richard, but he deals with them differently. By way of contrast, Carlisle sets forth a view of the king as above judgement. Essay Format With Cover Page. He foretells future events (in this play, other than prompting Exton's murder of Richard, Henry has avoided bloodshed, but it will come later in street, his reign). We see the events which cause the future. When Richard enters the higher, scene a number of people are under suspicion or arrest: Aumerle and his supporters, Carlisle, Richard himself. Shakespeare added and invented this part of the scene.
There is no historical basis for it. There is no suspense involved in this scene, for its outcome is already known (Richard has earlier given up the crown). The focus is not on what is to happen, but how it will happen. It is a struggle for mango street essay, theatrical, not political dominance. Richard tries to gain the published dissertations christian, audience's attention: note how he swamps Northumberland with words.
This is mango street, a play which seems deliberately not to indulge in action. There is suspension or paralysis of action whenever it threatens. How then is our interest sustained? The focus of the scene is on objects rather than actions , to each of which objects Richard has a different attitude. He resigns the crown , the symbol of rhythms essays on diaspora music of india power. Mango Street. He refuses to read the paper listing his crimes, the symbol of real actions. He smashes the mirror , symbol of vanity and self-knowledge, and shadow of his face. It is a dramatic moment when Richard's wish to essay turn everything into images collapses. This prepares us for the prison scene (V, v). Coping with tasks in mango street, A level exams. In preparing for the exam you should be aware of the different kinds of question you will have to answer.
In studying the novel prompts, text closely you should simply realise that the street essay, material studied can be approached in published dissertations, different ways in street essay, the exam. Tasks based on a passage from the play. In theory any scene in the play could be chosen; in practice the essay prompts, number of suitable scenes is more limited, but of course the extract chosen will only be a brief part of street a much longer scene. Because of the part of the question (usually) which refers to the themes of the play (not necessarily in so many words) and which implies consideration of before and after, scenes from the middle of the format cover, text are more likely to be chosen. What the examiners do NOT want is a gloss (prose paraphrase) of the extract given. This might make you feel secure, but you won't be.
What (usually) is street essay, required is as follows: Consideration of the scene's treatment of the play's general themes - the remembered on diaspora and the music of india, extract and its place in relation to the rest of the play. Matters of staging and theatrical presentation as implied in the text: use of objects; movements; relationships on stage (to whom are speeches addressed?) and the scene's structure (in episodes). Questions about theatrical presentation are NOT questions about character and essay, the content of speeches. How a character (or characters) is (are) revealed in the dialogue.
Again, this is not a question which invites paraphrase, but discussion of rhetoric. Usually, the examiners will give you an outline of how you should answer the question. You must organize your answer in these terms. Once again, remember not merely to paraphrase or give a loose running commentary. Tasks based on introduction technology, themes and characters. The examiners want to see lots of mango street material but without irrelevance or sacrifice of depth and format with page, thoroughness. In general, essays produced in trial examinations have shown too much narrowness of mango street essay approach.
It is prompts, essential to plan your essay to ensure that sufficient range of comment appears. This plan need not be beautiful, nor take more than a few minutes, but should be comprehensive. Embody the plan in your opening sentence(s), e.g. In Richard II Shakespeare presents the audience with a range of ideas about the nature of kingship: to Carlisle the right to mango essay rule is God-given and inalienable, while for Northumberland the throne is available to the candidate who wields most effective power; between these extremes we see how York, Bolingbroke and, above all, Richard, come gradually to modify their ideas. The example questions below come from past Advanced level papers: #147;It is the essay with, cynical and devious who prosper in Richard II .#148; Do you agree? How does Shakespeare present Richard and Bolingbroke as contrasting personalities and kings in Richard II ? By what means and with what success does Shakespeare attempt to secure our sympathy for Richard? In what ways do the minor characters serve to heighten the street, tragic effect of the play Richard II ? You should deal particularly with two or three characters (other than Richard and Bolingbroke). The examiners will play fair and hermann hesse, certainly won't set an essay on the Second Herald or the Welsh Captain. Essays explicitly about a single character are comparatively rare at mango essay, 'A' level (as they invite the prepared essay). Essays may well be about relationships and the theatrical presentation of characters.
In this play, questions about Richard and Bolingbroke must be expected. Questions about York, Aumerle and Northumberland are also possible. The queen, the caterpillars, Carlisle and Gaunt also contribute to how we see Richard, but are not in enough of the play to sustain essays on their own. Questions on themes look harder but aren't, usually. And they inhibit the retelling-with-comment method you should avoid. The central theme of this play is the introduction essay, nature of kingship. Questions about kingship may appear as questions (or statements to street which you respond) about persuasion essay tutition order/disorder, anarchy, rule or government . For example, you may need to discuss the idea of the King's two bodies or whether the play supports the view that not all the water in street essay, the rough rude sea/Can wash the hesse, balm off from th'anointed king.
You may be asked in what sense the play is a history play (how does Shakespeare interpret history to present a debate on ideas of kingship) or how Shakespeare addresses political issues. Any order/disorder question is mango essay, really a question about the contrasting approaches and fortunes of Richard and Henry, which is qualified by the views (on the sources and hermann hesse essays, nature of street essay kingship) of these two, and of others, among them Carlisle, Bagot, Fitzwater, Aumerle, Northumberland, Gaunt and York, as well as the rhythms on diaspora, Gardener. If you are given a statement to respond to, do not suppose you must agree or disagree wholly. Usually, the essay, statement will be more or less fair but will invite some qualification. Wholly wrong comments are never used. Often the accuracy of a statement may depend upon the interpretation given to the text in performance.
Questions about the play as theatre. A third kind of question will allow you to examine the christian education, play in explicitly theatrical terms (note that discussion of dramatic qualities is perfectly in order in the other types of mango essay question). Subjects on which you should be ready to answer would include some of the things discussed in essays, a context-based question, but seen in the perspective of the whole play (structure, actions, properties and language). Other subjects would include the unity (or lack of it) of the street essay, play (organic coherence, consistency of published christian education tone - see, for example, A. Essay. P. Rossiter's essay, Uncomformity in Richard II , in the Casebook guide, pp. Novel Essay. 214-229) and Shakespeare's use of oppositions or contrasting elements: Richard and Henry; public (formal, ceremonial) and private (informal) scenes; action and inaction; Northumberland's power politics and Carlisle's divine right of street kings, and so on: these things are not to be examined simply in their own right, but in terms of their effect on the play as a work of theatre.
As language is introduction technology essay, of such importance here, this is discussed more fully in a separate section of this guide. A very basic outline for revision. Use this very basic outline to learn the structure of the play. Adapt or customize it to suit your preferred methods of study. Bolingbroke challenges Mowbray (Norfolk) for killing his uncle (Gloucester). Richard declares a tournament at Coventry. Mango. Gaunt rejects Duchess's (Gloucesters's widow's) plea for revenge: God's is the quarrel. Coventry - the on diaspora music of india, lists - no result but Mowbray and street essay, Bolingbroke (Henry, Hereford, Lancaster, King) banished. Richard plans to take Gaunt's estates. Gaunt makes mega-patriotic speech and dies. Richard is hesse, rude and seizes his goods; Northumberland is unimpressed and tells of a very tasty plot (lots of names) France - heading for Ravenspurgh.
Bushy, Bagot and the queen - surely the least memorable scene in mango, the play; Bagot goes to introduction about essay Ireland; the other two (Greene, Bushy) don't. York is worried. Bolingbroke near Berkeley - meets pals and York. Salisbury and a Welsh captain tell us Richard has lost his army - rumoured to be dead. Caterpillars - Bushy, Greene and Wiltshire get the chop (why not Bagot? See above). Harlech - king gets lots of bad news but makes some ace speeches: Spiders. toads,Not all the water in the rough rude sea. and For God's sake let us sit upon the ground. . Flint Castle - Richard like the sun on the ramparts but comes down into the base court and says Up, cousin, up. Mango Street. . The Queen and the Gardener - cue a load of metaphors. Very easy - it's all one scene; note its structure and hesse, the use of objects (the gages, the throne, the crown and the mirror etc. etc.) Richard abdicates and Henry becomes king (How? When?) Plot at the end like in mango, II, i, but this time its Carlisle, Westminster and Aumerle against Henry. (No chance of this one succeeding). First of (too) many scenes: Richard bids dignified farewell to hermann hesse his queen, and mango, is diverted from the Tower of London to Pomfret (sounds like pommes frtes) Castle.
York is sorry for persuasion essay to reimburse collge, Richard but supports Henry now, and proves it by reporting his son's plotting. Henry is worried about his unthrifty son (Hal, later Henry V) an advert for the next play in mango essay, the series. Cue for some slapstick as Aumerle rushes in, asks Henry to lock the door, then York turns up, then the Duchess. Henry graciously spares Aumerle but demotes him to published dissertations education Rutland. Mango Street. Exton thinks he should kill Richard. Format Cover. (v) Richard in prison; he is philosophical and resolute; he learns from the groom of his horse's disloyalty and is duly murdered. Northumberland and Fitzwater have sorted out the would-be rebels. Westminster has died (naturally) but Carlisle is banished. Exton is also banished and Henry decides to go on pilgrimage to essay the Holy Land to make up for what he's done. But he never goes (Why not?) Please acknowledge my authorship by giving the URL of any pages you use, and/or include the copyright symbol. Hesse Essays. Suggestions for improvement are welcome.
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House on Mango Street essay - Walter Coggeshall - Google Sites
Food Service (Waitress Waiter) Resume Samples. Click the images to expand the street essay, resumes to a larger size. We have three resumes, and cover page, detailed explanations for how to write your own below. Mango Street! If you are an entry-level candidate (or have never been a waiter before), click here. If you need a food service cover letter, click here. Attention line cooks, prep cooks, chefs, and essay, other food service workers Dont see your job here? Please view our full list of food service resume samples here.
Click here to download. This MS Word Food Service Resume. Food Service Resumes (Text Versions Quick Facts) Restaurant Server (Chrono) Candidate uses a Reverse-Chronological resume format, and introduces the resume with a strong Career Objective Candidate emphasizes 7+ years of experience, and essay, presents hard numerical evidence to onconvincing the manager to reimburse collge tutition, prove she are a strong salesperson Candidate emphasizes depth of wine and mango essay, entree knowledge to hermann, play up her competence. RESTAURANT SERVER (REVERSE-CHRONOLOGICAL) 8870 Haven Street, Bloomington, IN 44590(141)-212-5465. Food Service Worker with 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service, and a certificate in Food Handling and Safety. Mango Essay! Possesses a keen knowledge of wines, entrees, and the responsibilities of a successful restaurateur.
Faithfully adhere to the highest standards of hygiene, quality and customer service. Essay Prompts! Aiming to leverage my knowledge to mango, effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. RIVERSIDE RESTAURANT Chicago, IL. Food Service Worker September 2011 Present. Memorized restaurants wine stock and remembered rhythms on diaspora music of india, the meals they should accompany, leading to street, daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average Write patrons food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for rhythms music of india, transmittal to street, kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Clean all work areas, equipment, utensils, dishes, and silverware and rhythms essays on diaspora, ensure they are stored appropriately in accordance to state law. Perform food preparation duties such as preparing salads, appetizers, and mango essay, cold dishes, portioning salads, and brewing coffee in a fast-paced line kitchen. CARRABBAS ITALIAN GRILL Chicago, IL.
Trainee Food Service Worker August 2007 July 2011. Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant Assisted host or hostess by answering phones to take reservations or to-go orders, and by essay format with cover, greeting, seating, and mango essay, thanking guests Stored food in designated containers and storage areas to prevent spoilage and essay the manager tutition, increase shelf life Presented wine samples for mango street essay, guests to remembered essays music, taste and opened the mango street essay, bottles for them upon their approval Served food and beverages to patrons, and persuasion onconvincing to reimburse collge, prepared or served specialty dishes at tables as required. Certificate in Food Handling and Safety, June 2008. Bachelor of street essay, Arts Degree in Culinary Arts, June 2007. Team worker who is able to hermann hesse essays, adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Mango! Excellent problem solving and communication skills, with a focus on customer service Familiarity with Point of remembered and the music of india, Sale terminals Bilingual (Spanish/English) Candidate uses a Combination resume format to emphasize achievements and skills, beginning with a Professional Profile introduction to present critical and relevant information Candidate bolds key waitressing skill keywords in the Professional Profile section, and street essay, lists her achievements after them Candidate emphasizes her ability to upsell customers on alcoholic beverages. Three Key Server Waitress Skills:
1. Salesmanship: Ability to convince customers to make extra purchases by persuasively presenting entree wine pairings, selling desserts, and convincing patrons to return to the establishment. 2. Communication: Ability to host, entertain, small talk, and speak fluidly in front of strangers at length. Essay Format With Page! Ability to mango street, work together with other food service workers as a team, often working in published higher education, pairs for bigger tables. Ability to keep a cool head when dealing with irate customers. 3. Management: Ability to teach new hosts and waiters how to present menu items, how to use Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, and test trainees for memorization of food ingredients. Project Execution: Implemented new menu introduction strategies, increasing customer purchases of essay, wine by 10% on average Management: Assisted in the training of essay format with cover, 6 new waiters, ensuring attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of restaurant methodology and practices Awards and Recognition: Frequently praised for excellent service on restaurant online rating system Salesmanship: Deep and broad knowledge of wines and street, appropriate entree pairings Communication: Fluent in format cover, English and Spanish Excellent verbal and written skills. Familiarity with Point of Sale (POS) and common restaurant machinery Able to memorize entire menu within a day, including ingredient combinations Proven ability to upsell alcohol, dessert, and appetizers to customers Bilingual Spanish and English.
Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2012 Present. Memorized restaurants wine stock and appropriate entree pairings, leading to street essay, daily wine sales averaging $180, fully 15% higher than company average Wrote patrons food orders on slips, memorized orders, and managed food resources in a 120+ seat restaurant Operated POS terminals to input customer orders, swipe credit cards, and enter cash amounts received Received in-depth training for proper food handing techniques, including proper freezer placement, appropriate soup temperatures, and equipment cleaning processes. Hostess Waitress | Los Angeles, CA | 2010 2012. Awarded Employee of the Month two months consecutively Bussed tables, presented menus, seated customers, and assisted waiters with drink orders Trained 3 new hosts in providing excellent customer service and conflict resolution techniques. Florida State University, Orlando, FL. Bachelor of Arts in English, May 2008. Three Transferable Skills for Food Service: 1. Cover Page! Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at essay, a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of essay onconvincing the manager tutition, experience is transferable into essay, any other customer service job.
2. Remembered Rhythms On Diaspora And The Music Of India! Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper? All of these skills are transferable into food service. 3. Communication: Bilingual ability, especially Spanish, will help your food service career chances significantly. If youve ever had a job where youve had to speak in street essay, front of other people, that kind of communication ability is introduction technology essay, considered transferable. 534 Shelby Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 24542 * (433) 623-6234 * [emailprotected] Superior salesmanship skills, consistently outperforming company peers Friendly, outgoing, and charismatic personality well suited for a fast paced, customer service oriented restaurant Experience with Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, with excellent basic math skills Working knowledge of wines, cocktail mixes, and other bartending skills Conversational in Spanish.
Awarded Employee of the street essay, Month for consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the restaurant offerings, leading to more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to meet company average. Experience with 3 types of POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and essay, coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and knowledge of street, equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and split bills in persuasion essay the manager, the event of POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over 90% satisfaction rating on customer feedback surveys Conversational in Spanish (able to mango street, take orders from Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in the event of introduction, customer dissatisfaction. University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of Science in Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to Writing the Ultimate Server Resume. Food service encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and hostesses, and street essay, busboys.
A waiter takes orders from a happy couple. These roles fall into what are called the front end (customer service) and the back end (food preparation) of the establishments. Essay To Reimburse! This resume is relevant to those of you with front end server experience. We will teach you why this is an essay excellent resume, and how you can write your own in a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in order to: Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to ensure you achieve your goals. By the hermann essays, way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to understand the major rules that all resumes need to follow, including server resumes. If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. Mango Essay! Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills.
For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to include on a server resume. Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to decide if youre a worthwhile candidate. Be sure to include these key server skills on your resume. Keep in mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in Food Handling and Safety, you should place it at the top of your resume. If you dont have any, you can land more interviews and potentially increase your salary by novel, earning one. The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of your resume is called the Career Objective. This applicants Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on street essay, the short list for remembered essays, an interview because she included relevant information throughout the street essay, objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective. Persuasion Essay The Manager To Reimburse Collge Tutition! Pay particular attention to the bolded parts:
1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service 2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in Food Handling and mango essay, Safety. 3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the business:
Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and the responsibilities of a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the position she wants to fill: Aiming to effectively perform a management position at your restaurant. In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicants Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the novel essay, objective. Street Essay! It is also well written, and targeted at the managerial role she wants to fill. Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by 11% through 2022. Its very important to remember that the Career Objective does not relate to about, what YOU want from the job, but rather what you can do for the company . In this way, the applicant makes a convincing argument that shed be an asset to the company in a managerial role.
Our step by step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to write your own. 3. Street Essay! Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to your job description bullet points will help the hiring manager grasp the size and essay, scope of your responsibilities, and mango street, give them a clearer mental picture of your experience. By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the vast majority of your competition. The easiest way to do this is to format, simply write how big your food establishment is, and how many seats it has. The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the bolded text below: Write patrons food orders on mango street, slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into introduction essay, computers for essay, transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request in a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the introduction about technology, vast majority of your competition. If you really want to blow away the mango essay, hiring manager, youll need to do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurants wine stock and essay the manager collge tutition, the meals they should accompany, leading to mango street, daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average. Do you know how much you make in sales daily or monthly?
You can expect to hesse, make an average of $47,960 per years as a Food Service Manager. Most restaurants especially big chains will track their servers sales statistics for the purposes of budgeting (and, of course, to cajole low performers). You can ask your manager to see these statistics, and mango essay, include them on novel essay, your resume. Even if you didnt perform spectacularly (like the applicant), simply including this information in your resume will indicate to the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. This is mango street, called writing an achievement oriented resume and published education, these tend to land the most interviews.
Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume. 4. Include Relevant Additional Skills. Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to the job. Being bilingual in street, Spanish and English is a valuable asset to have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to published education, a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Problem solving and street essay, communication skills. If you also happen to be bilingual in Spanish and English, that also tends to format with, be a valuable asset to have in a US based restaurant especially for street essay, a managerial position.
Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and persuasion essay onconvincing the manager, Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating. Getting the Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the essay, education section. Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. The most important reason the applicant is considered entry-level is because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in Food Handling and prompts, Safety, BA in Food Science). Understandably, you may not and thats fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, youll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the employer should take a chance on you.
The education section on mango, an entry-level resume can be more detailed and published christian higher education, whimsical than a professional resume , because its likely that you dont have prior work experience. The hiring manager will be interested to know if you are generally an active person or not. Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs youve joined Greek life you participate in Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples.
Waiter Newjobs.com (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in this industry on the net. The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and mango essay, could instead use more bullet points. Otherwise, this is a great sample.) Waiter- career-development-help.com (Note: A simple, but effective resume. Has a well done Professional Profile.) Cook CC.edu (Note: Overall an excellent resume, although the persuasion essay onconvincing the manager, Work Experience section is not formatted very well.) Share Food Service (Waitress #038; Waiter) Resume Samples Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market.
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Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for mango street essay, a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the persuasion essay collge, major online resume builders? Here's an in essay, depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and christian, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to street essay, help you land more interviews in novel essay prompts, today's competitive job market.
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The House on Mango Street Essay - 1055 Words | Bartleby
Advice to students writing science essays and answering exams. Mango Street Essay. Ive just come off the back of marking a quite sizeable pile of exams and hermann essays, coursework for my job. While I have done bits in the past (and earlier this year) this was the first time I had to deal with a large and concerted mass of the two and it allowed me to spot a series of things that irked me. While I am easily irked, the mango essay, issue is not trivial, good clear writing is published dissertations christian higher education essential to communicate your ideas and if you are not doing that right, then this is a problem. It matters not that this is zoology or even biology, in any job or field, precise communication is critical. And not just accuracy but ease of reading the information can be 100% accurate but if its buried in waffle or phrased badly it makes it hard to follow.
I know that I have a fair few regular student readers on here and others find me on occasion so I hope this will be useful. Im only sorry I wasnt able to think of this before the last round of exams or this might have been posted in a rather more timely occasion. So, heres a few things I kept seeing that Id quite happily never see again. They are all stylistic and people would probably not mark you down for using them, but they are at best, clumsy and inelegant and you want your work to appear astute and well produced. Helping someone to follow the thread of your work and ideas when they are reading their 37 th five page long essay on essay, the subject will help your cause. Long and flowery introductions. There is noting wrong at all with a bit of craft to your writing (indeed, it is a good thing) and essay with cover page, a little (a little) hyperbole can be good.
But having to mango essay read a whole half a page before we get anywhere with actual detail is pointless and especially so in an exam. I dont want, nor need to be told about published christian higher, how magnificent birds are and how they being joy to all who behold them. Write about mango street, them. Introduction About Technology. Repeating the street essay, question. It if helps you to focus, then feel free to write out the persuasion essay the manager to reimburse, question before answering it. But if the question is Define the 4 features of X and street essay, why their function is important, dont write X has 4 main features, and their functions are important. These are . I know there are 4 and they are important, its the damned question! The Is have it.
Science is really supposed to be about dispassionate reporting. Dont talk about yourself. I think, I am saying, I will show that. Even when a question says something like What do you interpret Smith et al.s 2004 paper to mean . you can avoid the first person. Say It can be shown or This can be interpreted to published christian higher education mean. Its obviously your interpretation, you are writing it. Dont describe what you are describing.
This seems to street essay go hand-in-hand with the point above. I read far too many things that went I will now describe the following features of X. Introduction Essay. This sentence is mango street essay pretty much absolutely redundant. Just describe X. An alternative version of introduction about essay, this is repeating information in reverse. Where it is pertinent, theres nothing wrong with reminding the reader of a key point later in mango the answer. But writing There are four feature of X describing them and finishing with and these are the four features of X at the end of the same 2 or 3 sentence paragraph is nonsense.
I even saw it done in the same sentence a few times. Try to avoid repetition of phrases. I lost count of with cover page, people who needing to make similar points over a number of paragraphs would start each section with Another point / idea / function is . Street. About the 4 th time you read that it gets very, very boring. On Diaspora And The Music. Just add a smidge of mango street essay, style. A further function is, The next function to be considered is, X is another key function, In addition, function X, Furthermore, X and so on. Avoid believe like the remembered on diaspora and the, plague. Street. Ideas can be supported, though of, understood to be, have a consensus behind, be agreed upon and others, but not believed. Yes, the vernacular use is one of genera I accept that but it really should be kept out of science. Its even worse when you say it about essay onconvincing, other people Smith et al. believe that X . Not they dont, on the balance of the evidence, thats the hypothesis they support.
Unsuitable anthropomorphism or odd terms. Something like an ankylosaur was slow, and street essay, heavy, and didnt move very fast. But to call it ponderous, clumsy or lumbering is to give it something close to emotive or descriptive characters that just arent suitable for animals. And finally, on a related note, answer the question. That one really seems to have gone past far too many people. I have an essay-based exam coming up tomorrow (and three more next week) so this post is most appreciated! It#8217;s all commonsensical advice, but really, one#8217;s mind often needs refreshing on even the most mundane of onconvincing collge tutition, topics! For example, as a student, it#8217;s easy to forget the poor people who have to mark a hundred or so exam scripts. Essay. (I don#8217;t envy you!) Now, I do have to admit to having committed a few of the essays on diaspora and the, above errors in the past, especially the flowery bit. Street. OnO; I shall consider the sanity of my lecturers the next time I sit down to write an introduction, indeed! But there is a difference between writing an essay with a fortnightly deadline, and writing four essays in three hours.
Usually, I find writing a very creative process #8212; i.e., one involving me living the life of a suffering artist (oh no, flowers, again!) before inspiration strikes. I presume writing up an article is somewhat similar. Under exam conditions, however, essays don#8217;t come easily to me. Essay With Page. And that#8217;s when I commit the street essay, above-listed errors. But it#8217;s nice of you to persuasion essay the manager collge point them out; I feel faculty doesn#8217;t communicate enough with students. I#8217;m sorry, this comment is almost a blog post of its own. My sincere apologies.
But before I bring it to a close, I have to raise an issue that irks me as a student: essays scoring. 70% that receive only positive feedback and an #8220;Excellent#8221;. Obviously it#8217;s not #8220;excellent#8221; as 1/3 of the mark was not awarded. No that#8217;s all good thanks. And yes, exam essays are very different to #8216;normal#8217; essays. Mango Essay. But the essay, smae rules apply and mango street essay, the more of them you can stick to, the better both will look and hopefully the essay format with, more marks you#8217;ll get (or the less excuses people have to take them off). Mango Street. Lots of remembered essays on diaspora and the music, good stuff here, Dave. But: #8220;The Is have it. Science is mango street essay really supposed to be about dispassionate reporting. Dont talk about yourself. I think, I am saying, I will show that.
Even when a question says something like What do you interpret Smith et al.s 2004 paper to essay onconvincing the manager to reimburse collge tutition mean . you can avoid the first person. Say It can be shown or This can be interpreted to mango mean. Its obviously your interpretation, you are writing it.#8221; Why? Why is essay format with #8220;it can be shown that#8221; better than #8220;I will show#8221;? It#8217;s longer, less direct and mango street essay, no more informative #8212; in fact, it#8217;s LESS informative, since it doesn#8217;t say that it WILL be shown, or by whom. I know this sort of passive-voice writing has a long tradition in scientific writing, but so far as I can see that#8217;s all it is essays and the #8212; tradition, with no actual rationale. It seems particularly stupid that no-one bats an eyelid when it#8217;s plural (#8220;we will show#8221;) but only when it#8217;s singular (#8220;I will show#8221;), and one of the things I like about Matt#8217;s recent papers is his ignoring this convention. Mike, I sort of agree. There is a place for #8216;I#8217;s in mango science writing, but only when it is directly relevant. Writing #8220;Hone (2009) showed that#8230;#8221; is odd, and #8220;in 2009 I showed that#8230;#8221; is better. Bust the vast majority of the time it#8217;s just an irrelevance I know it was you who did it, you are writing this.
If noting else, whether you like it or not, it *is* the consensus on how this should be done and if you are the only one bucking the trend it looks odd. If you are going to do that, you should at remembered essays least know and understand what it is that you are bucking and why, and I think it fair to mango street essay say that#8217;s not really true of most student work. Alos, I suppose it does help lend a note of dispassion about the writing and that is, on average, a good thing in essays music of india my opinion. OK, I guess you are mostly talking about essays where people write #8220;in my opinion, X#8221; rather than just #8220;X#8221;. Which means that this point, like so many of the mango essay, others you mention, comes from the same place: padding. Essay Prompts. Your pet hates nearly all seem to be lame tricks that students use to stretch their answers out to an acceptable length when they don#8217;t actually have enough to say. There is a lot in that Mike, but critically, a lot of the time I don#8217;t think they even know they are doing it, or we would rather they didn#8217;t. I had a another though on why the use of street essay, #8220;I#8221; could be a red flag (as opposed to always an necessarily being wrong, which I now realise is not what you were saying). #8220;I#8221; often heralds the onconvincing the manager to reimburse tutition, appearance of mango essay, opinions rather than facts.
As in #8220;I believe that birds are descended from dinosaurs#8221; as opposed to remembered #8220;Livezey and Zusi (2006) reaffirmed that birds are descended from dinosaurs#8221;. Yes and mango, that is annoying and a real issue. There seems to be a difference between UK and American English style. Technology Essay. In the US, passive voice is to be avoided at all costs. My PhD committee continually criticized me for using the passive tense (I moved from the UK to street essay the US to do my PhD). In British English it is less of a problem. I know you are in Ireland so this isn#8217;t all that relevant, but I think there#8217;s nothing wrong with writing #8220;I#8221; in a scientific paper. Well I don;t think it#8217;s *wrong* as such, but where possible I wouldn#8217;t use it.
So If it#8217;s the about technology, best thing to street essay do, then use it, but don#8217;t put it in published dissertations higher education gratuitiously. Mango Street. Just to nitpick: #8220;passive#8221; is not a tense, it#8217;s a voice. Introduction Technology Essay. One other bit of advice for street students: take 15-30 seconds (that is literally all it takes) to persuasion to reimburse scribble an outline in the margin, especially for mango street essay extended essays. Obviously, questions of the type #8220;name four features of X and their importance#8221; carry an implicit outline of their own. But as a student it frustrated me to find my points and persuasion essay onconvincing tutition, ideas scattered all over the place in an essay, and frankly, as an instructor having to spend hours grading the things, it was even more frustrating.
A quick and dirty outline doesn#8217;t need to lock you into a form if you realize something else needs to be added later. But spending just a few seconds to focus on mango street, your organization can really help focus and persuasion essay to reimburse collge tutition, clarify your writing under circumstances that are conducive to neither focus nor clarity. Ah. All my problems in mango essay scientific writing in essay format cover one, elegant list. Thanks now I can tell people what#8217;s wrong with me. #128578; I study biology, but I#8217;m a journalist at heart. I love unsuitable anthropomorphism, odd terms, flowery introductions and hyperbole. It#8217;s probably be pretty frustrating to read to someone who just wants the facts and not to be entertained. My thesis advisor must have a hard time trying to weed out all the weird wanderings and playing with words#8230; Poor guy. Mango. Thank you for this very nice summary of introduction, good writing advice that I intend to mango essay pass onto my students.
However, I would like to make on important point about using the essay onconvincing the manager, passive voice versus active voice. Active voice is mango preferred when writing methods sections of papers because it is more accurate than passive voice. It is essay cover more precise to say #8220;I/we performed X method.#8221; than to say #8220;X method was performed.#8221; The passive form of the statement leaves questions in the readers mind, which you have so nicely pointed out is to be avoided.
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Climate Change Essay Essays and Research Papers. Climate Change Essay Bethany Jarvis Student ID No. Street Essay. 9543376 . Essay Prompts. Submitted as an assignment in SSK13 Learning Communication Behaviour Due Date: 15th April 2012 Tutor: Dr Geoffrey Hon Class: Wednesday 9pm - 10pm Word Count: 1,137 Climate Change Essay Is climate change the mango street, new apocalypse? Are Western Nations too influenced by capitalism to effectively deal with the essays on diaspora music of india, problem? Climate change is a rising issue of essay importance. Climate change , Earth , Economic system 1198 Words | 4 Pages. recognition that women and men experience climate change differently and that gender inequalities worsen womens coping capacity. . Therefore, questions such as; Do people have similar or equal conditions in which to address and adapt to essay with, climate change ? Do they have the same skills and capabilities to confront it? Will the street, consequences of climate change affect all people equally? will be answered. The essay will also acknowledge the role of women as important actors of change and novel prompts holders of significant amount. Agriculture , Climate change , Gender 1887 Words | 6 Pages. ? It is generally acknowledged that climate change is a serious issue faced by many countries.
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Climate is different from weather. Atmosphere , Atmospheric pressure , Climate 662 Words | 4 Pages. Name: Arroyo, Juan Carlos A. Hermann Hesse Essays. NATSCI Topic: Global Climate Change and Human Health Anthony J. McMichael, M.B., B.S., Ph.D. . N Engl J Med 2013; 368:1335-1343April 4, 2013DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra1109341 G lobal influences on the human health are focused at frame in which global health issues are directed. The systematic series of actions are more of processes, Including disruption and/or depletion. Street Essay. Climate change is getting worse and remembered essays on diaspora of india worse every second of mango street everyday.
Moreover, this study helps. Climate , Climate change , Earth 780 Words | 3 Pages. Comparative Summary - draft 1 4/8/13 Climate change is a very hot topic in novel prompts recent years. There are a lot of opinions and . concerns between people. Some scientists and street essay experts suggest that people should pay attention about this serious problem. Anthony A. Leiserowitz in essay collge tutition his article American Risk Perceptions: Is Climate Change Dangerous? published in Risk Analysis (2005) and Elke U. Weber and mango street Paul C. Stern in their article Public understanding of Climate Change in the United States published in. Climate , Climate change , Global warming 982 Words | 3 Pages.
8-13-13 7- Acuity Climate Change What is published dissertations higher education, climate change ? Climate includes . patterns of essay temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind and seasons. Hesse Essays. Climate change affects more than just a change in street essay the weather, it refers to seasonal changes over a long period of time. These climate patterns play a fundamental role in shaping natural ecosystems, and the human economies and cultures that depend on essay cover page them. Because so many systems are tied to climate , a change in climate can affect many related aspects. Climate , Climate change , Ecosystem 827 Words | 3 Pages. Climate change : Climate . change is simply define as change in global weather condition such as temperature, pressure etc.
Climate change is a change in street essay statistical distribution of weather pattern over novel essay prompts, time ranging from mango essay decades to introduction about, millions of years. It may be change in weather conditions or distribution of weather around the average condition. Climate change is caused by factors such as oceanic process (e.g. oceanic. Climate , Climate change , Greenhouse gas 1552 Words | 6 Pages. CLIMATE CHANGE What does the climate mean? Climate , like weather, describes the state of the . Street. atmosphere in terms of factors such as temperature, rainfall, and wind patterns. Whereas the onconvincing the manager to reimburse tutition, weather describes conditions as measured in hours, days or weeks, the street essay, climate is average weather conditions measured over the longer term: months, years or decades.
What is published, climate change ? Any process that causes adjustments to a climate system from a volcanic eruption to a cyclical change in mango essay solar. Climate , Climate change , Earth 712 Words | 3 Pages. LSGI1B02_20122 Climate Change and Society With English Writing Requirements (by Janet Elizabeth NICHOL; Man Sing WONG;) Second . Draft Submission Assignment Title: WHAT IS NEEDED TO MANAGE GLOBLE WARMING | Student Name: | YangTianfang | | Student ID: | 12131087d | | Group ID: | EWT008 | | Date: | April 12, 13 | Based on dissertations christian a series of essay scientific theories and evidence, it seems fair to say that nowadays environmental issues are essential for hermann essays people to acknowledge and consider. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Fossil fuel 2060 Words | 6 Pages. To what extent is climate change part of the Earths natural cycles Since the origins of the Earth about 4.6 billion . years ago the climate has be constantly changing. The Earth experienced far warmer weather and far colder weather, however it has survived and mango the species which existed have been continuously adapting though a process of evolution- this is all part of the Earths natural cycle. Recently though the changes have seemingly occurred at a more concerning pace than before; this.
Carbon dioxide , Climate , Climate change 2695 Words | 7 Pages. called the climate change . Persuasion Essay To Reimburse Collge. Simply saying, it is the change of Earths condition such as temperature, rainfall, . wind, humidity and weather. And climate change could result in global warming which is the essay, rising temperature of Earths surface. This fenomena began to remembered essays on diaspora and the music, be a global issue since The First World Climate Conference in 1979, which identified it as an street urgent problem and encourage other countries to aniticipate it and find ways to overcome this issue. There are 2 factors that cause climate change. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Earth 1176 Words | 3 Pages.
? Climate change is defined as changes in the earth's weather, including changes in temperature, wind . patterns and remembered rhythms essays on diaspora music of india rainfall, especially the increase in the temperature of the mango street, earth's atmosphere that is caused by the increase of hermann essays particular gases, especially carbon dioxide . Throughout history, students have been the driving force in social change . Now more than ever is the time for students across the country to become global warming activists and join the mango, movement.Participation of introduction educational facilities. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Education 808 Words | 3 Pages. CLIMATE CHANGE , CHANGING NEED amp; AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT REFLECTION BY-Girijesh Singh Mahra M.Sc. Extension . Education(Junior Research Fellow) (I.AG.Sc.) B.H.U. Mango Street. Varanasi, 221 005 NATURE HAS SUFFICIENT TO FULFILL THE NEED OF ALL BUT NOTHING TO SATISFY THE GREED OF ONE Once, I visited a hospital for my health checkup,there I saw a man with shattered skin,rashes all over published higher education, the body;clearcut it was the case of allergy. Agriculture , Carbon dioxide , Climate 1292 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Science and Impacts of Climate Change on the Maldives Science of global warming and climate . change Anthropogenicly produced greenhouse gases has exacerbated global warming. The burning of fossil fuels and deforestation have resulted in almost doubling the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. The concentration of CO2 has increased at a rate of 2.0 ppm/yr., which is much faster than in pre-industrial times (1).
This greenhouse gas absorbs long wave radiation heat emanated away from the earth which. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Coral reef 2139 Words | 6 Pages. Aspects of the street, climate change Definitions: weather: The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to . variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity, and barometric pressure. climate : the variability or average state of the atmosphere over many years climate change : the variation in the Earth?s global climate or in regional climates over years One of the most current issues in hesse essays politics or wherever in essay these days is the debate about climate change . Novel Prompts. Scientists confirm. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Earth 1713 Words | 6 Pages. ?Man made change If we have never had been here, then the earth would have gone on healthy and the way it should, but since we are here there . are disruptive thing on the earth that are causing the destruction on the earth.
And most of these factors are man made, if not all are man made What I think Deciding whether global warming is natural or man made is very difficult. There are many reasons for each side and it is very hard to decide. In my opinion, global warming is man made. I think this for. Carbon dioxide , Climate , Climate change 1471 Words | 4 Pages. Climate change is street, one of the biggest problems facing the world today.
Climate change refers to the . changes of the climate in which bad phenomena that caused directly or indirectly by human activities. Global warming is one of the main factors that contribute to the climate change . Global warming occurs when heat trapped in the earths atmosphere that caused by excess greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O). All of essay onconvincing to reimburse collge tutition these gases form a layer in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Fossil fuel 821 Words | 3 Pages. Global climate change has positive and street essay negative effects on marine and terrestrial ecosystems. The cause of global . climate change is said to essay onconvincing tutition, be because carbon dioxide is being emitted through the large scale burning of oil, coal and gas, with an additional contribution coming from clearing of tropical forests and woodlands which results in wildlife life destruction. The carbon dioxide traps heat from the sun in the earth's atmosphere and prevents it from being sent back out into mango, space. The heat that. Carbon dioxide , Climate , Climate change 1663 Words | 6 Pages. ? Climate change is a significant and and the music lasting change in the statistical distribution of street essay weather patterns over . periods ranging from decades to millions of published christian years. Street Essay. It may be a change in average weather conditions, or in the distribution of remembered weather around the average conditions (i.e., more or fewer extreme weather events).
Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations insolar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have. Attribution of essay recent climate change , Carbon dioxide , Climate 2026 Words | 5 Pages. causing climate change With the rapid development of contemporary society, the balance between human and the nature has been . destroyed. The increase of novel essay prompts globally averaged temperature on street the earths surface has occurred over the past century. Thus, climate problems have been the initial international issue to be handled.
Industrial production is persuasion essay onconvincing tutition, one of human activities causing climate change . Firstly, this essay will analyze how carbon dioxide and street small carbon particles lead to climate change . Cover. Secondly. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Fossil fuel 724 Words | 3 Pages. of environmental changes . Street. These changes on the geography of the Earth within such a small time frame are unheard of, and published higher may be . irreversible. Mango Essay. Climate change has a wide range of adverse effects on the natural world and manmade systems. Essays. The main concerns are the risks posed on mango street the Earths geophysical and ecological processes. Many causes influence climate change with the main cause being increased atmospheric greenhouse gases. Other major causes include deforestation, land-use changes , and chlorofluorcarbons. Atmosphere , Carbon dioxide , Climate 1950 Words | 6 Pages. ?INTRODUCTION The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other scientific authorities around the world have left . no doubt in our minds as to the significance negative impact of format with climate change on mango our nations. Over the last 20 years, climate change has evolved from with cover just an environmental issue to one of the top discussed subjects at international events.
For many, climate change is a new and real political, economic and security concern to essay, the worlds nations. Many developing countries. Abu Dhabi , Al Ain , Climate change 1128 Words | 3 Pages. Climate Change : The Fact Background The article overleaf was part of a booklet which came with a newspaper, and provided . readers with information about key scientific issues facing the world today. The passage is headed Climate Change : The Facts, and essay prompts focuses on global warming as the mango essay, main cause of this. Understanding the essays, text First of all it is important to understand what the street, purpose of the with, text is and who it is written for. The writer, Kate Ravilious, intends to inform the reader. Carbon dioxide , Climate , Climate change 1309 Words | 4 Pages. infections in the warm areas such as the mango street essay, tropical and subtropical regions. Nevertheless, the global warming is beneficial to expand and increase the . development of these diseases. 4. Methods Global warming has become a 'trend' that is not easier to change , but there are some methods must be implemented to mitigate this phenomenon.
As everyone knowing, Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is the main reason that causes the global warming. Essays On Diaspora And The. Thus, the simplest method that individuals can do is to mango street essay, reduce the generation. Climate change , Earth , Greenhouse gas 1727 Words | 8 Pages. Davos Declaration on Climate Change. 21565 | | SUBJECT: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND DESTINATION MANAGEMENT ASSIGNMENT | INTRODUCTION Climate change has being a . major concern and challenge for about technology essay many countries across the globe, especially for the developing countries. The tourism industry is mango, a major contributor to the emission of GHG, and all nations and economic sectors will have to contend with the challenges of remembered essays of india climate change , through adaptation and mango essay mitigation.
Green House Gas (GHG) emissions, derived especially from the transportation. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Global warming 2480 Words | 7 Pages. ?Debate on Climate Change Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the . statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from introduction about decades to mango essay, millions of years. It may be a change in essay prompts average weather conditions or the distribution of events around that average, for example more or fewer extreme weather events. Climate change may be limited to a particular region or may occur across the whole Earth. I t is a broader context of human dimensions in mango street which insufficient attention.
Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Fossil fuel 2494 Words | 7 Pages. demonstrate that the climatological changes weve seen since the published dissertations higher education, mid-1800s are outside the bounds of natural variability inherent in the . earths climate system. Thus, any impartial jury should not come back with a guilty verdict convicting humanity of forcing recent climatological changes . Even the most ardent supporters of global warming will not argue this point. Instead, they argue that humans are only partially responsible for the observed climate change . Mango Street Essay. If one takes a hard look at introduction technology essay the science. Atmosphere , Atmospheric pressure , Carbon dioxide 543 Words | 1 Pages.
Analytical Summary of Climate Change. Analytical Summary of Climate Change Modeling Methodology Articles (NAME) (NAME OF SCHOOL) . Abstract The present essay includes a synthesis of four research articles discussing climate change related to tropical cyclones through various climate modeling methods. More specifically, the articles examine whether the street, frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones, with subsequent global impact on climate , atmospheric carbon levels, and human population. Climate , Climate change , Cyclone 1026 Words | 3 Pages. This essay and its contents is novel, designed to define and discuss the concept of mango essay my position on the following statement: Human activity, . especially the burning of fossil fuels. Introduction Essay. It also answers inquiries of; is it a major contributor to climate change ? Do I agree or disagree? From my research and readings, Ive concluded that, the foremost effect that burning fossil fuels has on mango our environment is the hermann, greenhouse effect, also known as global warming. Carbon dioxide, which is also known as greenhouse. Atmosphere , Carbon dioxide , Climate 729 Words | 3 Pages. Anthroprogenic Climate Change and Its Effects.
Human-induced climate change will have various effects on our landscapes and on our way of life. Discuss the causes of . anthropogenic climate change , and using examples from Ireland and internationally, outline some of the potential impacts that climate change , and societys responses to it, will have on our future geography. Anthropogenic climate change is the greatest threat to mango street, the planet. The Intergovernmental Panel on essay format cover Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment report states that most of. Carbon dioxide , Climate , Climate change 1628 Words | 5 Pages. Is Climate Change Naturally or Man-Made? - Argument Essay.
Is climate change naturally or man-made? First of all, for anyone that does not know what climate . Essay. change is, it is hesse essays, a change in mango street the worlds climate . A lot of people think weather and climate is the same thing but it is not. The difference between weather and climate is a measure of time. Weather is what conditions of the atmosphere are over a short period of time. Climate is what the conditions are over relatively long periods of time.
My belief of the issue is about, that climate change is man-made. Atmosphere , Carbon dioxide , Climate 1123 Words | 3 Pages. Requirements of Sdi in Climate Change. Write an mango essay essay on any one of the following topics whichever you like the most in about 1500 words. Onconvincing The Manager Collge. 1) Requirements of SDI on . climate change 2) Application of SDI on Land Administration 3) Application of essay SDI on published dissertations education Urban planning 4) Application of SDI on Disaster Management Requirements of SDI on climate change Climate change is the greatest social, economic, and mango street environmental challenge of the present time. And the issue of hermann essays climate change in current situation is major. With climate change over time. Climate , Climate change , Global Positioning System 1590 Words | 5 Pages. The Economic Effects of Climate Change. ?In recent years, due to the constant change of essay climate , floods, droughts, landslides, and storms have frequented our earth, the . only human habitat. Therefore, climate change has become one of the most important issues in many urban areas of hesse essays many countries and mango street essay it is essay prompts, a serious impact on street essay them.
There is introduction technology essay, half of the world's population in mango street essay urban areas and the proportion will increase rapidly in future years. Climate change is a mean state of the climate or in its variability, continue for a long period. Carbon dioxide , City , Climate change 817 Words | 3 Pages. Climate Change and hermann essays Media Issues Essay TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 3 Global Climate . Mango Street Essay. Change 3 Issues 3 Science 4 Controversy 5 Australias Action: A price on carbon 5 What is the Carbon Tax? 5 Australian Politics 6 Public Response 6 Media Coverage 7 Responsibility amp; Truth 7 Our Options? 8 Conclusion 8 References 9 ------------------------------------------------- INTRODUCTION Is the world facing a threat that could devastate the human population. Carbon dioxide , Climate , Climate change 1115 Words | 5 Pages.
Climate change is defined as the significant fluctuations in essay format with weather patterns. Mango Street. These fluctuations could be caused by harmful . human activities or even the persuasion essay the manager, natural processes occurring on Earth. It is also a broader term to describe global warming and all the changes that occur on a certain locations climate . Mango Essay. Some signs of climate change include higher temperature, frequent occurrences of droughts, warmer temperature of the oceans, rising sea levels and melting glaciers. It greatly affects the. Attribution of recent climate change , Climate change , Global warming 1383 Words | 4 Pages. Next Ice Age?
It would be safe to assume that climate change is going to introduction, be around for a long time and have an enormous impact . on the lives of many people. Street Essay. Humans have had a huge impact on about essay the environment for mango street essay many years and can be linked to one the main factors of global warming. Hermann Hesse. Global warming is a topic that has received much attention in recent years; yet our climate change is not a recent problem. If the U.S. Continues to ignore climate change then the effect on the environment will affect humans. Climate , Climate change , Earth 989 Words | 3 Pages. UNIB10007 Introduction to Climate Change Climate change : Is there a problem?
Professor David . Karoly School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne Some views from leaders Ban Ki Moon Climate change is the greatest threat facing humanity. It threatens to undo 50 years of our development work and it will impact the poor in the greatest sense. Barack Obama We will respond to the threat of climate change , knowing that the failure to do so would betray our children and future. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Global climate model 822 Words | 6 Pages. ?Why climate change is good for the world Don't panic! The scientific consensus is that warmer temperatures do more good than . harm Climate change has done more good than harm so far and mango is likely to essay, continue doing so for most of this century.
This is not some barmy, right-wing fantasy; it is the consensus of expert opinion. Yet almost nobody seems to mango, know this. Essay. Good news is no news, which is street essay, why the mainstream media largely ignores all studies showing net benefits of climate change . Published Dissertations. And academics. 21st century , Carbon dioxide , Climate change 1299 Words | 3 Pages. ? To put it in its simplest terms, climate change refers to the long term change in the earths temperature, . particularly an increase in the average atmospheric temperature (Dictionary.com). Although there are some natural causes for street essay climate change , most scientists are in essay agreement that humans are at least in part responsible for mango essay some of the effects we have already seen and must therefore take corrective action immediately to slow the hesse essays, process before it is too late and essay irreversible catastrophic. Attribution of recent climate change , Carbon dioxide , Climate change 1641 Words | 8 Pages. Climate change has taken significant changes throughout the years on Earth. These changes have . affected the in more than one way.
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